How to format your references using the Acta Theriologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Theriologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freger V (2015) MEMBRANES. Outperforming nature’s membranes. Science 348:1317–1318
A journal article with 2 authors
Jutzi M, Asphaug E (2015) COMETARY NUCLEI. The shape and structure of cometary nuclei as a result of low-velocity accretion. Science 348:1355–1358
A journal article with 3 authors
Chatterjee A, Mitrović M, Fortunato S (2013) Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis. Sci Rep 3:1049
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jean-Baptiste P, Petit JR, Lipenkov VY, et al (2001) Constraints on hydrothermal processes and water exchange in Lake Vostok from helium isotopes. Nature 411:460–462

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hines M (2015) Marketing implant dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Coetzee M (ed) (2014) Psycho-social Career Meta-capacities: Dynamics of contemporary career development. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lucken MF (2012) Exclusionary Structure or Cultural Clash, why do Immigrants Dropout? a Comparison of One Group in Two Different Countries. In: Urias DA (ed) The Immigration & Education Nexus: A Focus on the Context & Consequences of Schooling. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 83–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Theriologica.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Huge Ancient Hidden Monument Found In Petra Using Satellites, Drones, And Google Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Federal Motor Vehicles: Private and State Practices Can Improve Fleet Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCourt SB (2008) A phenomenological study of anticipated housing, healthcare, and biopsychosocial needs of aging female baby boomers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) With Appeal Over, Sharapova Lobs Criticism at Tennis Leaders. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freger 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Freger 2015; Jutzi and Asphaug 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jutzi and Asphaug 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jean-Baptiste et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Theriologica
ISSN (print)0001-7051
ISSN (online)2190-3743

Other styles