How to format your references using the Acta Tropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Tropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaufman, A.J., 2005. Geology. The calibration of Ediacaran time. Science 308, 59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M., Hawrylak, P., 2014. Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuff, J., Wade, J., Wood, B.J., 2013. Volcanism on Mars controlled by early oxidation of the upper mantle. Nature 498, 342–345.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, N., Wei, H., Li, J., Wang, Z., Tian, X., Pan, A., Xu, H., 2013. Plasmonic amplification with ultra-high optical gain at room temperature. Sci. Rep. 3, 1967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zanotto, E.D., 2013. Crystals in Glass. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ignaciuk, P., 2013. Congestion Control in Data Transmission Networks: Sliding Mode and Other Designs, Communications and Control Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodridge, H.S., Underhill, D.M., 2008. Fungal Recognition by TLR2 and Dectin-1, in: Bauer, S., Hartmann, G. (Eds.), Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) and Innate Immunity, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Tropica.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Was Neil Armstrong Misquoted? Study Suggests His Accent Could’ve Been To Blame [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Commuter Rail: Many Factors Influence Liability and Indemnity Provisions, and Options Exist to Facilitate Negotiations (No. GAO-09-282). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, A.E., 2017. A quantitative study of the impact of CFO and auditor turnover on internal control weaknesses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Sports Share the Stage at the White House. New York Times B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaufman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kaufman, 2005; Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Tropica
AbbreviationActa Trop.
ISSN (print)0001-706X
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

Other styles