How to format your references using the Acta Tropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Tropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krimsky, S., 2011. Beware of gifts that come at too great a cost. Nature 474, 129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrams, N.E., Primack, J.R., 2001. Essays on science and society. Cosmology and 21st-century culture. Science 293, 1769–1770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faehnle, C.R., Walleshauser, J., Joshua-Tor, L., 2014. Mechanism of Dis3l2 substrate recognition in the Lin28-let-7 pathway. Nature 514, 252–256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kubota, Y., Watanabe, K., Tsuda, O., Taniguchi, T., 2007. Deep ultraviolet light-emitting hexagonal boron nitride synthesized at atmospheric pressure. Science 317, 932–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead, J.M., Gruneberg, S., 2013. Programme Procurement in Construction. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Misra, S., Woungang, I., Chandra Misra, S. (Eds.), 2009. Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Computer Communications and Networks. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Maybodi, M., Hertle, R.W., Bachynski, B.N., 2006. Ocular Motility Disorders, in: Wright, K.W., Spiegel, P.H., Thompson, L.S. (Eds.), Handbook of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 107–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Tropica.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Snakes Probably Lost Their Legs Swimming, Not Burrowing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities (No. 089087). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slabaugh, J.L., 2012. The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krimsky, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Abrams and Primack, 2001; Krimsky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrams and Primack, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kubota et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Tropica
AbbreviationActa Trop.
ISSN (print)0001-706X
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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