How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, B. E. (2002). Structure. Nitrogenase reveals its inner secrets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1654–1655.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, T., & Coomes, D. A. (2012). Comment on “Plant species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 155; author reply 155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rodell, M., Velicogna, I., & Famiglietti, J. S. (2009). Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India. Nature, 460(7258), 999–1002.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, H., Li, L., Wang, Y., & Wang, R. (2014). Shape-controllable formation of poly-imidazolium salts for stable palladium N-heterocyclic carbene polymers. Scientific reports, 4, 5478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington, S. (2011). How to Know. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ravi, S. S., & Shukla, S. K. (Eds.). (2009). Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, W. (2015). Structural Engineering of Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) and Applications. In D. Losic & A. Santos (Eds.), Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications (pp. 107–153). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, November 3). NASA’s Huge New Space Telescope Is Finally Complete. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges (No. GAO-06-1091T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, H. (2010). Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2010, October 30). Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jucker and Coomes 2012; Smith 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker and Coomes 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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