How to format your references using the Acta Theriologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Theriologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marley MS (2013) Planetary science. Probing an extrasolar planet. Science 339:1393–1394
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox B, Yang Q (2006) In quest of virtual tests for structural composites. Science 314:1102–1107
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowacki A, Wookey J, Kendall J-M (2010) Deformation of the lowermost mantle from seismic anisotropy. Nature 467:1091–1094
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kuhnert F, Mancuso MR, Shamloo A, et al (2010) Essential regulation of CNS angiogenesis by the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR124. Science 330:985–989

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitz B, Ewing JJ, Hecht J (2005) Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maass W, Kowatsch T (eds) (2012) Semantic Technologies in Content Management Systems: Trends, Applications and Evaluations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Saha I, Plewczyński D, Maulik U, Bandyopadhyay S (2010) Consensus Multiobjective Differential Crisp Clustering for Categorical Data Analysis. In: Szczuka M, Kryszkiewicz M, Ramanna S, et al. (eds) Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Theriologica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) What A Tiny Micrometeorite From The Pilbara Can Tell Us About The Ancient Sky. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Block Grants Brought Funding Changes and Adjustments to Program Priorities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caltrider CS (2017) Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Nationals Stage a Late Comeback, Perhaps Exorcising Some Demons. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marley 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cox and Yang 2006; Marley 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Yang 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuhnert et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Theriologica
ISSN (print)0001-7051
ISSN (online)2190-3743

Other styles