How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hobe, M. (2007). Atmospheric science. Revisiting ozone depletion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1878–1879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnold, D. H., & Johnston, A. (2003). Motion-induced spatial conflict. Nature, 425(6954), 181–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema, F. J., Filip, A. T., & Van Wees, B. J. (2002). Spintronics (Communication arising): Spin accumulation in mesoscopic systems. Nature, 416(6883), 810.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gunaletchumy, S. P., Seevasant, I., Tan, M. H., Croft, L. J., Mitchell, H. M., Goh, K. L., … Vadivelu, J. (2014). Helicobacter pylori genetic diversity and gastro-duodenal diseases in Malaysia. Scientific Reports, 4, 7431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain, G. D. (2012). Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hashim, R., & Abdul Majeed, A. B. (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the Colloquium on Administrative Science and Technology: CoAST 2013. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chan, K., & Poernomo, I. (2008). Consistent Metric Usage: From Design to Deployment. In I. Eusgeld, F. C. Freiling, & R. Reussner (Eds.), Dependability Metrics: Advanced Lectures (pp. 19–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Modeling.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 16). SpaceX Launches And Lands A Rocket For The First Time In Five Months. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Information Technology: HUD Needs to Improve Key Project Management Practices for Its Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-13-455). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ford, V. F. (2012). An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014, November 7). Blood in the Tracks. New York Times, p. MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hobe, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Arnold & Johnston, 2003; von Hobe, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnold & Johnston, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jedema, Filip, & Van Wees, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gunaletchumy et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Policy Model.
ISSN (print)0161-8938
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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