How to format your references using the Stem Cells and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rabiner L (2003). Computer science. The power of speech. Science 301: 1494–1495.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vohr SH and RE Green (2015). Development. Aneuploidy and mother’s genes. Science 348: 180–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gregory JM, P Huybrechts and SCB Raper (2004). Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature 428: 616.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Zhang Y-X, K Perry, VA Vinci, K Powell, WPC Stemmer and SB del Cardayré (2002). Genome shuffling leads to rapid phenotypic improvement in bacteria. Nature 415: 644–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fong ACM and SC Hui (2006). Multimedia Engineering (Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
1. (2007). Advances in Databases and Information Systems: 11th East European Conference, ADBIS 2007, Varna, Bulgaria, September 29-October 3, 2007. Proceedings (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Garner G (2013). Trends and Issues: The Consumption and Sustainability of Digital Media in the Modern Global Economy. In Educational Media and Technology Yearbook: Volume 37, Orey, M, SA Jones and RM Branch, eds. (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells and Development.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2014). Shark Week Drinking Game (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1998). Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alsobrook JA (2013). Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW (2013). MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells and Development
AbbreviationStem Cells Dev.
ISSN (print)1547-3287
ISSN (online)1557-8534
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology

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