How to format your references using the AIAA Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIAA Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMillan, P. F. “Geochemistry. A Stranger in Paradise.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 310, No. 5751, 2005, pp. 1125–1126.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, G. C., and Bindoff, N. L. “Ocean Science. Warming the World’s Oceans.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 309, No. 5732, 2005, pp. 254–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeyl, C., Vanderford, T., and Carter, M. “An Evolutionary Advantage of Haploidy in Large Yeast Populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 299, No. 5606, 2003, pp. 555–558.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pilania, G., Thijsse, B. J., Hoagland, R. G., Lazić, I., Valone, S. M., and Liu, X.-Y. “Revisiting the Al/Al₂O₃ Interface: Coherent Interfaces and Misfit Accommodation.” Scientific reports, Vol. 4, 2014, p. 4485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini, R., and Baccini, A. Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
Hayashi, N. Asymptotics for Dissipative Nonlinear Equations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Gómez, N. J. Urban Quality of Life in Santa Fe Province: Demographic, Social and Territorial Processes Between 1991 and 2010. In Indicators of Quality of Life in Latin America (G. Tonon, ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp. 109–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIAA Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Human Spaceflight Launches Will Return to the United States. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Math and Science Materials. Publication GAO-01-81R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuite, J. Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Three East Antarctic Outlet Glaciers and Their Floating Ice Tongues. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. “An Artist’s Childhood, Etched in Trauma.” New York Times, Aug 14, 2017, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIAA Journal
AbbreviationAIAA J.
ISSN (print)0001-1452
ISSN (online)1533-385X
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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