How to format your references using the Acta Palaeontologica Polonica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamien, R.D. 2007. Materials science. Better geometry through chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5815): 1083–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukherjee, S. and Orth, K. 2008. Microbiology. A protein pupylation paradigm. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5904): 1062–1063.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurth, I., Georgescu, R.E. and O’Donnell, M.E. 2013. A solution to release twisted DNA during chromosome replication by coupled DNA polymerases. Nature 496 (7443): 119–122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Naumova, E.A., Sandulescu, T., Bochnig, C., Al Khatib, P., Lee, W.-K., Zimmer, S. and Arnold, W.H. 2014. Dynamic changes in saliva after acute mental stress. Scientific reports 4: 4884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. 2009. Becoming a Category of One. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, .
An edited book
2011. Modeling, Diagnostics and Process Control: Implementation in the DiaSter System. In Korbicz, J. and Kościelny, J.M. (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, .
A chapter in an edited book
Ortolani, S., Giuffrida, C. and Crispo, B. 2011. KLIMAX: Profiling Memory Write Patterns to Detect Keystroke-Harvesting Malware. In: Sommer, R., Balzarotti, D. and Maier, G. (eds.), Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, 81–100. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. DNA Tests Show Elephant Ivory Poaching has Two Main Hotspots. IFLScience. Downloaded from on 30 October 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Executive Office of the President: Analysis of EOP’s 1999 Information Technology Architecture Update and Capital Investment Plan Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
San Miguel, A.M. 2010. Lived experiences and perceptions on mentoring among Latina scientists and engineers.Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DCpp.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, T. 2010. Silly Bandz, the Bracelets That Spring Off Shelves. New York Times: A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamien 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kamien 2007; Mukherjee and Orth 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mukherjee and Orth 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Naumova et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Palaeontologica Polonica
AbbreviationActa Palaeontol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0567-7920
ISSN (online)1732-2421

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