How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S.: Bricks and mortar. Nature. 427, 660 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R.B., Hummer, G.: Biochemistry. Unfolding the secrets of calmodulin. Science. 323, 593–594 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogel, E.K., McCollough, A.W., Machizawa, M.G.: Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory. Nature. 438, 500–503 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fadrique, B., Báez, S., Duque, Á., Malizia, A., Blundo, C., Carilla, J., Osinaga-Acosta, O., Malizia, L., Silman, M., Farfán-Ríos, W., Malhi, Y., Young, K.R., Cuesta C, F., Homeier, J., Peralvo, M., Pinto, E., Jadan, O., Aguirre, N., Aguirre, Z., Feeley, K.J.: Widespread but heterogeneous responses of Andean forests to climate change. Nature. (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc.: Family Enterprise. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Yeung, D.S.: Sensitivity Analysis for Neural Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Ghezzi, C., Pezzè, M., Tamburrelli, G.: Improving Interaction with Services via Probabilistic Piggybacking. In: Basu, S., Pautasso, C., Zhang, L., and Fu, X. (eds.) Service-Oriented Computing: 11th International Conference, ICSOC 2013, Berlin, Germany, December 2-5, 2013, Proceedings. pp. 39–53. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: The iPhone 7’s Tagline Means Something Slightly Naughty In Hong Kong


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Policy, Plans, and Organization for Science and Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1974)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClimon, M.: A transformational approach to jazz harmony, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Best and Hummer 2009; Goodman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best and Hummer 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fadrique et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Des.
ISSN (print)1569-1713
ISSN (online)1573-8841
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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