How to format your references using the Advanced Engineering Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Engineering Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Packer, Science 2010, 329, 1606.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. McEvoy, N. Correll, Science 2015, 347, 1261689.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Hosoya, S.A. Baccus, M. Meister, Nature 2005, 436, 71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Peng, R. Zhou, B. Wang, X. Yu, X. Yang, K. Liu, M. Mi, Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Mazar Madjar, Radio Spectrum Management, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK 2016.
An edited book
Eds: C.C. Chang, G.A. Incaudo, M.E. Gershwin, Diseases of the Sinuses: A Comprehensive Textbook of Diagnosis and Treatment, Springer, New York, NY 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Fonseca, R. Gonçalves, R.R. Nunes, M.S. Teixeira, H. Paredes, L. Morgado, P. Martins, in Learning and Collaboration Technologies. Technology-Rich Environments for Learning and Collaboration: First International Conference, LCT 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II (Eds: P. Zaphiris, A. Ioannou), Springer International Publishing, Cham 2014, 33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Engineering Materials.

Blog post
S. Luntz, IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, HUD Urban Studies Fellowship Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Cagle West, Effective Software Engineering Leadership for Development Programs, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, New York Times 2007, LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1][2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Engineering Materials
AbbreviationAdv. Eng. Mater.
ISSN (print)1438-1656
ISSN (online)1527-2648
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles