How to format your references using the Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Centola, An experimental study of homophily in the adoption of health behavior, Science. 334 (2011) 1269–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Richardson, C. Marone, Geophysics. What triggers tremor?, Science. 319 (2008) 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.D. Miller, E.C. Scott, S. Okamoto, Science communication. Public acceptance of evolution, Science. 313 (2006) 765–766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Sato, Y. Ueno, K. Asai, K. Takahashi, M. Sato, A. Engel, Y. Fujiyoshi, The voltage-sensitive sodium channel is a bell-shaped molecule with several cavities, Nature. 409 (2001) 1047–1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Taylor, Handbook of Retinal Screening in Diabetes, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
S.F. Tang, L. Logonnathan, eds., Taylor’s 7th Teaching and Learning Conference 2014 Proceedings: Holistic Education: Enacting Change, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M.C. Olesen, R.R. Hansen, K.G. Larsen, An Automata-Based Approach to Trace Partitioned Abstract Interpretation, in: C.W. Probst, C. Hankin, R.R. Hansen (Eds.), Semantics, Logics, and Calculi: Essays Dedicated to Hanne Riis Nielson and Flemming Nielson on the Occasion of Their 60th Birthdays, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 88–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University.

Blog post
T. Hale, Volkswagen’s Emissions Cheat Will Cause 1,200 Premature Deaths, Scientists Say, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S.-Korea Fighter Coproduction Program--the F-16 Version, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.I. Emenyonu, Barriers to HIV care in rural Uganda, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Alexander, A Different Shade of Green, New York Times. (2002) 638.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University
ISSN (print)1110-0931

Other styles