How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B (APSB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morell V. When the bat sings. Science 2014;344(6190):1334–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bashyam R., Zelenay P. A class of non-precious metal composite catalysts for fuel cells. Nature 2006;443(7107):63–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton C., Judson RL., Blelloch R. Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 2010;463(7281):621–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murtra P., Sheasby AM., Hunt SP., De Felipe C. Rewarding effects of opiates are absent in mice lacking the receptor for substance P. Nature 2000;405(6783):180–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei AR. Extended Finite Element Method, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Jeschke S., Isenhardt I., Hees F., Henning K. Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2013/2014, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Suijkerbuijk KPM., van der Wall E., van Diest PJ. Hormone Receptors in Breast Cancer. In: Badve S, and Gökmen-Polar Y, editors. Molecular Pathology of Breast Cancer, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Announces The Discovery Of More Than 1,200 New Exoplanets. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Impact of New Trade Compliance Strategy Needs to Be Assessed, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim SB. Model uncertainty and model averaging in the estimation of benchmark dose. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped. New York Times 2002:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica Sinica B
AbbreviationActa Pharm. Sin. B.
ISSN (print)2211-3835
ISSN (online)2211-3843
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles