How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Covington, M. 2005. Applied physics. A ringing confirmation of spintronics theory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5707):215–216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiers, E. T., and S. A. West. 2015. Evolutionary biology. Evolving new organisms via symbiosis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348(6233):392–394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuff, J., J. Wade, and B. J. Wood. 2013. Volcanism on Mars controlled by early oxidation of the upper mantle. Nature 498(7454):342–345.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Strigari, L. E., J. S. Bullock, M. Kaplinghat, J. D. Simon, M. Geha, B. Willman, and M. G. Walker. 2008. A common mass scale for satellite galaxies of the Milky Way. Nature 454(7208):1096–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner, K., and W. Rug. 2016. Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Spotts, H. E., editor. 2015. Revolution in Marketing: Market Driving Changes: Proceedings of the 2006 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Séguy, I., and L. Buchet. 2013. Establishing a Reference Population. Pages 53–81 in L. Buchet, editor. Handbook of Palaeodemography. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, May 14. Robotic Octopus Arm Could Revolutionize Surgery. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Northern Arizona University and Participating Schools on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-164031(1), Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, B. D. 2015. Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy, M., and S. Kishkovsky. 2013, March 16. Bolshoi Director Is Upbeat About His Recovery. New York Times:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Covington 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Covington 2005; Kiers and West 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiers and West 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Strigari et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles