How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald, G. A. (2015). BIOMEDICINE. Bringing PGE₂ in from the cold. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1208–1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Danku, Z., & Kun, F. (2013). Creep rupture as a non-homogeneous Poissonian process. Scientific reports, 3, 2688.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A. J., Kimmelman, J., & Emborg, M. E. (2010). Research ethics. Beyond access vs. protection in trials of innovative therapies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 829–830.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Neese, B., Chu, B., Lu, S.-G., Wang, Y., Furman, E., & Zhang, Q. M. (2008). Large electrocaloric effect in ferroelectric polymers near room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 821–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajorski, P. (2011). Statistics for Imaging, Optics, and Photonics: Bajorski/Statistics for Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abtew, W. (2013). Evaporation and Evapotranspiration: Measurements and Estimations. (A. Melesse, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhuang, C., & Feng, S. (2012). Reuse the Deleted Labels for Vector Order-Based Dynamic XML Labeling Schemes. In S. W. Liddle, K.-D. Schewe, A. M. Tjoa, & X. Zhou (Eds.), Database and Expert Systems Applications: 23rd International Conference, DEXA 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 41–54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 28). Naked Penguin Gets A New Wetsuit For Winter. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Tax Systems Modernization: Input Processing Strategy is Risky and Lacks a Sound Analytical Basis (No. T-IMTEC-92-15). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dennard, B. (2017). The Impact of Racial Centrality on Authenticity and the Race-Based Impression Management Strategies of Black Management Consultants (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2017, April 11). Level Up. New York Times, p. MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (FitzGerald 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Danku and Kun 2013; FitzGerald 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Danku and Kun 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Neese et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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