How to format your references using the Trends in Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, B. (2005) Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. Learning from natural disasters. Introduction. Science 308, 1125
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver, A.J. and Zwiers, F.W. (2000) Uncertainty in climate change. Nature 407, 571–572
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieder, A. et al. (2002) Representation of the quantity of visual items in the primate prefrontal cortex. Science 297, 1708–1711
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Heinrich, A.J. et al. (2004) Single-atom spin-flip spectroscopy. Science 306, 466–469

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne, P. (2017) World Religions in Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Singh, A. and Zommers, Z., eds. (2014) Reducing Disaster: Early Warning Systems For Climate Change, Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Hubey, H.M. (2006) Chance Discovery. In Chance Discoveries in Real World Decision Making: Data-based Interaction of Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence (Ohsawa, Y. and Tsumoto, S., eds), pp. 49–68, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neurosciences.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016) World’s Largest Marine Protected Area Declared In Antarctica. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Follow-up Review of the IR Maverick Program, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, R. (2017) What Qualities Make an Effective Teacher Labor Union Leader? Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992) Clinton Chats With Reagan, Then Heads Out to the MallNew York Times, 17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neurosciences
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0166-2236
ISSN (online)1878-108X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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