How to format your references using the Advances in Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lewis J. From signals to patterns: space, time, and mathematics in developmental biology. Science 2008;322:399–403.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gordon LM, Joester D. Nanoscale chemical tomography of buried organic-inorganic interfaces in the chiton tooth. Nature 2011;469:194–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sakai T, Larsen M, Yamada KM. Fibronectin requirement in branching morphogenesis. Nature 2003;423:876–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Smith AE, Slepchenko BM, Schaff JC, Loew LM, Macara IG. Systems analysis of Ran transport. Science 2002;295:488–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Tattar PN, Ramaiah S, Manjunath BG. A Course in Statistics With R. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Cheloukhine S. Russian Organized Corruption Networks and their International Trajectories. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang X, Yang X, Li Q. The Data Envelopment Analysis of Eco-efficiency in Western China from 2000 to 2010. In: Li M, Zhang Q, Zhang R, Shi X, editors. Proceedings of 2014 1st International Conference on Industrial Economics and Industrial Security, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Medical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. These Six Utopian Cities Of The Future Will Help You Re-Imagine Life On Earth. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/these-six-utopian-cities-of-the-future-will-help-you-re-imagine-life-on-earth/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Comprehensive Review of U.S. Spectrum Management with Broad Stakeholder Involvement Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Garyan D. Converging origins: Never forget what happened in the future. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. Saint Hillary. New York Times 1993:622.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Medical Sciences
AbbreviationAdv. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1896-1126
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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