How to format your references using the Adolescent Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adolescent Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). Unesco “worse than I imagined,” says new director. Nature, 404(6774), 113.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen, R., & Hubisz, M. J. (2005). Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature, 433(7023), E6; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakamura, K., Takahashi, Y., & Fujiwara, T. (2014). Low-temperature excess heat capacity in fresnoite glass and crystal. Scientific reports, 4, 6523.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Homes, C. C., Vogt, T., Shapiro, S. M., Wakimoto, S., & Ramirez, A. P. (2001). Optical response of high-dielectric-constant perovskite-related oxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 673–676.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El Hami, A., & Radi, B. (2013). Uncertainty and Optimization in Structural Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Zhang, X., Reyes García, C. A., & Zhang, L. (Eds.). (2010). Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6216). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen, E., & Tsesis, I. (2014). Surgical Anesthesia: When a Tool Becomes a Weapon. In I. Tsesis (Ed.), Complications in Endodontic Surgery: Prevention, Identification and Management (pp. 53–60). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adolescent Research Review.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, January 13). Thieves Can Steal Your Fingerprints From Your Selfies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Earth Observing System: Concentration on Near-Term EOSDIS Development May Jeopardize Long-Term Success (No. T-AIMD-95-103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M. K. (2012). A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, June 8). Juliana Koo, 111; Wrote Life Story at 104. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Nielsen and Hubisz 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Hubisz 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Homes et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdolescent Research Review
AbbreviationAdolesc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)2363-8346
ISSN (online)2363-8354

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