How to format your references using the Acta Theriologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Theriologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linnarsson S (2015) NEUROSCIENCE. A tree of the human brain. Science 350:37
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan J, Yankner BA (2000) Apoptosis in the nervous system. Nature 407:802–809
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadalla MN, Abdel-Rahman M, Shamim A (2014) Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification. Sci Rep 4:4270
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tovar J, León-Avila G, Sánchez LB, et al (2003) Mitochondrial remnant organelles of Giardia function in iron-sulphur protein maturation. Nature 426:172–176

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen J (2017) Chemiereaktoren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Peng W-C, Wang H, Bailey J, et al (eds) (2014) Trends and Applications in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2014 International Workshops: DANTH, BDM, MobiSocial, BigEC, CloudSD, MSMV-MBI, SDA, DMDA-Health, ALSIP, SocNet, DMBIH, BigPMA,Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Koschuch M, Hudler M, Krüger M (2012) The Price of Security: A Detailed Comparison of the TLS Handshake Performance on Embedded Devices When Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography and RSA. In: Obaidat MS, Tsihrintzis GA, Filipe J (eds) e-Business and Telecommunications: 7th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2010, Athens, Greece, July 26-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Theriologica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Fish Are Smarter Than You Think. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues Related to FAA’s Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouellette RL (2008) Referral development results of relationship tie- strength for small business goal -directed networking groups. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper H, Shear MD, Searcey D (2017) Travel Ban on Chad Could Harm American Interests, Officials Say. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linnarsson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Yuan and Yankner 2000; Linnarsson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Yankner 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tovar et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Theriologica
ISSN (print)0001-7051
ISSN (online)2190-3743

Other styles