How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2007). Abbott’s AIDS fight-back. Nature, 448(7149), 14.
A journal article with 2 authors
List, B., & Yang, J. W. (2006). Chemistry. The organic approach to asymmetric catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1584–1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Hasegawa, J., & Matsunaga, S. (2013). The boundary of the meristematic and elongation zones in roots: endoreduplication precedes rapid cell expansion. Scientific Reports, 3, 2723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, S., Tu, L., Han, Y., Huang, L., Kang, K., Lao, K. U., Poddar, P., Park, C., Muller, D. A., DiStasio, R. A., Jr, & Park, J. (2018). Coherent, atomically thin transition-metal dichalcogenide superlattices with engineered strain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6380), 1131–1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Varrall, G. (2011). Making Telecoms Work. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Brunst, H., Müller, M. S., Nagel, W. E., & Resch, M. M. (Eds.). (2012). Tools for High Performance Computing 2011: Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2011, ZIH, Dresden. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khelalef, A., Ababsa, F., & Benoudjit, N. (2016). A Simple Human Activity Recognition Technique Using DCT. In J. Blanc-Talon, C. Distante, W. Philips, D. Popescu, & P. Scheunders (Eds.), Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 17th International Conference, ACIVS 2016, Lecce, Italy, October 24-27, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 37–46). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 14). Upcoming Battery Will Charge Phones And Electric Cars in Minutes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Improvements Needed in the Department of the Interior’s Measurement of Offshore Oil for Royalty Purposes (RCED-84-78). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, M. O. (2017). Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and its Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, July 26). European Court Is Urged to Punish Hungary and Slovakia Over Refugees. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2007; List & Yang, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (List & Yang, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Hayashi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xie et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Policy Model.
ISSN (print)0161-8938
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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