How to format your references using the Trends in Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seliktar, D. (2012) Designing cell-compatible hydrogels for biomedical applications. Science 336, 1124–1128
A journal article with 2 authors
Vukmirovic, O.G. and Tilghman, S.M. (2000) Exploring genome space. Nature 405, 820–822
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi, G. et al. (2013) Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Sci. Rep. 3, 1168
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Rosales, T. et al. (2013) Partition of Myc into immobile vs. mobile complexes within nuclei. Sci. Rep. 3, 1953

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandez-Maloigne, C. et al. (2012) Digital Color, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anagnostou, E. and Brian, J., eds. (2015) Clinician’s Manual on Autism Spectrum Disorder, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Corona, I. et al. (2008) Intrusion Detection in Computer Systems Using Multiple Classifier Systems. In Supervised and Unsupervised Ensemble Methods and their Applications (Okun, O. and Valentini, G., eds), pp. 91–113, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neurosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 13-Mar-(2015) , Look, Your Eyes Are Wired Backwards: Here’s Why. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Freight Railroad Safety: Results of Rail Industry Survey about Hours of Service Issues (GAO-11-894SP, September 2011), an E-supplement to GAO-11-853, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan, T.J. (2017) , Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M. and Shear, M.D. 27-May-(2017) , Mild in Mideast, but Elbows Are Out in Europe. , New York Times, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neurosciences
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0166-2236
ISSN (online)1878-108X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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