How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Al-Gazali, L. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. Human genome sequencing: celebrating 10 years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, B. E., & Miles, G. P. (2001). Plant biology. One for all? Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), 2022–2023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, R. T., Hernández-Maldonado, A. J., & Yang, F. H. (2003). Desulfurization of transportation fuels with zeolites under ambient conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5629), 79–81.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Böhlenius, H., Huang, T., Charbonnel-Campaa, L., Brunner, A. M., Jansson, S., Strauss, S. H., & Nilsson, O. (2006). CO/FT regulatory module controls timing of flowering and seasonal growth cessation in trees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1040–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang, S. (2012). Micro/Nano Replication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Verdonschot, P. F. M., Wang, H., Pinder, A., & Nijboer, R. (Eds.). (2006). Aquatic Oligochaete Biology IX: Selected Papers from the 9th Symposium on Aquatic Oligochaeta, 6–10 October 2003, Wageningen, The Netherlands (Vol. 186). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sfetsos, A. (2011). A Comprehensive Overview of Short Term Wind Forecasting Models Based on Time Series Analysis. In K. Gopalakrishnan, S. K. Khaitan, & S. Kalogirou (Eds.), Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems (pp. 97–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Modeling.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, January 3). “Irrefutable” Proof That Neanderthals Were Cannibals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Terminating Federal Helium Refining (RCED-95-252R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lama, N. (2017). Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2005, December 29). It’s Like “Sex and the City,” Only the City Is Moscow. New York Times, E3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Al-Gazali, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Al-Gazali, 2011; Ellis & Miles, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis & Miles, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Yang et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Böhlenius et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Policy Model.
ISSN (print)0161-8938
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles