How to format your references using the Trends in Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paige, D.A. (2005) Ancient Mars: wet in many places. Science 307, 1575–1576
A journal article with 2 authors
Norell, M.A. and Clarke, J.A. (2001) Fossil that fills a critical gap in avian evolution. Nature 409, 181–184
A journal article with 3 authors
Hochberg, Y.V. et al. (2015) ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable. Science 348, 1202
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Wang, S. et al. (2013) Protein structure alignment beyond spatial proximity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1448

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang, R.K. (2013) Inside the Black Box, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Innocenti, F., ed. (2009) Genomics and Pharmacogenomics in Anticancer Drug Development and Clinical Response, Humana Press
A chapter in an edited book
Teng, T.T. and Low, L.W. (2012) Removal of Dyes and Pigments from Industrial Effluents. In Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention (Sharma, S. K. and Sanghi, R., eds), pp. 65–93, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neurosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017) Is Talking To Yourself A Sign Of Mental Illness? An Expert Delivers Her Verdict. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Offshoring in Six Human Services Programs: Offshoring Occurs in Most States, Primarily in Customer Service and Software Development, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009) Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2017) Invisibly BlackNew York Times, BR14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neurosciences
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0166-2236
ISSN (online)1878-108X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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