How to format your references using the Advances in Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Villeneuve DM. Physics. Toward creating a Rutherford atom. Science. 2005;307(5716):1730-1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao L, Theuns T. Lighting the universe with filaments. Science. 2007;317(5844):1527-1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr D, Zimmerman C, Jirout J. Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science. 2011;333(6045):971-975.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mai S, Walker GE, Brunani A, et al. Inherent insulin sensitivity is a major determinant of multimeric adiponectin responsiveness to short-term weight loss in extreme obesity. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsui JB-Y. Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Scarabino T, Salvolini U, Randy Jinkins J, eds. Emergency Neuroradiology. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Smaller H. Overview of Teachers’ Work and Learning. In: Clark R, Livingstone DW, Smaller H, eds. Teacher Learning and Power in the Knowledge Society. SensePublishers; 2012:69-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Fossil Evidence Suggests There Have Been 6 Mass Extinctions, Not 5. IFLScience. Published April 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Payment to Counties: More Clarity Could Help Ensure County Expenditures Are Consistent with Key Parts of the Secure Rural Schools Act. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Name J. Boolean Partition Algebras. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. Mom Started a Job, So Dad Is Nervous About All His New Responsibilities. New York Times. October 23, 2016:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationAdv. Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2452-1094
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles