How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andelman, S. J. (2011). Conservation science outside the comfort zone. Nature, 475(7356), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marone, F., & Romanowicz, B. (2007). The depth distribution of azimuthal anisotropy in the continental upper mantle. Nature, 447(7141), 198–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cysouw, M., Dediu, D., & Moran, S. (2012). Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 657; author reply 657.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kopp, R. E., Simons, F. J., Mitrovica, J. X., Maloof, A. C., & Oppenheimer, M. (2009). Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage. Nature, 462(7275), 863–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jackson, J. (2012). Political Oratory and Cartooning. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nicolais, L., Meo, M., & Milella, E. (Eds.). (2011). Composite Materials: A Vision for the Future. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, Q.-D., Gao, Y., Rajalingham, G., & Le-Ngoc, T. (2014). Performance and Feasibility of GPSR and RPL in NANs. In Y. Gao, G. Rajalingham, & T. Le-Ngoc (Eds.), Wireless Communications Networks for the Smart Grid (pp. 71–97). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 29). The Mysterious CERN Detection Might Be More Than One Particle. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Transportation Infrastructure: Better Data Needed to Rate the Nation’s Highway Conditions (No. RCED-99-264). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. (2010). Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kershner, I., & Hubbard, B. (2016, December 21). Hezbollah Is Using U.S.-Made Armor in Syria, Israel Says. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Andelman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Andelman 2011; Marone and Romanowicz 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marone and Romanowicz 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kopp et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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