How to format your references using the Trends in Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielmann, C. (2014) Ultrafast dynamics. Electrons take the fast track through silicon. Science 346, 1293–1294
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous, S. and Herzog, H.A. (2000) Poll shows researchers favor lab animal protection. Science 290, 711b
A journal article with 3 authors
Conrad, C.P. et al. (2013) Conrad et al. reply. Nature 503, E4
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Manzke, T. et al. (2003) 5-HT4(a) receptors avert opioid-induced breathing depression without loss of analgesia. Science 301, 226–229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamarone, R. (2012) The Trader’s Guide to Key Economic Indicators, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pawlik, T.M. et al., eds. (2015) Gastrointestinal Surgery: Management of Complex Perioperative Complications, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sabe, M. and Heupler, F. (2013) Cardiac Output. In Cardiovascular Hemodynamics: An Introductory Guide (Anwaruddin, S. et al., eds), pp. 65–73, Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neurosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 21-May-(2015) , Male Java Sparrows Drop The Beat. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Pipeline Safety: Management of the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Enforcement Program Needs Further Strengthening, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burns, K.N. (2017) , Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. 13-Nov-(2016) , European Leaders, Reeling, Meet to Weigh Fallout of U.S. Election. , New York Times, A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neurosciences
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0166-2236
ISSN (online)1878-108X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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