How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zatz, M. 2005. Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5718):55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yen, H.-C. S., and S. J. Elledge. 2008. Identification of SCF ubiquitin ligase substrates by global protein stability profiling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5903):923–929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guedes, J. D., R. K. Bocinsky, and E. E. Butler. 2015. Asian archaeology. Comment on "Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. ". Science (New York, N.Y.) 348(6237):872.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lewis, S., T. N. Sherratt, K. C. Hamer, and S. Wanless. 2001. Evidence of intra-specific competition for food in a pelagic seabird. Nature 412(6849):816–819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B., and H. D. Lehmann. 2015. Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Stamm, M., editor. 2008. Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces: Characterization, Modification and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Prandtstetter, M., U. Ritzinger, P. Schmidt, and M. Ruthmair. 2015. A Variable Neighborhood Search Approach for the Interdependent Lock Scheduling Problem. Pages 36–47 in G. Ochoa and F. Chicano, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 15th European Conference, EvoCOP 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 8-10, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016, September 29. First Cloud Of Complex Chemicals Found Around A Star Outside Our Galaxy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Intellectual Property: Deposits of Biological Materials in Support of Certain Patent Applications. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-01-49, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, D. A. 2013. Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2013, October 25. Hitting the Wall: For Marathon Charities, Numbers Are Slowing. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zatz 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Zatz 2005; Yen and Elledge 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yen and Elledge 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lewis et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles