How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sosnick, T.R.: Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science. 306, 411; author reply 411 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ho, W.C.G., Heinke, C.O.: A neutron star with a carbon atmosphere in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant. Nature. 462, 71–73 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E.W., Jobling, M.A., Bradley, D.G.: Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature. 404, 351–352 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moqrich, A., Hwang, S.W., Earley, T.J., Petrus, M.J., Murray, A.N., Spencer, K.S.R., Andahazy, M., Story, G.M., Patapoutian, A.: Impaired thermosensation in mice lacking TRPV3, a heat and camphor sensor in the skin. Science. 307, 1468–1472 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayés de Luna, A.: Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Juang, J., Chen, C.-Y., Yang, C.-F. eds: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems (ICITES2013). Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Yousuf, T.B.: 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) in Bangladesh. In: Pariatamby, A. and Tanaka, M. (eds.) Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific Islands: Challenges and Strategic Solutions. pp. 61–75. Springer, Singapore (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Palaeolithic Diet And The Unprovable Links To Our Past,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Executive Office of the President: Analysis of EOP’s 1999 Information Technology Architecture Update and Capital Investment Plan Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkins, D.: The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: New Rule Proposed for Valuing Public Pension Finances, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sosnick 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ho and Heinke 2009; Sosnick 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ho and Heinke 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Moqrich et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Des.
ISSN (print)1569-1713
ISSN (online)1573-8841
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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