How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H., 2015. Prostate cancer. Nature 528, S117.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roderick, M.L., Farquhar, G.D., 2002. The cause of decreased pan evaporation over the past 50 years. Science 298, 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fitch, J.P., Raber, E., Imbro, D.R., 2003. Technology challenges in responding to biological or chemical attacks in the civilian sector. Science 302, 1350–1354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moles, A.T., Ackerly, D.D., Webb, C.O., Tweddle, J.C., Dickie, J.B., Westoby, M., 2005. A brief history of seed size. Science 307, 576–580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jacquenet, C., Bourdon, G., Boucadair, M., 2008. Service Automation and Dynamic Provisioning Techniques in IP/MPLS Environments. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Studený, M., 2005. On Probabilistic Conditional Independence Structures, Information Science and Statistics. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia, K.B., Malabrigo, P.L., Gevaña, D.T., 2014. Philippines’ Mangrove Ecosystem: Status, Threats and Conservation, in: Faridah-Hanum, I., Latiff, A., Hakeem, K.R., Ozturk, M. (Eds.), Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia: Status, Challenges and Management Strategies. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Russian Company Announces It Is Planning To Build A Lunar Base [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Strong Central Management of Office Automation Will Boost Productivity (No. AFMD-82-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe, C.A., 2008. The impact of federal policy on teachers’ use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Feast for Actors, With One in the Kitchen. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brody, 2015; Roderick and Farquhar, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roderick and Farquhar, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Moles et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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