How to format your references using the Pediatric Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2003) Fears for foreign physicists. Nature 424:979
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hirose T, Horvitz HR (2013) An Sp1 transcription factor coordinates caspase-dependent and -independent apoptotic pathways. Nature 500:354–358
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schmidt AR, Dörfelt H, Perrichot V (2007) Carnivorous fungi from Cretaceous amber. Science 318:1743
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Herndon LA, Schmeissner PJ, Dudaronek JM, et al (2002) Stochastic and genetic factors influence tissue-specific decline in ageing C. elegans. Nature 419:808–814

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McBain GD (2012) Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Du D-Z (2013) Connected Dominating Set: Theory and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Charpentier É, Vézina N (2016) Les effets exercés par les crises financières sur la force obligatoire des contrats: certitudes et incertitudes du droit québécois en matière d’imprévision. In: Başoğlu B (ed) The Effects of Financial Crises on the Binding Force of Contracts - Renegotiation, Rescission or Revision. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) Radical Overhaul Needed To Halt Earth’s Sixth Great Extinction Event. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1972) Administration of the Head Start Program by the Mountain Community Action Program, Inc. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Finnegan RJ (2010) Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B (2016) Metallica’s ‘Hardwired’ Hits No. 1 on Chart. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Radiology
AbbreviationPediatr. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0301-0449
ISSN (online)1432-1998
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles