How to format your references using the Aesthetic Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glass L (2001) Synchronization and rhythmic processes in physiology. Nature 410:277–284
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu ET, Love SG (2005) Gravitational tractor for towing asteroids. Nature 438:177–178
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen H, Westhof E, Johansen S (2005) An mRNA is capped by a 2’, 5’ lariat catalyzed by a group I-like ribozyme. Science 309:1584–1587
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li H, Zhou W, Liu Y, et al (2014) Preliminary investigation of an SOI-based arrayed waveguide grating demodulation integration microsystem. Sci Rep 4:4848

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spector P (2016) Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Beckert B, Damiani F, Boer FS de, Bonsangue MM (2013) Formal Methods for Components and Objects: 10th International Symposium, FMCO 2011, Turin, Italy, October 3-5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gaiardelli P, Songini L, Saccani N (2014) The Automotive Industry: Heading Towards Servitization in Turbulent Times. In: Lay G (ed) Servitization in Industry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Did Seaweed Help Our Early Ancestors Become Human? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve Efficiency and Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douville S (2014) The lived experience of being a European wife to a U.S. Marine: A heuristic study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) Was That a Presidential Debate or a Pitch for an Edgy Trump Channel? New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAesthetic Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationAesthetic Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0364-216X
ISSN (online)1432-5241

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