How to format your references using the EuPA Open Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EuPA Open Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.A. Pielke Jr, Meteorology: are there trends in hurricane destruction?, Nature. 438 (2005) E11; discussion E13.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.C. Cushing, K.S. Anseth, Materials science. Hydrogel cell cultures, Science. 316 (2007) 1133–1134.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.M. Ferguson, A.P. Galvani, R.M. Bush, Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution, Nature. 422 (2003) 428–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.S. Wei, Y.A. Mei, A. Bagal, J.P. Kao, S.M. Thompson, C.M. Tang, Compartmentalized and binary behavior of terminal dendrites in hippocampal pyramidal neurons, Science. 293 (2001) 2272–2275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. McCallum, Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
T.-C. Wu, C.-L. Lei, V. Rijmen, D.-T. Lee, eds., Information Security: 11th International Conference, ISC 2008, Taipei, Taiwan, September 15-18, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Cowan, P. Smith, P. Christofilogiannis, Fish Vaccines: The Regulatory Process and Requirements from the Laboratory Bench to a Final Commercial Product, Including Field Trials, in: A. Adams (Ed.), Fish Vaccines, Springer, Basel, 2016: pp. 105–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EuPA Open Proteomics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Antarctic Glacier Collapse Means Sea-Level Rise Now ‘Unstoppable,’ IFLScience. (2014).‘unstoppable’/ (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Railroad Regulation: Changes in Railroad Rates and Service Quality Since 1990, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.F. Mac Garrigle, A validation of the enterprise management engineering approach to knowledge management systems engineering, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J. de la MERCED, Unilever to Buy South Korean Skin Care Specialist, New York Times. (2017) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuPA Open Proteomics
AbbreviationEuPA Open Proteom.
ISSN (print)2212-9685

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