How to format your references using the Engineering with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knapp S (2008) Genetics. Celebrating spuds. Science 321:206–207
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Spalding MD, Brown BE (2015) Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science 350:769–771
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bloss TA, Witze ES, Rothman JH (2003) Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 424:1066–1071
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ahluwalia J, Tinker A, Clapp LH, et al (2004) The large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel is essential for innate immunity. Nature 427:853–858

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Misstear B, Banks D, Clark L (2006) Water Wells and Boreholes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Membrey P (2009) The Definitive Guide to CentOS. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chang E-C, Li Q (2006) Hiding Secret Points Amidst Chaff. In: Vaudenay S (ed) Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2006: 24th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 28 - June 1, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 59–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering with Computers.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Let The People Decide New Place Names On Mercury And Pluto. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Humphreys BP (2013) The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2014) Friday File. New York Times C31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering with Computers
AbbreviationEng. Comput.
ISSN (print)0177-0667
ISSN (online)1435-5663
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Software
General Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles