How to format your references using the Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.A. Carrero-Martínez, Education. Rethink summer student research, Science. 334 (2011) 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.P. Gomes, B. Selman, Computer science. Satisfied with physics, Science. 297 (2002) 784–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Basile-Doelsch, J.D. Meunier, C. Parron, Another continental pool in the terrestrial silicon cycle, Nature. 433 (2005) 399–402.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Dai, C.C. Wang, S.A. Harich, X. Wang, X. Yang, S. Der Chao, R.T. Skodje, Interference of quantized transition-state pathways in the H + D2 -> D + HD chemical reaction, Science. 300 (2003) 1730–1734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Maidl, M. Thewes, U. Maidl, Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2014.
An edited book
J.B. Dimick, C.C. Greenberg, eds., Success in Academic Surgery: Health Services Research, Springer, London, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Zatt, M. Shafique, S. Bampi, J. Henkel, Energy-Efficient Architectures for Multiview Video Coding, in: M. Shafique, S. Bampi, J. Henkel (Eds.), 3D Video Coding for Embedded Devices: Energy Efficient Algorithms and Architectures, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 127–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University.

Blog post
E. Andrew, No, Chocolate Probably Won’t Protect You From Heart Disease and Stroke, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Role of Field Operations in the Federal Communications Commission’s Regulatory Structure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.-T. Fan, Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communication, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty, New York Times. (2014) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University
ISSN (print)1110-0931

Other styles