How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingstone, D. A. 2003. Ecology. Global climate change strikes a tropical lake. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5632):468–469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenuwein, T., and C. D. Allis. 2001. Translating the histone code. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5532):1074–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zinchuk, V., Y. Wu, and O. Grossenbacher-Zinchuk. 2013. Bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative colocalization results in fluorescence microscopy studies. Scientific reports 3:1365.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, J., J. Kim, J. Kang, and D. Jo. 2014. Partial somatic to stem cell transformations induced by cell-permeable reprogramming factors. Scientific reports 4:4361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zadora, G., A. Martyna, D. Ramos, and C. Aitken. 2013. Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Holzinger, A., M. Ziefle, and C. Röcker, editors. 2014. Pervasive Health: State-of-the-art and Beyond. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jackson, D. 2012. A New, Node-Focused Model for Genetic Programming. Pages 49–60 in A. Moraglio, S. Silva, K. Krawiec, P. Machado, and C. Cotta, editors. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014, July 16. Non-Human DNA Discovered During Biopsy Of Ötzi The Iceman. IFLScience.ötzi-iceman/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Compensation for Service as Teacher With the Overseas Dependents Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-186970, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romer, C. 2017. WhatsUpDoc: A Patient Portal Technology. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tanenhaus, S. 2014, July 2. The Spirit of ’14. New York Times:MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingstone 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jenuwein and Allis 2001; Livingstone 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenuwein and Allis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles