How to format your references using the Acta Polytechnica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Polytechnica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C.: Enabling the chemistry of life. Nature, 409 (6817), 2001, p. 226–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubkov, M.V., Tarran, G.A.: High bacterivory by the smallest phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 455 (7210), 2008, p. 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Tonder, G.J. et al.: Visual structure of a Japanese Zen garden. Nature, 419 (6905), 2002, p. 359–360.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Blanford, J.I. et al.: Implications of temperature variation for malaria parasite development across Africa. Sci. Rep., 3, 2013, p. 1300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balakrishnan, N., Koutras, M.V.: Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.
An edited book
Bruckstein, A.M. et al. eds.: Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision: Third International Conference, SSVM 2011, Ein-Gedi, Israel, May 29 – June 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Brigham, J.C.: The Role of Race and Racial Prejudice in Recognizing Other People. In: Motivational Aspects of Prejudice and Racism (Editor: C. Willis-Esqueda). New York, NY: Springer, 2008, p. 68–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Polytechnica.

Blog post
Evans, K.: This Interactive Map Shows Where People With HIV Live In The US — And It Points To Some Distressing Trends. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Severe Storms Research Activities. 110577. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saifman, H.P.: Millennial Nurse Manager Perspectives on Their Leadership Roles in the Hospital Setting: A Phenomenological Inquiry. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Sublime Indian Sweets. New York Times, 2007, p. NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Polytechnica
AbbreviationActa Polytech.
ISSN (print)1210-2709
ISSN (online)1805-2363
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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