How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E.: Retraction signals end of cell-biology debate. Nature. 427, 574 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
McDonnell, D.P., Norris, J.D.: Connections and regulation of the human estrogen receptor. Science. 296, 1642–1644 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, L., Ploessl, K., Kung, H.F.: Chemistry. Expanding the scope of fluorine tags for PET imaging. Science. 342, 429–430 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lopes, M., Cotta-Ramusino, C., Pellicioli, A., Liberi, G., Plevani, P., Muzi-Falconi, M., Newlon, C.S., Foiani, M.: The DNA replication checkpoint response stabilizes stalled replication forks. Nature. 412, 557–561 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain, G.D.: Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Gong, Y.: Machine Learning for Multimedia Content Analysis. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Maalel, A., Mejri, L., Hadj-Mabrouk, H., Ben Ghézala, H.: Towards a Decision Support System for Security Analysis. In: Hanachi, C., Bénaben, F., and Charoy, F. (eds.) Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management in Mediterranean Countries: First International Conference, ISCRAM-med 2014, Toulouse, France, October 15-17, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 46–56. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Bronx Zoo Has Two New Gorillas!


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, S.L.: Psychologists’ use of, familiarity, and comfort with Alcoholics Anonymous Slogans in psychotherapy, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: In Death Row Case, Justices Order Retrial Over Evidence, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2004; McDonnell and Norris 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McDonnell and Norris 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lopes et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Des.
ISSN (print)1569-1713
ISSN (online)1573-8841
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles