How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2014. Born in the blood. Nature 515, S158-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Booth, B., Bellouin, N., 2015. Climate change: Black carbon and atmospheric feedbacks. Nature 519, 167–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aizen, M.A., Sabatino, M., Tylianakis, J.M., 2012. Specialization and rarity predict nonrandom loss of interactions from mutualist networks. Science 335, 1486–1489.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, M., Zuo, G., Chen, J., Gao, Y., Fang, H., 2013. Aggregated gas molecules: toxic to protein? Sci. Rep. 3, 1660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T., 2016. Digital Electronics 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Akhmet, M., 2016. Replication of Chaos in Neural Networks, Economics and Physics, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Nonlinear Physical Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jesi, G.P., Montresor, A., Babaoglu, O., 2006. Proximity-Aware Superpeer Overlay Topologies, in: Keller, A., Martin-Flatin, J.-P. (Eds.), Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Doctors have cleared second baby of HIV [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Intercity Passenger Rail: Outlook for Improving Amtrak’s Financial Health (No. T-RCED-98-134). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shimizu, K., 2013. The Procurement System of the Japanese Space Agency: Present Challenges, Future Promise (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2014. Debutantes in Laredo, Surprisingly Colonial. New York Times A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Booth and Bellouin, 2015; Savage, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Booth and Bellouin, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Economics
AbbreviationJ. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1104-6899
Geography, Planning and Development

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