How to format your references using the Stem Cells and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McFadden P (2002). Tech.Sight. Biosensors. Broadband biodetection: Holmes on a chip. Science 297: 2075–2076.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Giuseppone N and J-F Lutz (2011). Materials chemistry: catalytic accordions. Nature 473: 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sakai T, M Larsen and KM Yamada (2003). Fibronectin requirement in branching morphogenesis. Nature 423: 876–881.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Vik JO, NC Stenseth, G Tavecchia, A Mysterud and OC Lingjaerde (2004). Ecology: living in synchrony on Greenland coasts? Nature 427: 697–698; discussion 698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Darbyshire P and D Hampton (2012). Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA (Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.).
An edited book
1. (2015). Lessons From Fukushima: Japanese Case Studies on Science, Technology and Society (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Takahashi E, Y Kasai, M Murakawa and T Higuchi (2006). Post-Fabrication Clock-Timing Adjustment Using Genetic Algorithms. In Evolvable Hardware, Higuchi, T, Y Liu and X Yao, eds. (Boston, MA: Springer US), pp. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells and Development.

Blog post
1. Davis J (2017). Hair Analysis Shows Aboriginal People Have Been Living In The Same Places For 50,000 Years (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1989). Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Caldretti M (2017). Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ (2017). Blue Apron Slashes Price For Its I.P.O. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells and Development
AbbreviationStem Cells Dev.
ISSN (print)1547-3287
ISSN (online)1557-8534
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology

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