How to format your references using the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krause, D. W. (2001). Fossil molar from a Madagascan marsupial. Nature, 412(6846), 497–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moiseff, A., & Copeland, J. (2010). Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5988), 181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hedrick, T. L., Cheng, B., & Deng, X. (2009). Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 252–255.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Browning, S., Mahal, S. P., Oelschlegel, A. M., & Weissmann, C. (2010). Darwinian evolution of prions in cell culture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 869–872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chang, C. M. (2010). Service Systems Management and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mazzone, L., & Vitiello, B. (Eds.). (2016). Psychiatric Symptoms and Comorbidities in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kabzeva, A., Götze, J., & Müller, P. (2015). Service Network Modeling: A Generic Approach. In G. Ortiz & C. Tran (Eds.), Advances in Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Workshops of ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 39–50). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 3). Do Toilets Really Flow In Opposite Directions In Different Hemispheres? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Success Depends Upon Strong Management and Structured Approach (T-AIMD-97-173). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons, J. R. (2010). Throwing a wrench in the translational machinery: Discovery of RNA ligands by fluorescence techniques [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alderman, L. (2013, July 19). Romanian’s Tale Has Art World Fearing Worst. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krause, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Krause, 2001; Moiseff & Copeland, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moiseff & Copeland, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hedrick et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
AbbreviationJ. Subst. Abuse Treat.
ISSN (print)0740-5472
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health
Clinical Psychology

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