How to format your references using the Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B (APSB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bruins HJ. Anthropology. Dating Pharaonic Egypt. Science 2010;328(5985):1489–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phair RD., Misteli T. High mobility of proteins in the mammalian cell nucleus. Nature 2000;404(6778):604–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo Z-X., Ji Q., Yuan C-X. Convergent dental adaptations in pseudo-tribosphenic and tribosphenic mammals. Nature 2007;450(7166):93–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cooper A., Lalueza-Fox C., Anderson S., Rambaut A., Austin J., Ward R. Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two extinct moas clarify ratite evolution. Nature 2001;409(6821):704–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk RD., Lintott JW. Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Adibi S. Mobile Health: A Technology Road Map, vol. 5, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ifenthaler D. Learning with the Simpleshow. In: Isaías P, Spector JM, Ifenthaler D, and Sampson DG, editors. E-Learning Systems, Environments and Approaches: Theory and Implementation, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Milk A Deadly Box Jellyfish. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borisova-Kidder A. Meta-Analytical Estimates of Values of Environmental Services Enhanced by Government Agricultural Conservation Programs. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times 2006:14WC5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmaceutica Sinica B
AbbreviationActa Pharm. Sin. B.
ISSN (print)2211-3835
ISSN (online)2211-3843
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles