How to format your references using the Advances in Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lellouch E. Planetary science. Titan’s zoo of clouds. Science. 2006;311(5758):186-187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjerrum CJ, Canfield DE. Ocean productivity before about 1.9 Gyr ago limited by phosphorus adsorption onto iron oxides. Nature. 2002;417(6885):159-162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zylka MJ, Philpot BD, King IF. Zylka et al. reply. Nature. 2014;512(7512):E2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Höhr AIC, Lindau C, Wirth C, et al. Membrane protein insertion through a mitochondrial β-barrel gate. Science. 2018;359(6373).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strachman D, Bookbinder R. Fund of Funds Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Retolaza JL. Social Accounting for Sustainability: Monetizing the Social Value. (San-José L, Ruíz-Roqueñi M, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott J, Stoeckli E. Tactile Perception. In: Scott J, Stoeckli E, eds. Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research. Springer; 2012:87-116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Particle Physicists Spot Hints of Dark Matter. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle Facility Program: More Definitive Cost Information Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard K. College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A Tea ‘Room,’ on 2 Floors. New York Times. May 3, 2009:NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationAdv. Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2452-1094
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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