How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wunsch C. Moon, tides and climate. Nature. 2000;405(6788):743-744.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gutierrez MP, Lee LP. Engineering. Multiscale design and integration of sustainable building functions. Science. 2013;341(6143):247-248.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Salganik MJ, Dodds PS, Watts DJ. Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science. 2006;311(5762):854-856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Blanchon P, Eisenhauer A, Fietzke J, Liebetrau V. Rapid sea-level rise and reef back-stepping at the close of the last interglacial highstand. Nature. 2009;458(7240):881-884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Richards SA, Hollerton JC. Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Davim JP, ed. Surface Integrity in Machining. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rosas-Tellez LV, Zanella-Palacios V, Martínez-Flores JL. Solution of a Modified Balanced Academic Curriculum Problem Using Evolutionary Strategies. In: Madani K, Dourado A, Rosa A, Filipe J, eds. Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2011, Paris, France, October 24-26, 2011. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2013:49-58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. There Were More Selfie-Related Fatalities Than Shark Attack Deaths This Year. IFLScience. Published September 23, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/selfie-related-fatalities-higher-shark-attack-deaths-year/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FAA’s Implementation of the Expanded East Coast Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garyan D. Converging origins: Never forget what happened in the future. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson M. Springsteen Racks Up A Big Broadway Week. New York Times. October 10, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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