How to format your references using the Acta Palaeontologica Polonica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. 2005. Nuts and bolts. Online applications. Nature 433 (7021): 90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rilling, J.K. and Young, L.J. 2014. The biology of mammalian parenting and its effect on offspring social development. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6198): 771–776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, D., Dou, S. and Wang, G. 2014. Single crystalline Co3O4 nanocrystals exposed with different crystal planes for Li-O2 batteries. Scientific reports 4: 5767.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ousman, S.S., Tomooka, B.H., van Noort, J.M., Wawrousek, E.F., O’Connor, K.C., Hafler, D.A., Sobel, R.A., Robinson, W.H. and Steinman, L. 2007. Protective and therapeutic role for alphaB-crystallin in autoimmune demyelination. Nature 448 (7152): 474–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Y.S. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, .
An edited book
2012. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. In Barbosa, L.S. and Lumpe, M. (eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 6921. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, .
A chapter in an edited book
Macé, S. and Anquetil, É. 2007. A Generic Approach for Pen-Based User Interface Development. In: Calvary, G., Pribeanu, C., Santucci, G. and Vanderdonckt, J. (eds.), Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V, 57–70. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Teenage Girl May Have Developed Hepatitis From Green Tea Bought Online. IFLScience. Downloaded from on 30 October 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPeek, S.E. 2017. Religious Rhetoric and the Radio: The Sermons of Rev. Dr. Oswald C.J. Hoffmann, International Lutheran Hour Speaker, 1955-1985.Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LApp.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Angelos, J. 2017. The French Defection. New York Times: MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2005; Rilling and Young 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rilling and Young 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ousman et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Palaeontologica Polonica
AbbreviationActa Palaeontol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0567-7920
ISSN (online)1732-2421

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