How to format your references using the Acta Tropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Tropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramchandani, P., 2004. A question of balance. Nature 430, 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melott, A.L., Thomas, B.C., 2012. Causes of an ad 774-775 14C increase. Nature 491, E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, F.G., Davies, R., Lyne, A., 2012. Bernard Lovell (1913-2012). Nature 488, 592.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshida, K., Toyoura, K., Matsunaga, K., Nakahira, A., Kurata, H., Ikuhara, Y.H., Sasaki, Y., 2013. Atomic sites and stability of Cs+ captured within zeolitic nanocavities. Sci. Rep. 3, 2457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N.H., Wong, H.Y., 2006. Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hayat, M.A. (Ed.), 2014. Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 13: Types of Tumors, Diagnosis, Ultrasonography, Surgery, Brain Metastasis, and General CNS Diseases, Tumors of the Central Nervous System. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
de Lara, J., Guerra, E., 2012. Reusable Graph Transformation Templates, in: Schürr, A., Varró, D., Varró, G. (Eds.), Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: 4th International Symposium, AGTIVE 2011, Budapest, Hungary, October 4-7, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Tropica.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Here’s What It Would Look Like To Walk Through A Rainbow [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Geographic Information System: Forest Service Not Ready to Acquire Nationwide System (No. IMTEC-90-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson, M.K., 2010. Joint -service integration: An organizational culture study of the United States Department of Defense voluntary education system (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. An American in Syria, Offering a Window on Jihad. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramchandani, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Melott and Thomas, 2012; Ramchandani, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melott and Thomas, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Tropica
AbbreviationActa Trop.
ISSN (print)0001-706X
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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