How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. 2002. Putting politics back into science. Nature 415(6874):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heckman, T. M., and G. Kauffmann. 2011. The coevolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes: a local perspective. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6039):182–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuberger, M., M. Zäch, and N. D. Spencer. 2001. Density fluctuations under confinement: when is a fluid not a fluid? Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5518):905–908.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Antonaglia, J., X. Xie, G. Schwarz, M. Wraith, J. Qiao, Y. Zhang, P. K. Liaw, J. T. Uhl, and K. A. Dahmen. 2014. Tuned critical avalanche scaling in bulk metallic glasses. Scientific reports 4:4382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro, L. A., and A. M. Pagliaro. 2011. Handbook of Child and Adolescent Drug and Substance Abuse. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lewis, C., and K. Coghill, editors. 2016. Parliamentarians’ Professional Development: The Need for Reform. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jirsa, V. K., and A. Ghosh. 2010. Spontaneous brain dynamics emerges at the edge of instability. Pages 81–98 in D. A. Steyn-Ross and M. Steyn-Ross, editors. Modeling Phase Transitions in the Brain. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, November 12. Marriage of Ancient and Modern Makes Rosetta Mission a True Space Odyssey. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. School Facilities: Condition of America’s Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, HEHS-95-61, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, R. A. 2009. Using a socio -cultural framework to evaluate farmland preservation policy success in Maryland. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2003, April 6. On Chinatown’s Basketball Courts, It’s the Year of Yao. New York Times:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heckman and Kauffmann 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Antonaglia et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles