How to format your references using the Acta Theriologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Theriologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin K (2015) Vernon B. Mountcastle (1918-2015). Nature 518:304
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakatani H, Yamaguchi Y (2014) Quick concurrent responses to global and local cognitive information underlie intuitive understanding in board-game experts. Sci Rep 4:5894
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe Y, Martini JE, Ohmoto H (2000) Geochemical evidence for terrestrial ecosystems 2.6 billion years ago. Nature 408:574–578
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bernhardt TG, Wang IN, Struck DK, Young R (2001) A protein antibiotic in the phage Qbeta virion: diversity in lysis targets. Science 292:2326–2329

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S (2016) Advanced Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hurford C, Schneider M, Cowx I (eds) (2010) Conservation Monitoring in Freshwater Habitats: A Practical Guide and Case Studies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Nagase H, Visse R (2011) Triple Helicase Activity and the Structural Basis of Collagenolysis. In: Parks WC, Mecham RP (eds) Extracellular Matrix Degradation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 95–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Theriologica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Five WW2 Warships And A Submarine Have Vanished From The Seafloor. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Schools in Two Major Federal Loan Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kirk C (2017) Early Maladaptive Attachment Styles and Psychological Aggression in Romantic Relationships: A Content Analysis, 2006-2016. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) For Coed Grand Slam Event, Reaction Seems to Be Mixed, Too. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nakatani and Yamaguchi 2014; Martin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nakatani and Yamaguchi 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bernhardt et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Theriologica
ISSN (print)0001-7051
ISSN (online)2190-3743

Other styles