How to format your references using the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andelman, S. J. (2011). Conservation science outside the comfort zone. Nature, 475(7356), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gold, J. I., & Shadlen, M. N. (2000). Representation of a perceptual decision in developing oculomotor commands. Nature, 404(6776), 390–394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsic, A., Grover, G., & Piestun, R. (2014). Three-dimensional super-resolution and localization of dense clusters of single molecules. Scientific Reports, 4, 5388.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rinaldi, S., Mura, M., Castagna, A., & Fontani, V. (2014). Long-lasting changes in brain activation induced by a single REAC technology pulse in Wi-Fi bands. Randomized double-blind fMRI qualitative study. Scientific Reports, 4, 5668.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rajagopal, R. (2014). Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Larsson, L., Stern, F., & Visonneau, M. (Eds.). (2014). Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics: An assessment of the Gothenburg 2010 Workshop. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerr, D., & Li, H. (2016). Property (T). In H. Li (Ed.), Ergodic Theory: Independence and Dichotomies (pp. 131–146). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, November 3). NASA Set To Make Huge Announcement On Thursday Regarding Mars’ Atmosphere. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed (No. GAO-16-623). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, N. (2017). Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011, July 16). Russia: Abortion Restrictions Signed. New York Times, p. A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Andelman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Andelman, 2011; Gold & Shadlen, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gold & Shadlen, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Barsic, Grover, & Piestun, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rinaldi, Mura, Castagna, & Fontani, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
AbbreviationJ. Subst. Abuse Treat.
ISSN (print)0740-5472
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles