How to format your references using the Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dabby DS. Music theory. Creating musical variation. Science. 2008;320:62–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Noakes T, Spedding M. Olympics: Run for your life. Nature. 2012;487:295–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li X, Zhao J, Yang J. Semihydrogenated BN sheet: a promising visible-light driven photocatalyst for water splitting. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1858.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Penterman R, Klink SI, de Koning H, Nisato G, Broer DJ. Single-substrate liquid-crystal displays by photo-enforced stratification. Nature. 2002;417:55–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gaynor GH. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Massari M, Motta C. Women in the Sacra Corona Unita. In: Fiandaca G, editor. Women and the Mafia. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. You Can Watch Brown Bears Fish For Salmon In Alaska LIVE On These Free Cameras [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-live-footage-brown-bears-fishing-sockeye-salmon-alaska/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Administrative Operations and Financial Transactions, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Feb. Report No.: 092435.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wyers ML. An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Putting It Together, Piece by Piece. New York Times. 2010 Sep 30;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Vet. Scand.
ISSN (online)1751-0147
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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