How to format your references using the International Dairy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Dairy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dresser, R. (2012). Research ethics. Aligning regulations and ethics in human research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6094), 527–528.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edwards, M., & Richardson, A. J. (2004). Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch. Nature, 430(7002), 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand, J., Wagih, O., & Bader, G. D. (2013). The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Scientific Reports, 3, 2651.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Coqueugniot, H., Hublin, J.-J., Veillon, F., Houët, F., & Jacob, T. (2004). Early brain growth in Homo erectus and implications for cognitive ability. Nature, 431(7006), 299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M. A., & Kaplan, L. (2012). The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hall, R. W. (Ed.). (2006). Patient Flow: Reducing Delay in Healthcare Delivery (Vol. 91). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Spaargaren, G., & van Koppen, C. S. A. K. (2009). Provider Strategies and the Greening of Consumption Practices: Exploring the Role of Companies in Sustainable Consumption. In L. Meier & H. Lange (Eds.), The New Middle Classes: Globalizing Lifestyles, Consumerism and Environmental Concern (pp. 81–100). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Dairy Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 20). Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Leg Unveiled. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Highway Safety: Motorcycle Helmet Laws Save Lives and Reduce Costs to Society (No. RCED-91-170). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhuang, S. (2008). Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., Thomas, L., Jr., Sorkin, A. R., & Kelly, K. (2017, August 16). Rebellion by Business Leaders Spelled End of Trump Councils. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dresser, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dresser, 2012; Edwards & Richardson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edwards & Richardson, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Reimand, Wagih, & Bader, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Coqueugniot, Hublin, Veillon, Houët, & Jacob, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Dairy Journal
AbbreviationInt. Dairy J.
ISSN (print)0958-6946
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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