How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowman, D. (2012). Conservation: Bring elephants to Australia? Nature, 482(7383), 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karijolich, J., & Yu, Y.-T. (2011). Converting nonsense codons into sense codons by targeted pseudouridylation. Nature, 474(7351), 395–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson, W. A., Bjørnstad, O. N., & Yamanaka, T. (2013). Recurrent insect outbreaks caused by temperature-driven changes in system stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6147), 796–799.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sepulchre, P., Ramstein, G., Fluteau, F., Schuster, M., Tiercelin, J.-J., & Brunet, M. (2006). Tectonic uplift and Eastern Africa aridification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1419–1423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales, L.-J. (2005). Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Thilikos, D. M., & Woeginger, G. J. (Eds.). (2012). Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7535). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sass, R. (2014). Data Banks of Electrolytes. In G. Kreysa, K.-I. Ota, & R. F. Savinell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry (pp. 291–294). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 16). How Planet Earth’s Ice-Skating Flamingos Collectively Get ‘In The Mood’ For Sex. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT’s Freight Efforts (GAO-17-23). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel, B. F. (2015). Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 9). Two Pitchers Conquer Struggles and Morph Into Game 2 Starters. New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bowman, 2012; Karijolich & Yu, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karijolich & Yu, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nelson et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sepulchre et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Policy Model.
ISSN (print)0161-8938
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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