How to format your references using the BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Lavé, Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy, Nature. 520 (2015) 442–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Saviane, R.A. Silver, Fast vesicle reloading and a large pool sustain high bandwidth transmission at a central synapse, Nature. 439 (2006) 983–987.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.D. Green, J.D. Watson, F.S. Collins, Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology, Nature. 526 (2015) 29–31.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Yan, H. Yu, W. Xing, Y. Xiao, H. Zhang, L. Pei, N. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Development of a proficiency testing program for the HIV-1 BED incidence assay in China, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Gardi, T. Benoist, J. Darlay, B. Estellon, R. Megel, Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Q. Zheng, ed., Introduction to E-commerce, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Hening, Policy and Advocacy: Role of Civil Society in Disaster Management Bill Processes in Indonesia, in: R. Shaw, T. Izumi (Eds.), Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction: The Asian Dilemma, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014: pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Leidenfrost Effect Can Make Water Flow Uphill, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Maritime Administration: Weaknesses Identified in Management of the Title XI Loan Guarantee Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Powers, Teachers’ perceptions of the effects of No Child Left Behind on classroom instruction: A cross case analysis applying Dewey’s theory of instructional methods, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Muni Bonds Not as Safe As Thought, New York Times. (2012) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Molecular Basis of Disease
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Mol. Basis Dis.
ISSN (print)0925-4439
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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