How to format your references using the Acta Tropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Tropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Chemistry’s clouded view. Nature 421, 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, H.N., Schulz, H.D., 2005. Large sulfur bacteria and the formation of phosphorite. Science 307, 416–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamada, Y., Kawabe, T., Miyazaki, M., 2013. Pattern randomness aftereffect. Sci. Rep. 3, 2906.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boekema, E.J., Hifney, A., Yakushevska, A.E., Piotrowski, M., Keegstra, W., Berry, S., Michel, K.P., Pistorius, E.K., Kruip, J., 2001. A giant chlorophyll-protein complex induced by iron deficiency in cyanobacteria. Nature 412, 745–748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson, B., Bria, A., Lind, J., Lönnqvist, P., Norlin, C., 2005. Wireless Foresight. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Neuhuber, W.L. (Ed.), 2006. Innervation of the Mammalian Esophagus, Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, H.-J., Cohen, A.S., Bottge, B.A., 2016. An Application of a Random Mixture Nominal Item Response Model for Investigating Instruction Effects, in: van der Ark, L.A., Bolt, D.M., Wang, W.-C., Douglas, J.A., Wiberg, M. (Eds.), Quantitative Psychology Research: The 80th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Beijing, 2015, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Tropica.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. New Nuclear Reactor Could Hold The Secret Of Lasting Fusion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Subcontract Estimate For E-2c Passive Detection Systems in Prime Contract With Grumman Aerospace Corporation (No. 093158). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpie, K.R., 2012. Enhancement of a canopy reflectance model for understanding the specular and spectral effects of an aquatic background in an inundated tidal marsh (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Downs, J.S., Loewenstein, G., Wisdom, J., 2009. Eating by the Numbers. New York Times A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Schulz and Schulz, 2005; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Schulz, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Boekema et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Tropica
AbbreviationActa Trop.
ISSN (print)0001-706X
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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