How to format your references using the AIAA Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIAA Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. “DNA Microarrays: More than Gene Expression.” Nature, Vol. 437, No. 7062, 2005, pp. 1195–1198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, T. F., and Kay, S. A. “Circadian Clocks in Daily and Seasonal Control of Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 301, No. 5631, 2003, pp. 326–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kersten, S., Desvergne, B., and Wahli, W. “Roles of PPARs in Health and Disease.” Nature, Vol. 405, No. 6785, 2000, pp. 421–424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Doh, Y.-J., van Dam, J. A., Roest, A. L., Bakkers, E. P. A. M., Kouwenhoven, L. P., and De Franceschi, S. “Tunable Supercurrent through Semiconductor Nanowires.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 309, No. 5732, 2005, pp. 272–275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous, B., Fa, R., and Nandi, A. K. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Nakanishi, S., Kageyama, R., and Watanabe, D., Eds. Systems Biology: The Challenge of Complexity. Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ryabov, V. V., Shevko, A. Y., and Gora, M. P. Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Traps. In Trap Magmatism and Ore Formation in the Siberian Noril’sk Region: Volume 1. Trap Petrology (A. Y. Shevko and M. P. Gora, eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014, pp. 207–273.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIAA Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. Marine Ecosystems Took 3 Million Years To Recover After The Great Dying. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. I. No. 1. Publication 141560. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger, M. E. Three Essays on Social Inequality and the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S., Haberman, M., and Apuzzo, M. “Wary of Mueller, Trump’s Team Is Investigating His Investigators.” New York Times, Jul 21, 2017, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIAA Journal
AbbreviationAIAA J.
ISSN (print)0001-1452
ISSN (online)1533-385X
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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