How to format your references using the Engineering with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azim E (2014) Neuroscience. Shortcuts and checkpoints on the road to skilled movement. Science 346:554–555
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldschmidt TJ, Noelle RJ (2001) Immunology. Long live the mature B cell--a baffling mystery resolved. Science 293:2012–2013
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira RF, Carneiro LA, Canário AVM (2005) Behavioural endocrinology: no hormonal response in tied fights. Nature 437:207–208
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hÿtch M, Houdellier F, Hüe F, Snoeck E (2008) Nanoscale holographic interferometry for strain measurements in electronic devices. Nature 453:1086–1089

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone J, Vaidya N (2016) Cultural Transformations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Prain V, Cox P, Deed C, et al (2014) Adapting to Teaching and Learning in Open-Plan Schools. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Tirri K (2012) The Core of School Pedagogy. In: Niemi H, Toom A, Kallioniemi A (eds) Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering with Computers.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) The White Sand Dunes Of New Mexico Are A Weird And Wonderful Place. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Federal Student Aid: Highlights of a Study Group on Simplifying the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham AT (2012) Factorization of polynomials modulo a prime. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPIAGN: Undeclared Candidate; Where Perot Exhibits A Lifetime of Memories. New York Times 18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering with Computers
AbbreviationEng. Comput.
ISSN (print)0177-0667
ISSN (online)1435-5663
ScopeComputer Science Applications
General Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles