How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olsen, B.R.: Disease models: Statins give bone growth a boost. Nature. 513, 494–495 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Y., Ang, L.K.: Motion-induced radiation from electrons moving in Maxwell’s fish-eye. Sci. Rep. 3, 3065 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Inaba, M., Buszczak, M., Yamashita, Y.M.: Nanotubes mediate niche-stem-cell signalling in the Drosophila testis. Nature. 523, 329–332 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morton, P.E., Hicks, A., Nastos, T., Santis, G., Parsons, M.: CAR regulates epithelial cell junction stability through control of E-cadherin trafficking. Sci. Rep. 3, 2889 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E.G.: Hydromechanics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2011)
An edited book
Dorizzi, B., Chollet, G., Petrovska-Delacrétaz, D. eds: Guide to Biometric Reference Systems and Performance Evaluation. Springer, London (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, L., Liu, X., Petinakis, E., Dean, K., Bateman, S.: Starch Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites. In: Thomas, S., Visakh, P.M., and Mathew, A.P. (eds.) Advances in Natural Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites. pp. 121–154. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: What Will The World Actually Look Like At 1.5°C Of Warming?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Aviation: Consumers Could Benefit from Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Husted, C.L.: Systematic differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a corporate criminal profile possible?, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: ’04 Drug Retest May Give U.S. Olympic Gold, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olsen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Ang 2013; Olsen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Ang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Morton et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Des.
ISSN (print)1569-1713
ISSN (online)1573-8841
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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