How to format your references using the Operations Research Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operations Research Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lawler A. NATIONAL SECURITY: Relief, Rebukes Follow Agreement on Lee. Science 2000;289:1851–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Du L, Poovaiah BW. Ca2+/calmodulin is critical for brassinosteroid biosynthesis and plant growth. Nature 2005;437:741–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kuzuyama T, Noel JP, Richard SB. Structural basis for the promiscuous biosynthetic prenylation of aromatic natural products. Nature 2005;435:983–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Budowle B, Schutzer SE, Einseln A, Kelley LC, Walsh AC, Smith JAL, et al. Public health. Building microbial forensics as a response to bioterrorism. Science 2003;301:1852–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bisen PS, Debnath M, Prasad GBKS. Microbes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Chan CKK, Rao N, editors. Revisiting The Chinese Learner: Changing Contexts, Changing Education. vol. 25. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Champagne D, Elbaz R, Lee RB. The Reduced Address Space (RAS) for Application Memory Authentication. In: Wu T-C, Lei C-L, Rijmen V, Lee D-T, editors. Information Security: 11th International Conference, ISC 2008, Taipei, Taiwan, September 15-18, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 47–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operations Research Perspectives.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Nope, Your Intelligence Probably Isn’t Solely Inherited From Your Mother. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/nope-your-intelligence-probably-isnt-solely-inherited-from-your-mother/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. A Look at NASA’s Aircraft Energy Efficiency Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Brown O. Business and IT leaders’ behavioral affects on alignment and project outcome: A comparative leadership study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hollander S. Princeton’s Atkinson Won’t Let Injuries Stop Him. New York Times 2002:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOperations Research Perspectives
AbbreviationOper. Res. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2214-7160
Scope

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