How to format your references using the Structural Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Structural Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leadlay PF (2014) Structural biology: enzyme assembly line pictured. Nature 510:482–483
A journal article with 2 authors
Mettetal JT, van Oudenaarden A (2007) Microbiology. Necessary noise. Science 317:463–464
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore WDS, Olson EA, Weber M (2013) Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci Rep 3:3457
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Clark PU, Mitrovica JX, Milne GA, Tamisiea ME (2002) Sea-level fingerprinting as a direct test for the source of global meltwater pulse IA. Science 295:2438–2441

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume SW (2011) High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Balzani V, Campagna S (2007) Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Canelas AML, Neves RFMF, Horta NCG (2013) Results. In: Neves RFMF, Horta NCG (eds) Investment Strategies Optimization based on a SAX-GA Methodology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 59–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Structural Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) The Bizarre Story Of Japan’s First Astronaut. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Transportation Security Administration: High-Level Attention Needed to Strengthen Acquisition Function. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vianna MH (2015) An exploration of the factors that influence Brazilian students’ fluency of English: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Third-Party Candidate; Perot’s Vision: Consensus by Computer. New York Times 11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStructural Chemistry
AbbreviationStruct. Chem.
ISSN (print)1040-0400
ISSN (online)1572-9001
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles