How to format your references using the Structural Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Structural Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chi KR (2009) Microscopy: Ever-increasing resolution. Nature 462:675–678
A journal article with 2 authors
Li N, Ren J (2014) Non-reciprocal geometric wave diode by engineering asymmetric shapes of nonlinear materials. Sci Rep 4:6228
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauf S, Waizenegger IC, Peters JM (2001) Cohesin cleavage by separase required for anaphase and cytokinesis in human cells. Science 293:1320–1323
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Isalan M, Lemerle C, Michalodimitrakis K, et al (2008) Evolvability and hierarchy in rewired bacterial gene networks. Nature 452:840–845

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham C (2014) Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Agrawal GK, Rakwal R (2012) Seed Development: OMICS Technologies toward Improvement of Seed Quality and Crop Yield: OMICS in Seed Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Gaiter JL, O’Leary A (2010) Disproportionate Drug Imprisonment Perpetuates the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in African American Communities. In: McCree DH, Jones K, O’Leary A (eds) African Americans and HIV/AIDS: Understanding and Addressing the Epidemic. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Structural Chemistry.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) By Jupiter, What We Know Of The Gas Giant So Far. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingston SE (2012) Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA (2007) Tools For Staying In Control. New York Times SPG9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStructural Chemistry
AbbreviationStruct. Chem.
ISSN (print)1040-0400
ISSN (online)1572-9001
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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