How to format your references using the Acta Palaeontologica Polonica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. 2014. Born in the blood. Nature 515 (7528): S158-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richerson, P.J. and Boyd, R. 2008. Migration: an engine for social change. Nature 456 (7224): 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, H., Zones, S.I. and Davis, M.E. 2003. A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials. Nature 425 (6956): 385–388.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kashlinsky, A., Arendt, R.G., Mather, J. and Moseley, S.H. 2005. Tracing the first stars with fluctuations of the cosmic infrared background. Nature 438 (7064): 45–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schattke, W. and Díez Muiño, R. 2013. Quantum Monte Carlo Programming. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, .
An edited book
Granström, J.G. 2011. Treatise on Intuitionistic Type Theory. In Granström, J.G. (ed.) Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Vol. 22. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, .
A chapter in an edited book
Hajek, A.E. and Tobin, P.C. 2009. North American Eradications of Asian and European Gypsy Moth. In: Hajek, A.E., Glare, T.R. and O’Callaghan, M. (eds.), Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods, 71–89. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Harrowing Drone Footage Shows Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. IFLScience. Downloaded from on 30 October 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Social Security: Telephone Access Enhanced at Field Offices Under Demonstration Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabellario, C.M. 2009. A plan to establish a financial counseling center on the campus of California State University, Long Beach.Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CApp.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rueck, K. 1972. ‘ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS’; What’s a Stewardess. New York Times: travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Richerson and Boyd 2008; Savage 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richerson and Boyd 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kashlinsky et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Palaeontologica Polonica
AbbreviationActa Palaeontol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0567-7920
ISSN (online)1732-2421

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