How to format your references using the International Journal of Thermophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Thermophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. S. E. Mikaloff-Fletcher, Science 349, 1165 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. A. Calka and D. Wexler, Nature 419, 147 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. J. Schieber, J. Southard, and K. Thaisen, Science 318, 1760 (2007).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. J. P. Collman, N. K. Devaraj, R. A. Decréau, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Yan, W. Ebina, T. A. Eberspacher, and C. E. D. Chidsey, Science 315, 1565 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. U. L. Rohde, G. C. Jain, A. K. Poddar, and A. K. Ghosh, Introduction to Integral Calculus (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011).
An edited book
1. V. Sassone, editor , Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 8th International Conference, FOSSACS 2005, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2005, Edinburgh, UK, April 4-8, 2005. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005).
A chapter in an edited book
1. S. Bessler and P. Reichl, in Telecommunications Planning: Innovations in Pricing, Network Design and Management, edited by S. Raghavan and G. Anandalingam (Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006), pp. 89–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Thermophysics.

Blog post
1. K. Hamilton, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. C. Edson, A Mixed-Methods Investigation on Contributing Factors to the Political Efficacy of Eighth Grade Students in a Suburban School District in Missouri, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. J. R. Oestreich, New York Times C5 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Thermophysics
AbbreviationInt. J. Thermophys.
ISSN (print)0195-928X
ISSN (online)1572-9567
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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