How to format your references using the Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.P. Robinson, Revisiting the Baruch Plan, Nature. 432 (2004) 441–442.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.W. Denning, M.J. Bromley, Infectious Disease. How to bolster the antifungal pipeline, Science. 347 (2015) 1414–1416.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.S. Cochran, J.E. Vidale, S. Tanaka, Earth tides can trigger shallow thrust fault earthquakes, Science. 306 (2004) 1164–1166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.B. Subramaniam, M. Abkarian, L. Mahadevan, H.A. Stone, Colloid science: non-spherical bubbles, Nature. 438 (2005) 930.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Källén, Understanding Biostatistics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
F. Oquendo, Software Architecture in Action: Designing and Executing Architectural Models with SysADL Grounded on the OMG SysML Standard, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Chfouka, H. Nemati, R. Guanciale, M. Dam, P. Ekdahl, Trustworthy Prevention of Code Injection in Linux on Embedded Devices, in: G. Pernul, P. Y A Ryan, E. Weippl (Eds.), Computer Security -- ESORICS 2015: 20th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Vienna, Austria, September 21-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 90–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University.

Blog post
J. Davis, New GM Rice Plant Could Increase Yield And Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Development: Improvement Needed in Federal Planning, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F.M. Powell, A study of the effects of nanoparticle modification on the thermal, mechanical and hygrothermal performance of carbon/vinyl ester composites, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Experts Fear Life Insurers Are Courting Reserve Risk, New York Times. (2012) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University
ISSN (print)1110-0931

Other styles