How to format your references using the Cephalalgia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cephalalgia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstein JN. Biochemistry. A postgenomic visual icon. Science 2008; 319: 1772–1773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawaguchi S, Ng DTW. Cell biology. Sensing ER stress. Science 2011; 333: 1830–1831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meindl JD, Chen Q, Davis JA. Limits on silicon nanoelectronics for terascale integration. Science 2001; 293: 2044–2049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang Y, Yu L, Liang J-Q, et al. Quantum phases in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh MP, Huhns MN. Service-Oriented Computing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Graeb HE (ed). Analog Layout Synthesis: A Survey of Topological Approaches. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournier H-D, Mercier P, Roche P-H. Surgical anatomy of the petrous apex and petroclival region. In: Pickard JD, Akalan N, Rocco CD, et al. (eds) Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Vienna: Springer, 2007, pp. 91–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cephalalgia.

Blog post
Hale T. These Campers Were Woken Up By Lions Licking Rainwater Off Their Tent. IFLScience, (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid. HR-95-10, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 February 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight AK. Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions. Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Leaders Attend Installation of Orthodox Patriarch. New York Times, 2 February 2009, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCephalalgia
ISSN (print)0333-1024
ISSN (online)1468-2982
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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