How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morbidelli, A. (2004). Planetary science: How Neptune pushed the boundaries of our Solar System. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1302–1304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M. R., & Matunis, E. (2003). Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1490–1491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, N. J., Prokoph, A., & Veizer, J. (2014). Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Scientific Reports, 4, 6150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ramesh, P., Baroji, Y. F., Reihani, S. N. S., Stamou, D., Oddershede, L. B., & Bendix, P. M. (2013). FBAR syndapin 1 recognizes and stabilizes highly curved tubular membranes in a concentration dependent manner. Scientific Reports, 3, 1565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edmonds, M. E., Foster, A. V. M., & Sanders, L. J. (2008). A Practical Manual of Diabetic Foot Care. Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Zeng, Z., & Wang, J. (Eds.). (2010). Advances in Neural Network Research and Applications (Vol. 67). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Papa, S., Petruzzella, V., & Scacco, S. (2007). 1.5 Electron Transport. Structure, Redox-Coupled Protonmotive Activity, and Pathological Disorders of Respiratory Chain Complexes. In A. Lajtha, G. E. Gibson, & G. A. Dienel (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Brain Energetics. Integration of Molecular and Cellular Processes (pp. 93–118). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Modeling.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 2). Jurassic Monster Is Largest Meat-Eating Dinosaur Found In Germany. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Status of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (PSAD-78-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson, N. (2017). Undocumented Latino Student Activists’ Funds of Knowledge: Transforming Social Movements [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2010, August 22). What’s Left Behind. New York Times, BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morbidelli, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Morbidelli, 2004; Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shaviv et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ramesh et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Policy Model.
ISSN (print)0161-8938
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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