How to format your references using the Nurse Education Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Education Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patenaude, G., 2010. Climate class for business schools. Nature 466, 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Legler, B., Moore, G., 2000. East German academics faced unfair hurdles. Nature 403, 130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao, Y., Jiang, J., Huang, H., 2014. Chemical dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene with polyethylene glycol and hydroxide: dominant effect of temperature and ionic potential. Sci. Rep. 4, 6305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fontanari Krause, L.M., Japp, A.S., Krause, A., Mooster, J., Chopra, M., Müschen, M., Bohlander, S.K., 2014. Identification and characterization of OSTL (RNF217) encoding a RING-IBR-RING protein adjacent to a translocation breakpoint involving ETV6 in childhood ALL. Sci. Rep. 4, 6565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart, J.M., 2001. Managing for World Class Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Szabó, R., Zhu, H., Imre, S., Chaparadza, R. (Eds.), 2011. Access Networks: 5th International ICST Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2010 and First ICST International Workshop on Autonomic Networking and Self-Management in Access Networks, SELFMAGICNETS 2010, Budapest, Hungary, November 3-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Muraoka, M., Tohmyoh, H., 2011. Evaluation of Mechanical Properties, in: Saka, M. (Ed.), Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion, Engineering Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 93–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Education Today.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. This Is The First Biofluorescent Turtle Ever Found [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Information Technology: SSA Needs to Address Limitations in Management Controls and Human Capital Planning to Support Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-14-308). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rabalais, M.E., 2014. STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Collier; Sophia Collier is the president of the American Natural Beverage Corporation, 1988. STREET SMARTS. New York Times 674.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patenaude, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Legler and Moore, 2000; Patenaude, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Legler and Moore, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Fontanari Krause et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Education Today
AbbreviationNurse Educ. Today
ISSN (print)0260-6917
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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