How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson, F. 2001. Resistance to mantle flow inferred from the electromagnetic strike of the Australian upper mantle. Nature 412(6847):632–635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, A. J., and S. Xiao. 2003. High CO2 levels in the Proterozoic atmosphere estimated from analyses of individual microfossils. Nature 425(6955):279–282.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., I. S. Puchtel, and R. J. Walker. 2012. 182W evidence for long-term preservation of early mantle differentiation products. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6072):1065–1069.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ito, T., H. Y. Kwon, B. Zimdahl, K. L. Congdon, J. Blum, W. E. Lento, C. Zhao, A. Lagoo, G. Gerrard, L. Foroni, J. Goldman, H. Goh, S.-H. Kim, D.-W. Kim, C. Chuah, V. G. Oehler, J. P. Radich, C. T. Jordan, and T. Reya. 2010. Regulation of myeloid leukaemia by the cell-fate determinant Musashi. Nature 466(7307):765–768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, K. H., and R. Barnes. 2010. VoIP Emergency Calling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dale, C., and T. Anderson, editors. 2011. Advances in Systems Safety: Proceedings of the Nineteenth Safety-Critical Systems Symposium, Southampton, UK, 8-10th February 2011. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Egan, K. L. 2008. Education of Health Professionals. Pages 33–45 in R. J. Pignolo, M. K. Crane, and M. A. Forciea, editors. Classic Papers in Geriatric Medicine with Current Commentaries. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017, March 30. Smackdown! Venomous Fish Deal Drugs On Coral Reefs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Air Traffic Control: FAA Can Better Forecast and Prevent Equipment Failures. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-91-179, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroeder, S. K. 2017. Tau-Directed Immunotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. 2012, December 20. Consequences in a Fiscal Plan. New York Times:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simpson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Simpson 2001; Kaufman and Xiao 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Xiao 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ito et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles