How to format your references using the Operations Research Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operations Research Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Trainor P. Development. The bills of qucks and duails. Science 2003;299:523–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zhang Z, Wang J. Long-range hybrid wedge plasmonic waveguide. Sci Rep 2014;4:6870.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Foster SL, Hargreaves DC, Medzhitov R. Gene-specific control of inflammation by TLR-induced chromatin modifications. Nature 2007;447:972–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Deng H-X, Chen W, Hong S-T, Boycott KM, Gorrie GH, Siddique N, et al. Mutations in UBQLN2 cause dominant X-linked juvenile and adult-onset ALS and ALS/dementia. Nature 2011;477:211–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Matthys W, Lochman JE. Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder in Childhood. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Nowobilska M. Potsdamer Platz: The Reshaping of Berlin. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
de Paula LF, Prates DM. Financial Flows to Emerging Economies and Policy Alternatives Post 2008. In: Gevorkyan AV, Canuto O, editors. Financial Deepening and Post-Crisis Development in Emerging Markets: Current Perils and Future Dawns, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operations Research Perspectives.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Lips are the Most Exposed Erogenous Zone, Which Makes Kissing Feel Very Good. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/lips-are-most-exposed-erogenous-zone-which-makes-kissing-feel-very-good/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: Information on FAA’s Research, Engineering, and Development Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Koblick DC. Parallel high-precision orbit propagation using the modified Picard-Chebyshev method. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. An Island, Untamed and Divided. New York Times 2008:WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOperations Research Perspectives
AbbreviationOper. Res. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2214-7160
Scope

Other styles