How to format your references using the Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Kullerud, Sustainability: A green Arctic, Nature. 478 (2011) 179–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Keesing, R.S. Ostfeld, Ecology. Is biodiversity good for your health?, Science. 349 (2015) 235–236.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Verbeeck, H. Tian, P. Schattschneider, Production and application of electron vortex beams, Nature. 467 (2010) 301–304.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Sigmundsson, S. Hreinsdóttir, A. Hooper, T. Arnadóttir, R. Pedersen, M.J. Roberts, N. Oskarsson, A. Auriac, J. Decriem, P. Einarsson, H. Geirsson, M. Hensch, B.G. Ofeigsson, E. Sturkell, H. Sveinbjörnsson, K.L. Feigl, Intrusion triggering of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull explosive eruption, Nature. 468 (2010) 426–430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.L. Smith, Distillation Control, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Q. Louveaux, M. Skutella, eds., Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization: 18th International Conference, IPCO 2016, Liège, Belgium, June 1-3, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K.E. Wolff, Applications of Temporal Conceptual Semantic Systems, in: K.E. Wolff, D.E. Palchunov, N.G. Zagoruiko, U. Andelfinger (Eds.), Knowledge Processing and Data Analysis: First International Conference, KONT 2007, Novosibirsk, Russia, September 14-16, 2007 and First International Conference, KPP 2007,Darmstadt, Germany, September 28-30, 2007. Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University.

Blog post
J. Fang, Even Nicotine-Free E-Cig Vapor Damages Lung Cells, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Social Security Administration: Software Development Process Improvements Started But Work Remains, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Grimpo, How asthma is related with the rate of influenza vaccination in California’s children, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Filling the Child Care Breach, New York Times. (2008) NJ3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University
ISSN (print)1110-0931

Other styles