How to format your references using the Advances in Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Harwood C. A microbiologist hopes to disrupt bacterial “decisions.” Nature 2008;455:5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wentz FJ, Ricciardulli L. Comment on “Global trends in wind speed and wave height.” Science 2011;334:905; author reply 905.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lam E, Kato N, Lawton M. Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature 2001;411:848–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hussain S, Rodriguez-Fernandez M, Braun GB, Doyle FJ 3rd, Ruoslahti E. Quantity and accessibility for specific targeting of receptors in tumours. Sci Rep 2014;4:5232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chartered Institute of Building. Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Tiropanis T, Vakali A, Sartori L, Burnap P, editors. Internet Science: Second International Conference, INSCI 2015, Brussels, Belgium, May 27-29, 2015, Proceedings. vol. 9089. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pupo JCP, Pupo JCP, Pupo JCP, Escobar RR, Mejia EG, de la Rosa Pérez C. Air Space and Bronchi – II. In: Pedrozo Pupo JC, editor. Learning Chest Imaging, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 107–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Medical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Scientists Develop Shatterproof iPhone Screens. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-develop-shatterproof-iphone-screens/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Free Legal Services for the Poor: Increased Coordination, Community Legal Education, and Outreach Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Blackmar MD. Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. A County In Alabama Puts Off Bankruptcy. New York Times 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Medical Sciences
AbbreviationAdv. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1896-1126
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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