How to format your references using the AIAA Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIAA Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Granovetter, M. “Social Science. Ignorance, Knowledge, and Outcomes in a Small World.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 301, No. 5634, 2003, pp. 773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukas, D., and Clutton-Brock, T. H. “The Evolution of Social Monogamy in Mammals.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 341, No. 6145, 2013, pp. 526–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Batista, C. A. S., Larson, R. G., and Kotov, N. A. “Nonadditivity of Nanoparticle Interactions.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 350, No. 6257, 2015, p. 1242477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rajagopalan, H., Bardelli, A., Lengauer, C., Kinzler, K. W., Vogelstein, B., and Velculescu, V. E. “Tumorigenesis: RAF/RAS Oncogenes and Mismatch-Repair Status.” Nature, Vol. 418, No. 6901, 2002, p. 934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian, M. N. Plastics Additives and Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Guelfi, N., and Savidis, A., Eds. Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: Second International Workshop, RISE 2005, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 8-9, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutson, J. M., and Beasley, S. W. Inguinoscrotal Lesions. In The Surgical Examination of Children (S. W. Beasley, ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp. 41–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIAA Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of Information Needed to Complete Financial Audit of the District of Columbia’s Dedicated Highway Fund for Fiscal Year 1996. Publication AIMD-97-73R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gan, K. A Parity-Violating Spin Rotation Measurement of Transversely Polarized Cold Neutrons Through a Liquid Helium Target. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chavez, L. “Fellow Republicans, Open Your Doors.” New York Times, Nov 17, 2005, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIAA Journal
AbbreviationAIAA J.
ISSN (print)0001-1452
ISSN (online)1533-385X
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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