How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T., 2004. Mining the proteome. Nature 430, 109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln, T.A., Joyce, G.F., 2009. Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science 323, 1229–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smolyaninov, I.I., Hung, Y.-J., Davis, C.C., 2007. Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range. Science 315, 1699–1701.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ning, W., Kong, F., Han, Y., Du, H., Yang, J., Tian, M., Zhang, Y., 2014. Robust surface state transport in thin bismuth nanoribbons. Sci. Rep. 4, 7086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous, B., Fa, R., Nandi, A.K., 2015. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Movahed, A., Gnanasegaran, G., Buscombe, J., Hall, M. (Eds.), 2009. Integrating Cardiology for Nuclear Medicine Physicians: A Guide to Nuclear Medicine Physicians. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ajwani, D., Meyerhenke, H., 2010. Chapter 5. Realistic Computer Models, in: Müller-Hannemann, M., Schirra, S. (Eds.), Algorithm Engineering: Bridging the Gap between Algorithm Theory and Practice, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 194–236.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Bright Spots Within Coral Reefs Suggest They Could Ultimately Be Saved [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Modernization: IRS Needs to Assess Design Alternatives for Its Electronic Filing System (No. IMTEC-89-33). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferreira, T.J., 2010. Fragmented: Moving Away from Control (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico’s Debt Rescue Plan Is Being Called Into Question. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman, 2004; Lincoln and Joyce, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lincoln and Joyce, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ning et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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