How to format your references using the Trends in Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harper, S. (2014) Economic and social implications of aging societies. Science 346, 587–591
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, I. and Rose, N. (2009) Biomarkers in psychiatry. Nature 460, 202–207
A journal article with 3 authors
Denommee, K.C. et al. (2014) Climatic controls on hurricane patterns: a 1200-y near-annual record from Lighthouse Reef, Belize. Sci. Rep. 4, 3876
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Loose, M. et al. (2008) Spatial regulators for bacterial cell division self-organize into surface waves in vitro. Science 320, 789–792

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin, W. (2013) International Construction Contracts, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
INDERJIT and Mukerji, K.G., eds. (2006) Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases, 2Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayakawa, R. et al. (2006) Friction Melanosis. In Irritant Dermatitis (Chew, A.-L. and Maibach, H. I., eds), pp. 31–35, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neurosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 03-Aug-(2015) , What The Tim Hunt Brouhaha Shows About How Junior And Senior Academic Voices Are Heard. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Attrition of Scientists and Engineers at Seven Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos, E. (2014) , Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 01-May-(2007) , High Court Puts Limits On Patents. , New York Times, C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neurosciences
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0166-2236
ISSN (online)1878-108X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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