How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A., 2000. LIVING WITH A STAR: Controversy Flares Up Over NASA Solar Project. Science 289, 528–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donia, M.S., Fischbach, M.A., 2015. HUMAN MICROBIOTA. Small molecules from the human microbiota. Science 349, 1254766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbeeck, J., Tian, H., Schattschneider, P., 2010. Production and application of electron vortex beams. Nature 467, 301–304.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rawat, U.B.S., Zavialov, A.V., Sengupta, J., Valle, M., Grassucci, R.A., Linde, J., Vestergaard, B., Ehrenberg, M., Frank, J., 2003. A cryo-electron microscopic study of ribosome-bound termination factor RF2. Nature 421, 87–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B.J., 2006. Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Proulx, T. (Ed.), 2011. Civil Engineering Topics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, X., Cheng, Y., 2013. AOM-Assisted Zapping Acceleration for IPTV, in: Cheng, Y. (Ed.), Scalable Multicasting over Next-Generation Internet: Design, Analysis and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 103–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. More American Grandparents Are Using Marijuana Than Ever Before [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Payments by DOD for Contractors’ Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs (No. B-167034). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P.A., 2012. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Desire to Aid Others Collides With Financial Need. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Donia and Fischbach, 2015; Lawler, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donia and Fischbach, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rawat et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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