How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design (Int J Mech Mater Des). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tammann, G.A.: Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Nature. 468, 898 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, M.S., Cho, J.: Physics. Teleporting a quantum state to distant matter. Science. 323, 469–470 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Luce, C.H., Abatzoglou, J.T., Holden, Z.A.: The missing mountain water: slower westerlies decrease orographic enhancement in the Pacific Northwest USA. Science. 342, 1360–1364 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, E.W., McDermott, G., Zgurskaya, H.I., Nikaido, H., Koshland, D.E., Jr: Structural basis of multiple drug-binding capacity of the AcrB multidrug efflux pump. Science. 300, 976–980 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, D.S.: Why Plato Wrote. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK (2012)
An edited book
Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. eds: Computer Networks: 16th Conference, CN 2009, Wisła, Poland, June 16-20, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Krieg, N.R.: Identification of Procaryotes. In: Brenner, D.J., Krieg, N.R., Staley, J.T., and Garrity, G.M. (eds.) Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part A Introductory Essays. pp. 33–38. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sydow, K.: A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M.: International Rents Per Square Foot, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2004; Shanklin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Cho 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Del Fresno et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Des.
ISSN (print)1569-1713
ISSN (online)1573-8841
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles