How to format your references using the International Dairy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Dairy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segall, P. (2012). Geophysics. Understanding earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6082), 676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baldwin, M. P., & Dunkerton, T. J. (2001). Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 581–584.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi, G., Bisio, A., & Pozzo, T. (2013). Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Scientific Reports, 3, 1168.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Collins, G. A., Lipford, J. R., Deshaies, R. J., & Tansey, W. P. (2009). Gal4 turnover and transcription activation. Nature, 461(7265), E7; discussion E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kampen, T. U. (2010). Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Adamyan, V. M., Gohberg, I., Kochubei, A., Popov, G., Berezansky, Y., Gorbachuk, M., Gorbachuk, V., & Langer, H. (Eds.). (2009). Modern Analysis and Applications: The Mark Krein Centenary Conference Volume 2: Differential Operators and Mechanics (Vol. 191). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Quijada, D. (2016). Retiology as Ideological Determinism in the Media: A Political Economy Perspective. In J. L. Garcia (Ed.), Pierre Musso and the Network Society: From Saint-Simonianism to the Internet (pp. 83–101). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Dairy Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 28). Researchers Spot The Early Growth Of A Giant Galaxy, Just 3 Billion Years After The Big Bang. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs (GAO-14-212). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang, S. D. (2012). The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J. R. (2017, July 27). Your Car Is Keeping Tabs on You. So Who’s It Tattling To? New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segall, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baldwin & Dunkerton, 2001; Segall, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baldwin & Dunkerton, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gavazzi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Collins et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Dairy Journal
AbbreviationInt. Dairy J.
ISSN (print)0958-6946
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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