How to format your references using the Advanced Engineering Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Engineering Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.G. Baraniuk, Science 2011, 331, 717.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Gaztelumendi, C. Nogués, Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5324.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Oxborrow, J.D. Breeze, N.M. Alford, Nature 2012, 488, 353.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Kim, A. Chortos, W. Xu, Y. Liu, J.Y. Oh, D. Son, J. Kang, A.M. Foudeh, C. Zhu, Y. Lee, S. Niu, J. Liu, R. Pfattner, Z. Bao, T.-W. Lee, Science 2018, 360, 998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Lutzke, Surfen in Die Digitale Zukunft, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany 2012.
An edited book
Eds: S. Khuri, L. Lhotská, N. Pisanti, Information Technology in Bio- and Medical Informatics, ITBAM 2010: First International Conference, Bilbao, Spain, September 1-2, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Tang, J. Liu, G. Zhang, in Network and Parallel Computing: 8th IFIP International Conference, NPC 2011, Changsha, China, October 21-23, 2011. Proceedings (Eds: E. Altman, W. Shi), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2011, 44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Engineering Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Representational Funds: State Department Expenditures at Selected Posts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.D. Sarantopoulos, The Relationship between Values and Leadership Styles of Nonprofit Leaders, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.R. Oestreich, New York Times 2017, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1][2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Engineering Materials
AbbreviationAdv. Eng. Mater.
ISSN (print)1438-1656
ISSN (online)1527-2648
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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