How to format your references using the AIAA Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIAA Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spinrad, N., “New Ice Age, or Just Cold Feet?,” Nature, Vol. 405, No. 6787, 2000, p. 623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fallani, L., and Inguscio, M., “Physics. Controlling Cold-Atom Conductivity,” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 322, No. 5907, 2008, pp. 1480–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morgan, A. D., Gandon, S., and Buckling, A., “The Effect of Migration on Local Adaptation in a Coevolving Host-Parasite System,” Nature, Vol. 437, No. 7056, 2005, pp. 253–256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, C., Zheng, W., Wang, X., Zhang, H., Cui, X., and Wang, H., “Ultrahigh Capacitive Performance from Both Co(OH)₂/Graphene Electrode and K₃Fe(CN)₆ Electrolyte,” Scientific reports, Vol. 3, 2013, p. 2986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elliott, C. H., and Smith, L. L., “Overcoming Anxiety for Dummies®,” Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Ceri, S., and Brambilla, M., Eds., “Search Computing: Trends and Developments,” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemaire, F., and Ürgüplü, A., “MABSys: Modeling and Analysis of Biological Systems,” Algebraic and Numeric Biology: 4th International Conference, ANB 2010, Hagenberg, Austria, July 31- August 2, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, edited by K. Horimoto, M. Nakatsui, and N. Popov, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIAA Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., “Material Uses Insect Technology To Stay Dry Underwater,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Aug 21 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA: Shuttle Fleet’s Safe Return to Flight Is Key to Space Station Progress,” GAO-04-201T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, October 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klyce, L. R., “Assessing Parent-Child Agreement on an Eating Disorder Symptom Questionnaire,” Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., “The Green RV,” New York Times, Nov 07 2008, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIAA Journal
AbbreviationAIAA J.
ISSN (print)0001-1452
ISSN (online)1533-385X
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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