How to format your references using the BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Janvier, Facts and fancies about early fossil chordates and vertebrates, Nature. 520 (2015) 483–489.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Sprent, D.F. Tough, T cell death and memory, Science. 293 (2001) 245–248.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.R. Gilbert, P.G. Jarvis, H. Smith, Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees, Nature. 411 (2001) 792–795.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Xiu, N.L. Puskar, J.A.P. Shanata, H.A. Lester, D.A. Dougherty, Nicotine binding to brain receptors requires a strong cation-pi interaction, Nature. 458 (2009) 534–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Katsilambros, C. Kanaka-Gantenbein, S. Liatis, K. Makrilakis, N. Tentolouris, Diabetic Emergencies, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
V.A. Erdmann, J. Barciszewski, eds., RNA Technologies and Their Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Chitchyan, J. Fabry, S. Katz, A. Rensink, Editorial for Special Section on Dependencies and Interactions with Aspects, in: A. Rashid, H. Ossher (Eds.), Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development V, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 133–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Physicists Use Einstein’s ‘Spooky’ Entanglement To Invent Super-Sensitive Gravitational Wave Detector, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Contracts: Army Needs to Correct Budget Disclosure Deficiencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.W. Ho, Music genre on the move: Discourse and the cultural production of Japanese visual rock in Hong Kong, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer, New York Times. (2017) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Molecular Basis of Disease
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Mol. Basis Dis.
ISSN (print)0925-4439
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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