How to format your references using the AIAA Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIAA Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., “Pharmacogenetics initiative galvanizes public and private sectors,” Nature, vol. 410, Mar. 2001, pp. 393–394.
A journal article with 2 authors
Attisano, L., and Wrana, J. L., “Signal transduction by the TGF-beta superfamily,” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 296, May 2002, pp. 1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook, R. L., Martin, P. J., and Geremia, J. M., “Optical coherent state discrimination using a closed-loop quantum measurement,” Nature, vol. 446, Apr. 2007, pp. 774–777.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smirnov, D. A., Morley, M., Shin, E., Spielman, R. S., and Cheung, V. G., “Genetic analysis of radiation-induced changes in human gene expression,” Nature, vol. 459, May 2009, pp. 587–591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., and Qiu, D., Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Loorbach, D., Wittmayer, J. M., Shiroyama, H., Fujino, J., and Mizuguchi, S., eds., Governance of Urban Sustainability Transitions: European and Asian Experiences, Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, H. D., and Poo, D. C. C., “Automated Mobile Health: Designing a Social Reasoning Platform for Remote Health Management,” Social Computing and Social Media: 8th International Conference, SCSM 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016. Proceedings, G. Meiselwitz, ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 34–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIAA Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., “E-Cigarette Vapor Shown To Repress Immune System,” IFLScience Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narayanan, B. C., “Structure function diversity within the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily as revealed by the enzymes oxaloacetate decarboxylase and 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K., and Mueller, B., “Escaped Killer Is Fatally Shot in New York,” New York Times, Jun. 2015, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAIAA Journal
AbbreviationAIAA J.
ISSN (print)0001-1452
ISSN (online)1533-385X
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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