How to format your references using the EuPA Open Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EuPA Open Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.L. Beaudet, Neuroscience. Preventable forms of autism?, Science. 338 (2012) 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Zoncu, D.M. Sabatini, Cell biology. The TASCC of secretion, Science. 332 (2011) 923–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.-X. Luo, Q. Ji, C.-X. Yuan, Convergent dental adaptations in pseudo-tribosphenic and tribosphenic mammals, Nature. 450 (2007) 93–97.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Alexopoulou, A.C. Holt, R. Medzhitov, R.A. Flavell, Recognition of double-stranded RNA and activation of NF-kappaB by Toll-like receptor 3, Nature. 413 (2001) 732–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.E. Sheriff, Y.F. Hu, Mobile Satellite Communication Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2001.
An edited book
M. Nowobilska, Potsdamer Platz: The Reshaping of Berlin, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Stoica, E. Sutter, R. Calarco, GaN and InN Nanowires: Growth and Optoelectronic Properties, in: V. Bârsan, A. Aldea (Eds.), Trends in Nanophysics: Theory, Experiment and Technology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EuPA Open Proteomics.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, What If Nature, Like Corporations, Had The Rights And Protections Of A Person?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Changing World of the Computer and Implications of ADP for GAO, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Smith, Meanings of “design” in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, A Shot That Sank a Season, New York Times. (2012) B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuPA Open Proteomics
AbbreviationEuPA Open Proteom.
ISSN (print)2212-9685

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