How to format your references using the Engineering with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sargis EJ (2002) Paleontology. Primate origins nailed. Science 298:1564–1565
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brown ME, Funk CC (2008) Climate. Food security under climate change. Science 319:580–581
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhao M, Kong L, Qu H (2014) A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Sci Rep 4:4176
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Siegert F, Ruecker G, Hinrichs A, Hoffmann AA (2001) Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño. Nature 414:437–440

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Häberlin H (2012) Photovoltaics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Ghoshal UC (2016) Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and its Disorders. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sarnowsky J (2007) Concepts of Impetus and the History of Mechanics. In: Laird WR, Roux S (eds) Mechanics and Natural Philosophy Before the Scientific Revolution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 121–145

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering with Computers.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) A Step By Step Guide On How To Remove Your Online Presence. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/a-step-by-step-guide-on-how-to-remove-your-online-presence/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) School Meal Programs: Implications of Adjusting Income Eligibility Thresholds and Reimbursement Rates by Geographic Differences. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith B (2013) Analysis of hydraulic and financial operations of a recycled water system: A case study of the Orange County water district’s green acres project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dudziak ML (2012) This War Is Not Over Yet. New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering with Computers
AbbreviationEng. Comput.
ISSN (print)0177-0667
ISSN (online)1435-5663
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Software
General Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles