How to format your references using the AIP Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIP Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 H. Nowotny, Nature 504, 189 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1 E.L.N. Jensen and R. Akeson, Nature 511, 567 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
1 G. Gavazzi, A. Bisio, and T. Pozzo, Sci. Rep. 3, 1168 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 B.K. Attwood, J.-M. Bourgognon, S. Patel, M. Mucha, E. Schiavon, A.E. Skrzypiec, K.W. Young, S. Shiosaka, M. Korostynski, M. Piechota, R. Przewlocki, and R. Pawlak, Nature 473, 372 (2011).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 P.F. Mastro, Plastics Product Design (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016).
An edited book
1 K. Mori, editor , The Olfactory System: From Odor Molecules to Motivational Behaviors (Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1 J. Lee, S. Kim, and J. Kim, in EKC 2010: Proceedings of the EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology, edited by M.-W. Han and J. Lee (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011), pp. 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIP Advances.

Blog post
1 T. Hale, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office, Missouri River Navigation: Data on Commodity Shipments for Four States Served by the Missouri River and Two States Served by Both the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 A.M. Spratley, Connecting Law and Creativity: The Role of Lawyers in Supporting Creative and Innovative Economic Development, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 B. Brantley, New York Times C1 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAIP Advances
AbbreviationAIP Adv.
ISSN (online)2158-3226
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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