How to format your references using the Stem Cells and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Metzger RA (2000). The stars my incarnation. Nature 408: 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Reverter D and CD Lima (2005). Insights into E3 ligase activity revealed by a SUMO-RanGAP1-Ubc9-Nup358 complex. Nature 435: 687–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Buszczak M, S Paterno and AC Spradling (2009). Drosophila stem cells share a common requirement for the histone H2B ubiquitin protease scrawny. Science 323: 248–251.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Shimizu K, H Ishikawa, D Takao, T Yagi and K Amaya (2002). Superconductivity in compressed lithium at 20 K. Nature 419: 597–599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. New TR (2012). Hymenoptera and Conservation (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
1. (2010). Trustworthly Global Computing: 5th International Symposium, TGC 2010, Munich, Germany, February 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rose DH and S Lapinski (2011). What Can Technology Learn from the Brain? In Breakthrough Teaching and Learning: How Educational and Assistive Technologies Are Driving Innovation, Gray, T and H Silver-Pacuilla, eds. (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 53–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells and Development.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2014). Neanderthals May Not Have Been as Inferior as Suggested (IFLScience).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2010). Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Sustained Attention Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Estrin EM (2012). Individual Doubles: A Look at Twinship and Attachment Theory. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L (2007). 14,000 Sq. Ft., Shady Past, All for Just $8.3 Million. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells and Development
AbbreviationStem Cells Dev.
ISSN (print)1547-3287
ISSN (online)1557-8534
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
Hematology

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