How to format your references using the Acta Tropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Tropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobrow, M., 2015. Funders must encourage scientists to share. Nature 522, 129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maher, K., Chamberlain, C.P., 2014. Hydrologic regulation of chemical weathering and the geologic carbon cycle. Science 343, 1502–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srianand, R., Petitjean, P., Ledoux, C., 2000. The cosmic microwave background radiation temperature at a redshift of 2.34. Nature 408, 931–935.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomai, T., Mitani, S., Komatsu, D., Kawaguchi, Y., Honma, I., 2014. Metal-free aqueous redox capacitor via proton rocking-chair system in an organic-based couple. Sci. Rep. 4, 3591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles, R., 2008. 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sauer, H., Shah, A.M., Laurindo, F.R.M. (Eds.), 2010. Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders, Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, J., 2006. Towards Network Autonomy, in: Wang, G.-Y., Peters, J.F., Skowron, A., Yao, Y. (Eds.), Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: First International Conference, RSKT 2006, Chongquing, China, July 24-26, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Tropica.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dark Grape Compound May Help The Body Burn Fat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Temporary Quarters Subsistence Expenses] (No. B-257914). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, S.A., 2014. Dispersed Social Work: Understanding Social Presence and Organizational Identification Through the Use of New Communication Technologies (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bobrow, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bobrow, 2015; Maher and Chamberlain, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maher and Chamberlain, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Tropica
AbbreviationActa Trop.
ISSN (print)0001-706X
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

Other styles