How to format your references using the Stem Cells and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Colliex C (2015). Chemistry. Tracking the merry dance of nanoparticles. Science 349: 232–233.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wood BJ and AN Halliday (2005). Cooling of the Earth and core formation after the giant impact. Nature 437: 1345–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Humanes-Valera D, G Foffani and J Aguilar (2014). Increased cortical responses to forepaw stimuli immediately after peripheral deafferentation of hindpaw inputs. Sci Rep 4: 7278.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Rodríguez-Negrete EA, S Sánchez-Campos, MC Cañizares, J Navas-Castillo, E Moriones, ER Bejarano and A Grande-Pérez (2014). A sensitive method for the quantification of virion-sense and complementary-sense DNA strands of circular single-stranded DNA viruses. Sci Rep 4: 6438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cremona C (2013). Structural Performance (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
1. (2014). Philosophical Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jensen MJ and N Anstead (2014). Campaigns and Social Media Communications: A Look at Digital Campaigning in the 2010 U.K. General Election. In The Internet and Democracy in Global Perspective: Voters, Candidates, Parties, and Social Movements, Grofman, B, AH Trechsel and M Franklin, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 57–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells and Development.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2015). MPs Vote No On Assisted Dying – So What Are The Arguments For And Against? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2006). Space Acquisitions: Improvements Needed in Space Systems Acquisitions and Keys to Achieving Them (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilbur LJ (2017). Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pennington B (2016). After the Heisman, a Long, Lonely Slide. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells and Development
AbbreviationStem Cells Dev.
ISSN (print)1547-3287
ISSN (online)1557-8534
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology

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