How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls H 2009 Darwin 200: A flight of fancy Nature 457 790–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Federman S R and Young E D 2009 Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO” Science 324 1516; author reply 1516
A journal article with 3 authors
Teuten E L, Xu L and Reddy C M 2005 Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products Science 307 917–20
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Campbell A M, Eckdahl T T, Fowlks E, Heyer L J, Mays Hoopes L L, Ledbetter M L and Rosenwald A G 2006 Collaborative programs. Genome Consortium for Active Teaching (GCAT) Science 311 1103–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norris L 2014 Transplant Administration (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Goin F 2016 A Brief History of South American Metatherians: Evolutionary Contexts and Intercontinental Dispersals ed M Woodburne, A N Zimicz, G M Martin and L Chornogubsky (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Murayama A 2016 Land Use Planning for Depopulating and Aging Society in Japan Urban Resilience: A Transformative Approach Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications ed Y Yamagata and H Maruyama (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 79–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S 2017 People With Chronic Fatigue Have A Defective Channel In Immune System Cells IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016 Higher Education: Actions Needed to Improve Access to Federal Financial Assistance for Homeless and Foster Youth (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez M C 2015 Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner D, Senior J, Jennings D and Gustines G G 2016 Who Needs Wrapping? They’re Already Covered New York Times C26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles