How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan, M. (2009). Astronomy. Re-viewing an old comet reservoir. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1211–1212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poliakoff, M., & King, P. (2001). Phenomenal fluids. Nature, 412(6843), 125.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S.-B., Imboden, M., & Mohanty, P. (2007). Synchronized oscillation in coupled nanomechanical oscillators. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 95–99.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, S., Kanemitsu, Y., Fujitani, M., & Yamashita, T. (2014). The newly identified migration inhibitory protein regulates the radial migration in the developing neocortex. Scientific reports, 4, 5984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nomura, S. (2016). Micromechanics with Mathematica. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ramasami, P., Gupta Bhowon, M., Jhaumeer Laulloo, S., & Li Kam Wah, H. (Eds.). (2016). Crystallizing Ideas – The Role of Chemistry. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Riehle, K. J., & Fausto, N. (2014). Mechanisms of Liver Injury. In K. F. Murray & S. Horslen (Eds.), Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management (pp. 67–83). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). New Collection Of Artwork Commissioned By Gates Foundation Reminds Us Of The Importance Of Vaccination. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Excess Classroom Space--A Case for Better Planning (No. GGD-76-73). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, T. A. (2012). Improving Scores on Computerized Reading Assessments: The Effects of Colored Overlay Use (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, January 30). For Men’s Title Match, Fans Reach Deep Into Their Pockets. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duncan 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan 2009; Poliakoff and King 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poliakoff and King 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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