How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B (APSB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollard TD. Genomics, the cytoskeleton and motility. Nature 2001;409(6822):842–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medford JI., Prasad A. Plant Science. Plant synthetic biology takes root. Science 2014;346(6206):162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavriil FP., Kaspi VM., Woods PM. Magnetar-like X-ray bursts from an anomalous X-ray pulsar. Nature 2002;419(6903):142–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kowalski MP., Dubouix-Bourandy A., Bajmoczi M., Golan DE., Zaidi T., Coutinho-Sledge YS., et al. Host resistance to lung infection mediated by major vault protein in epithelial cells. Science 2007;317(5834):130–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin P. OSx86, Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Jensen K., Aalst WM van der., Ajmone Marsan M., Franceschinis G., Kleijn J., Kristensen LM. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VI, vol. 7400, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Almond RG., Mislevy RJ., Steinberg LS., Yan D., Williamson DM. Basic Graph Theory and Graphical Models. In: Mislevy RJ, Steinberg LS, Yan D, and Williamson DM, editors. Bayesian Networks in Educational Assessment, New York, NY: Springer; 2015, p. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B.

Blog post
Davis J. Home-Brewed Morphine A Step Closer. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krometis L-AH. Microbial partitioning in urban stormwaters. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression. New York Times 2010:B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica Sinica B
AbbreviationActa Pharm. Sin. B.
ISSN (print)2211-3835
ISSN (online)2211-3843
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles