How to format your references using the International Dairy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Dairy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browse, J. (2010). Plant science. Saving the bilayer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6001), 185–186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mangalam, M., & Karve, S. M. (2015). ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-space mapping in the newborn chick resembles humans’ mental number line.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6242), 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves, B., Balcan, D., & Vespignani, A. (2013). Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Scientific Reports, 3, 810.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muneepeerakul, R., Bertuzzo, E., Lynch, H. J., Fagan, W. F., Rinaldo, A., & Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. (2008). Neutral metacommunity models predict fish diversity patterns in Mississippi-Missouri basin. Nature, 453(7192), 220–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum, A. (2007). System Building with APL + Win. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Foster, J. (2006). A Short Course in General Relativity (J. D. Nightingale, Ed.; Third Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Waheeb, W., & Ghazali, R. (2016). Multi-step Time Series Forecasting Using Ridge Polynomial Neural Network with Error-Output Feedbacks. In M. W. Berry, A. Hj. Mohamed, & B. W. Yap (Eds.), Soft Computing in Data Science: Second International Conference, SCDS 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 21-22, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 48–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Dairy Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 22). British Man Receives Bionic Eye Implant. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Deaf Education: Improved Oversight Needed for National Technical Institute for the Deaf (HRD-94-23). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schewe, E. M. (2016). Re-establishing Connections: Listening to Women Psychology Students Talk about Recovery [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2014, April 3). Loving Trees, Even the Messy Ones. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Browse, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Browse, 2010; Mangalam & Karve, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mangalam & Karve, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Gonçalves et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Muneepeerakul et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Dairy Journal
AbbreviationInt. Dairy J.
ISSN (print)0958-6946
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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