How to format your references using the AIP Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIP Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 M. Nosonovsky, “Materials science: slippery when wetted,” Nature 477(7365), 412–413 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
1 K. Jensen, and F. Murray, “Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome,” Science 310(5746), 239–240 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
1 H. Ohmoto, K.E. Yamaguchi, and S. Ono, “Questions regarding Precambrian sulfur isotope fractionation,” Science 292(5524), 1959 (2001).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 L.J. Pillitteri, D.B. Sloan, N.L. Bogenschutz, and K.U. Torii, “Termination of asymmetric cell division and differentiation of stomata,” Nature 445(7127), 501–505 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 C.R. Hollin, The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016).
An edited book
1 T. Honkela, W. Duch, M. Girolami, and S. Kaski, editors , Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2011: 21st International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Espoo, Finland, June 14-17, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
1 E. van Dijk, D. de Cremer, L.B. Mulder, and J. Stouten, in New Issues and Paradigms in Research on Social Dilemmas, edited by A. Biel, D. Eek, T. Gärling, and M. Gustafsson (Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008), pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIP Advances.

Blog post
1 J. O`Callaghan, “Shape Of Martian Pebbles Reveals A Knee-Deep River Once Flowed On The Surface,” IFLScience, (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office, Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comments on the National Plan for Information Systems Protection (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 A.E. Simonsen, Risk and Resilience: Girls’ Experiences Navigating Space and Relationships in a Secure Residential Facility, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 L. Yablonsky, “Clay Mates,” New York Times, M2160 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAIP Advances
AbbreviationAIP Adv.
ISSN (online)2158-3226
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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