How to format your references using the Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Letvin NL. Virology. Moving forward in HIV vaccine development. Science. 2009;326:1196–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Isalan M, Morrison M. This title is false. Nature. 2009;458:969.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lyons JR, Lewis RS, Clayton RN. Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO.” Science. 2009;324:1516;author reply 1516.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Verlet JRR, Bragg AE, Kammrath A, Cheshnovsky O, Neumark DM. Observation of large water-cluster anions with surface-bound excess electrons. Science. 2005;307:93–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Thompson AK. Fruit and Vegetables. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Ito H, Kano M, Katoh N, Uno Y, editors. Computational Geometry and Graph Theory: International Conference, KyotoCGGT 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 11-15, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dumova T. Engaging Technology in University-Community Partnerships. In: Jacob WJ, Sutin SE, Weidman JC, Yeager JL, editors. Community Engagement in Higher Education: Policy Reforms and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015. p. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Great Whites Feasting On A Whale Carcass Off Coast Of Massachusetts Are A Good Sign For The Species [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/great-whites-feasting-on-a-whale-carcass-off-coast-of-massachusetts-are-a-good-sign-for-the-species/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Third Expenditure Plan Meets Legislative Conditions, but Cost Estimating Improvements Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Aug. Report No.: GAO-02-908.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moose AM. The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times. 2017 Oct 20;BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Vet. Scand.
ISSN (online)1751-0147
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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