How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2004 Ghosts in the machine Nature 427 867
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada J L and Lazcano A 2002 Origin of life. Some like it hot, but not the first biomolecules Science 296 1982–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrari G, Stornaiuolo A and Mavilio F 2001 Failure to correct murine muscular dystrophy Nature 411 1014–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nicolosi I, Caracciolo F D, Branca S, Ventura G and Chiappini M 2014 Volcanic conduit migration over a basement landslide at Mount Etna (Italy) Sci. Rep. 4 5293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurimoto N, Fielding D I K and Musani A I 2011 Endobronchial Ultrasonography (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Rojas I, Joya G and Catala A 2015 Advances in Computational Intelligence: 13th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2015, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, June 10-12, 2015. Proceedings, Part I vol 9094 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Buchheim C, Ebner D, Jünger M, Klau G W, Mutzel P and Weiskircher R 2006 Exact Crossing Minimization Graph Drawing: 13th International Symposium, GD 2005, Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005. Revised Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed P Healy and N S Nikolov (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Eerie Sound Detected Coming From Rosetta’s Comet IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997 Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Durak D 2016 Improving forecasting accuracy of electric switch demand using artificial neural network and aggregate customer clustering techniques Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) S K 2004 World Briefing | Asia: China And Russia Settle Last Border Dispute New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles