How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pusey, P.N., 2011. Physics. Brownian motion goes ballistic. Science 332, 802–803.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, C., Thompson, C.B., 2002. Cancer. DNA damage, deamidation, and death. Science 298, 1346–1347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harbaugh, W.T., Mayr, U., Burghart, D.R., 2007. Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science 316, 1622–1625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miller, J.M., Raymond, J., Fabian, A., Steeghs, D., Homan, J., Reynolds, C., van der Klis, M., Wijnands, R., 2006. The magnetic nature of disk accretion onto black holes. Nature 441, 953–955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stauffer, H.B., 2007. Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schiff, D., Kesari, S., Wen, P.Y. (Eds.), 2008. Cancer Neurology In Clinical Practice: Neurologic Complications of Cancer and Its Treatment, Second Edition. ed. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Orlov, Y.V., Aguilar, L.T., 2014. Elements of Nonsmooth Analysis, in: Aguilar, L.T. (Ed.), Advanced H∞ Control: Towards Nonsmooth Theory and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. This Great Infographic Breaks Down The Top 5 Misconceptions About Evolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Department of Education’s Update of the State and Other Tax Allowance for Student Aid Award Year 2005-2006 (No. GAO-05-408R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maloney, J.L., 2015. Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. With Loss and an Injury, It’s Just Another Day for the Mets. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pusey, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Thompson, 2002; Pusey, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Thompson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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