How to format your references using the Stem Cells and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Melton L (2004). Protein arrays: proteomics in multiplex. Nature 429: 101–107.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Abbott A and Q Schiermeier (2000). Deep roots of Nazi science revealed. Nature 407: 823–824.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fu Y, Y Xu and H Chen (2014). Additional modes in a waveguide system of zero-index-metamaterials with defects. Sci Rep 4: 6428.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Gabor NM, Z Zhong, K Bosnick, J Park and PL McEuen (2009). Extremely efficient multiple electron-hole pair generation in carbon nanotube photodiodes. Science 325: 1367–1371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lade PV (2016). Triaxial Testing of Soils (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
1. (2016). Heat Shock Proteins and Plants (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Léon G (2007). Cooperative Models for Information Technology Transfer in the Context of Open Innovation. In Organizational Dynamics of Technology-Based Innovation: Diversifying the Research Agenda: IFIP TC 8 WG 8.6 International Working Conference, June 14–16, Manchester, UK, McMaster, T, D Wastell, E Ferneley and JI DeGross, eds. (Boston, MA: Springer US), pp. 43–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells and Development.

Blog post
1. Hale T (2016). Stunning Footage Of Three Whales “Dancing” Around A Boat (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1988). Railroad Safety: Reporting Time Frames and Results of Post-Accident Drug Tests (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Asare KB (2016). Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L (2007). It’s Not Their Party, but They’ll Still Take Levy. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells and Development
AbbreviationStem Cells Dev.
ISSN (print)1547-3287
ISSN (online)1557-8534
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology

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