How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mascola, J.R., 2015. HIV. The modern era of HIV-1 vaccine development. Science 349, 139–140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deeks, S.G., Barré-Sinoussi, F., 2012. Public health: Towards a cure for HIV. Nature 487, 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonneh, Y.S., Cooperman, A., Sagi, D., 2001. Motion-induced blindness in normal observers. Nature 411, 798–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rogaev, E.I., Grigorenko, A.P., Faskhutdinova, G., Kittler, E.L.W., Moliaka, Y.K., 2009. Genotype analysis identifies the cause of the “royal disease.” Science 326, 817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, M., 2005. Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pradalier, C., Siegwart, R., Hirzinger, G. (Eds.), 2011. Robotics Research: The 14th International Symposium ISRR, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Islam, S., Hossain, I., 2015. Women in Employment: Local Dynamics, Global Pressures, in: Hossain, I. (Ed.), Social Justice in the Globalization of Production: Labor, Gender, and the Environment Nexus. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Large Feathered, Winged Dinosaur Was Close Relative Of Velociraptor [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Human Factors: Status of Efforts to Integrate Research on Human Factors Into FAA’s Activities (No. RCED-96-151). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solomon, R.B., 2017. Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A., Schweber, N., 2016. Robbery Suspect Trying to Hide During Roundup Falls to His Death. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mascola, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Deeks and Barré-Sinoussi, 2012; Mascola, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deeks and Barré-Sinoussi, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rogaev et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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