How to format your references using the Acta Polytechnica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Polytechnica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Apkarian, V.A.: Chemistry. A pixellated window on chemistry in solids. Science, 313 (5794), 2006, p. 1747–1748.
A journal article with 2 authors
Headlam, D., Brown, M.: Comment on ‘The geometry of musical chords’. Science, 315 (5810), 2007, p. 330; author reply 330.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, R. et al.: Brazil’s Nuclear Activities. Science, 307 (5711), 2005, p. 847–851.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Sadler, L.E. et al.: Spontaneous symmetry breaking in a quenched ferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature, 443 (7109), 2006, p. 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda, L.B. et al.: Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Kassel, S., Wu, B. eds.: Software Engineering Education Going Agile: 11th China–Europe International Symposium on Software Engineering Education (CEISEE 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, Q.T. et al.: Reverse Pharmacognosy: A Tool to Accelerate the Discovery of New Bioactive Food Ingredients. In: Foodinformatics: Applications of Chemical Information to Food Chemistry (Editors: K. Martinez-Mayorga and J. L. Medina-Franco). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, p. 111–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Polytechnica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: How Sex And Masturbation Could Lead To More Ebola Outbreaks. IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Health Care: Benefits and Barriers to Automated Medical Records. T-AIMD-94-117. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castaneda Martinez, N.E.: Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sabrina Tavernise With: For the Families, Anger Mixes With Mourning. New York Times, 2000, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Polytechnica
AbbreviationActa Polytech.
ISSN (print)1210-2709
ISSN (online)1805-2363
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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