How to format your references using the Aesthetic Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller R (2002) Shaping the vertebrate body plan by polarized embryonic cell movements. Science 298:1950–1954
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilf RJC, Dutzler R (2008) X-ray structure of a prokaryotic pentameric ligand-gated ion channel. Nature 452:375–379
A journal article with 3 authors
Vieira-Pires RS, Szollosi A, Morais-Cabral JH (2013) The structure of the KtrAB potassium transporter. Nature 496:323–328
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schumacher MA, Miller MC, Grkovic S, et al (2001) Structural mechanisms of QacR induction and multidrug recognition. Science 294:2158–2163

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lippold JC (2015) Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Markon S (2006) Control of Traffic Systems in Buildings. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Chapovetsky V, Gattegno T, Admon A (2007) Proteomics analysis of the developing fish oocyte. In: Babin PJ, Cerdà J, Lubzens E (eds) The Fish Oocyte: From Basic Studies to Biotechnological Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 99–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) So Your Teenager Is Vaping E-Cigarettes – Should You Worry? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Drug Testing: Undercover Tests Reveal Significant Vulnerabilities in DOT’s Drug Testing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson S (2017) Searching for Identity and Truth: How Letter Writing Creates Identity in Victorian Literature. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wogan J (2016) Accommodations; Equestrian Escape. New York Times ST3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAesthetic Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationAesthetic Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0364-216X
ISSN (online)1432-5241

Other styles