How to format your references using the International Dairy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Dairy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wakeley, J. (2008). Complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature, 452(7184), E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsen, T. W., & Graveley, B. R. (2010). Expansion of the eukaryotic proteome by alternative splicing. Nature, 463(7280), 457–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Howes, P. D., Chandrawati, R., & Stevens, M. M. (2014). Bionanotechnology. Colloidal nanoparticles as advanced biological sensors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 1247390.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahrens, J., Amselem, E., Cabello, A., & Bourennane, M. (2013). Two fundamental experimental tests of nonclassicality with qutrits. Scientific Reports, 3, 2170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beneke, D., Peters, M., Glasser, D., & Hildebrandt, D. (2012). Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Varon, J. (2014). Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values (R. E. Fromm Jr., Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jirsa, V. K., & Ghosh, A. (2010). Spontaneous brain dynamics emerges at the edge of instability. In D. A. Steyn-Ross & M. Steyn-Ross (Eds.), Modeling Phase Transitions in the Brain (pp. 81–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Dairy Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 30). Pig Heart Transplants For Humans Could Be On Their Way. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Telecommunications: Issues Related to the Structure and Funding of Public Television (GAO-07-150). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diorio, C. A. (2010). The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. (2017, April 17). A Sense of Place. New York Times, M2100.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wakeley, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nilsen & Graveley, 2010; Wakeley, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsen & Graveley, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Howes et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahrens et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Dairy Journal
AbbreviationInt. Dairy J.
ISSN (print)0958-6946
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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