How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grangier P 2011 Physics. Make it quantum and continuous Science 332 313–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Ware D M and Thomson R E 2005 Bottom-up ecosystem trophic dynamics determine fish production in the Northeast Pacific Science 308 1280–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarduno J A, Cottrell R D and Smirnov A V 2001 High geomagnetic intensity during the mid-Cretaceous from Thellier analyses of single plagioclase crystals Science 291 1779–83
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lowenstein T K, Timofeeff M N, Brennan S T, Hardie L A and Demicco R V 2001 Oscillations in Phanerozoic seawater chemistry: evidence from fluid inclusions Science 294 1086–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy D J 2006 Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering (Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
An edited book
Rhodes C 2016 Windows Installation and Update Troubleshooting ed A Bettany (Berkeley, CA: Apress)
A chapter in an edited book
Benedetto J J and Begué M J 2015 Fourier Operators in Applied Harmonic Analysis Sampling Theory, a Renaissance: Compressive Sensing and Other Developments Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis ed G E Pfander (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 185–215

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Andrews R 2017 How To See Tonight’s Peak Of The Eta Aquariid Meteor Shower IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mackay E A 2009 Title I funding allocation of reserve funds after increased standards for academic proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2010 Shop Till You’re Thirsty New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles