How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusis, A. J. 2000. Atherosclerosis. Nature 407(6801):233–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sánchez, I., and B. D. Dynlacht. 2014. Cell biology: Short RNAs and shortness of breath. Nature 510(7503):40–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dai, L., K. S. Korolev, and J. Gore. 2013. Slower recovery in space before collapse of connected populations. Nature 496(7445):355–358.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dumont, S., W. Cheng, V. Serebrov, R. K. Beran, I. Tinoco Jr, A. M. Pyle, and C. Bustamante. 2006. RNA translocation and unwinding mechanism of HCV NS3 helicase and its coordination by ATP. Nature 439(7072):105–108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ananthakrishnan, A. N., R. J. Xavier, and D. K. Podolsky. 2017. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kao, M.-Y., editor. 2008. Encyclopedia of Algorithms. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ong, S.-B. 2014. Imaging of Mitochondrial Disorders: A Review. Pages 99–136 in Y. C. Hum, M. I. Mohamad Salim, S.-B. Ong, N. P. Utama, Y. M. Myint, N. Mohd Noor, and E. Supriyanto, editors. Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology. Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, September 3. Organic ‘Computers’ Made Of DNA Could Process Data Inside Our Bodies. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Higher Education: Ensuring Quality Education From Proprietary Institutions. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-HEHS-96-158, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haffner, I. 2017. Experimental Investigation of Temperature Dependency in Transmission Characteristics of Liquid Crystals by Spectroscopy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. 2001, October 16. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Air Strikes On Rebels. New York Times:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lusis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lusis 2000; Sánchez and Dynlacht 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sánchez and Dynlacht 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dumont et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles