How to format your references using the North American Journal of Fisheries Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Fisheries Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lessler, J. 2014. Immunology. Charting the life-course epidemiology of influenza. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6212):919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manne, A. S., and R. G. Richels. 2001. An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature 410(6829):675–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aboelella, N. W., A. M. Reynolds, and W. B. Tolman. 2004. Biophysics. Catching copper in the act. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304(5672):836–837.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blum, J. D., A. Klaue, C. A. Nezat, C. T. Driscoll, C. E. Johnson, T. G. Siccama, C. Eagar, T. J. Fahey, and G. E. Likens. 2002. Mycorrhizal weathering of apatite as an important calcium source in base-poor forest ecosystems. Nature 417(6890):729–731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, T. 2014. Investing Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Joost, H.-G., editor. 2012. Appetite Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gharibreza, M., and M. A. Ashraf. 2014. Soil Erosion Rate and Nutrient Loss at the Bera Lake Catchment. Pages 107–134 in M. A. Ashraf, editor. Applied Limnology: Comprehensive View from Watershed to Lake. Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Fisheries Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015, September 26. First Self-Injectable Contraceptive Now Available In The U.K. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Changes Needed in the Tax Laws Governing the Exclusion for Scholarships and Fellowships and the Deduction of Job-Related Educational Expenses. U.S. Government Printing Office, GGD-78-72, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wadhwa, P. H. 2015. Secure building automation system using Tesla protocol. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A., and J. C. McKINLEY Jr. 2016, September 30. Caregiver Who Abused 4-Year-Old Boy Faces 22-Year Sentence for Murder. New York Times:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lessler 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Manne and Richels 2001; Lessler 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manne and Richels 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Blum et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Fish. Manag.
ISSN (print)0275-5947
ISSN (online)1548-8675
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles