How to format your references using the Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sydnes LK. Policy: Update the Chemical Weapons Convention. Nature. 2013;496:25–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Morone F, Makse HA. Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature. 2015;524:65–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chang M-M, Zhang J, Miao D. A lamprey from the Cretaceous Jehol biota of China. Nature. 2006;441:972–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jiang N, Bao Z, Zhang X, Hirochika H, Eddy SR, McCouch SR, et al. An active DNA transposon family in rice. Nature. 2003;421:163–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ndjountche T. Digital Electronics 3. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Allen C. The Essential Guide to Open Source Flash Development. Arnold W, Balkan A, Cannasse N, Grden J, Gunesch M, Hughes M, et al., editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rischpater R, Zucker D. Doing More with Qt. In: Zucker D, editor. Beginning Nokia Apps Development: Qt and HTML5 for Symbian and MeeGo. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010. p. 87–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica.

Blog post
1. Davis J. GM Crops that Produce Fish Oil Successfully Grown in the Field [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/gm-crops-produce-fish-oil-successfully-grown-field/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. New Chicago-Area Airport: Site Comparison, Selection Process, and Federal Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: RCED-93-105.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Thiss PJ. Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gold M. Shock of the New. Shock of the Old. New York Times. 2017 Sep 1;AR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Vet. Scand.
ISSN (online)1751-0147
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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