How to format your references using the BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Parak, Rudolf L. Mössbauer (1929-2011), Nature. 478 (2011) 325.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.M. Winslow, G.R. Crabtree, Immunology. Decoding calcium signaling, Science. 307 (2005) 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.P. Knauth, D.M. Burt, K.H. Wohletz, Impact origin of sediments at the Opportunity landing site on Mars, Nature. 438 (2005) 1123–1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Ni, K. Yao, H. Fu, G. Gao, S. Zhu, S. Wang, Spin seebeck effect and thermal colossal magnetoresistance in graphene nanoribbon heterojunction, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Nash, Diabetes and Wellbeing, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
S.C. Mukhopadhyay, ed., Next Generation Sensors and Systems, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Basu, B. Bonakdarpour, M. Bozga, J. Sifakis, Systematic Correct Construction of Self-stabilizing Systems: A Case Study, in: S. Dolev, J. Cobb, M. Fischer, M. Yung (Eds.), Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 12th International Symposium, SSS 2010, New York, NY, USA, September 20-22, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 4–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Mystery Of Massive “Bubble” In The Night Sky Remains Unsolved, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airline Deregulation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Competition in Several Key Domestic Markets, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Lee, Subjective strain, anger, and delinquency: Evidence from South Korea, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Southall, Makeover Set for Police Building at Heart of a Sleeker Times Sq, New York Times. (2016) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Molecular Basis of Disease
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Mol. Basis Dis.
ISSN (print)0925-4439
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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