How to format your references using the International Journal of Thermophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Thermophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. P. G. Richards, Nature 435, 1176 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. T. A. Laurence and S. Weiss, Science 299, 667 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. A. Hasnaoui, H. Van Swygenhoven, and P. M. Derlet, Science 300, 1550 (2003).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. S. Van Eck, S. Goriely, A. Jorissen, and B. Plez, Nature 412, 793 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. L. J. Gage, Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008).
An edited book
1. Z.-S. Chen, The Soils of Taiwan (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1. S. Delepoulle, C. Renaud, and M. Chelle, in Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Computer Graphics, edited by D. Plemenos and G. Miaoulis (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009), pp. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Thermophysics.

Blog post
1. T. Hale, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. G. G. Gramajo, Guidance Control of Small UAV with Energy and Maneuverability Limitations for a Search and Coverage Mission, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. L. Saslow, New York Times LI2 (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Thermophysics
AbbreviationInt. J. Thermophys.
ISSN (print)0195-928X
ISSN (online)1572-9567
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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