How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B (APSB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marciano WJ. Particle physics: quarks are not ambidextrous. Nature 2014;506(7486):43–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takken FLW., Tameling WIL. To nibble at plant resistance proteins. Science 2009;324(5928):744–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Percec V., Ungar G., Peterca M. Chemistry. Self-assembly in action. Science 2006;313(5783):55–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lai Y., Lou X., Wang C., Xia T., Tong J. Synaptotagmin 1 and Ca2+ drive trans SNARE zippering. Sci Rep 2014;4:4575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins BR. The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Anastassiou GA., Duman O. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Approximation Theory: Contributions from AMAT 2012, vol. 41, New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Garnier E., Adams N., Sagaut P. Explicit Structural Modeling. In: Adams N, and Sagaut P, editors. Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 95–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B.

Blog post
Hale T. A Chinese Doctor Is Now Planning A Human Head Transplant. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Program Status and Comments on IRS’ Portion of President’s Request For Fiscal Year 1993 Supplemental Funds, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alimo CJ. From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. For the Boots of Fall, Fur Rules. New York Times 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica Sinica B
AbbreviationActa Pharm. Sin. B.
ISSN (print)2211-3835
ISSN (online)2211-3843
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles