How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharp, K. A. (2014). Biochemistry. Protein folding, interrupted. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6172), 743–744.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, F., & Wills, B. J. (2001). Discovery of hidden blazars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), 2050–2053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas, I., Helbing, D., & Vicsek, T. (2002). Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature, 419(6903), 131–132.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, Y., Meng, J., Wang, Y., & Li, C. (2005). Large Mesozoic mammals fed on young dinosaurs. Nature, 433(7022), 149–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer, P. D. (2005). Mathematical Journeys. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, Y. (Ed.). (2012). Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 1: Intelligent Ubiquitous Computing and Education (Vol. 116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdonschot, P. F. M. (2006). Data composition and taxonomic resolution in macroinvertebrate stream typology. In M. T. Furse, D. Hering, K. Brabec, A. Buffagni, L. Sandin, & P. F. M. Verdonschot (Eds.), The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods (pp. 59–74). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 20). Dawn Space Probe Sends New Images of Dwarf Planet Ceres. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart (No. B-203515). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharma, V. (2017). Functional Characterization of Na+/Ca2+ Exchangers in Caenorhabditis elegans (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff, B. (2016, August 19). An Online Record Shop for the Faster, Punker Set. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharp 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ma and Wills 2001; Sharp 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma and Wills 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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