How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahmed F. Health: Edible advice. Nature. 2010;468(7327):S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruocco G, Fratalocchi A. Period doubling induced by thermal noise amplification in genetic circuits. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7088.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi A, Kinjo R, Ichinohe M. A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science. 2004;305(5691):1755-1757.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu T, Zhang Y, Cai JW, Pan HY. Thermally robust Mo/CoFeB/MgO trilayers with strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase CW. Next Generation Demand Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Pokluda J. Micromechanisms of Fracture and Fatigue: In a Multiscale Context. Vol 0. (Šandera P, ed.). Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsuruyama T, Yamanaka N, Kuwana K, Masamune K, Kim K, Dohi T. Polarizing Beam Splitter Endoscope for Simultaneously Observing Front and Lateral View. In: Dohi T, Liao H, eds. Computer Aided Surgery: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Aided Surgery, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2011, Proceedings. Proceedings in Information and Communications Technology. Springer Japan; 2012:29-37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
Hale T. Study Looks Into Your Chances Of Surviving A Zombie Apocalypse. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Prisoners Receiving Social Security and Other Federal Retirement, Disability, and Education Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patrick NS. Employees’ Perceptions of Employers’ Response After Workplace Injury. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. August 3, 2017:C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles