How to format your references using the Acta Polytechnica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Polytechnica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D.: Commission lays foundations for rise in research spending. Nature, 423 (6935), 2003, p. 6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chokshi, D.A., Farley, T.A.: Health. Changing behaviors to prevent noncommunicable diseases. Science, 345 (6202), 2014, p. 1243–1244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bintanja, R. et al.: Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years. Nature, 437 (7055), 2005, p. 125–128.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Yeh, A. et al.: Quantum phase transition in a common metal. Nature, 419 (6906), 2002, p. 459–462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D.M.: Electric Power Generation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Baba, A. et al. eds.: Groundwater and Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y. et al.: Polyols and Polyurethanes from Protein-Based Feedstocks. In: Bio-based Polyols and Polyurethanes (Editors: X. Luo and S. Hu). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, p. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Polytechnica.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Black Holes Spotted Eating Stars So Fast, That The Winds Reach One Quarter Of The Speed Of Light. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies. GAO-16-144. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haigh, C.V.: More Than Skin Deep: The Impact of Self-Esteem, Desire for Lighter Skin, and Gender on the Mental Health of University Students in Thailand. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S.: Top Banker Denies Role In Trump Moscow Plan. New York Times, 2017, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Polytechnica
AbbreviationActa Polytech.
ISSN (print)1210-2709
ISSN (online)1805-2363
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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