How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beyea J. Science and society. The smart electricity grid and scientific research. Science. 2010;328(5981):979-980.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson JB, Johnson KG. Paleoecology. Measuring past biodiversity. Science. 2001;293(5539):2401-2404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green DR, Galluzzi L, Kroemer G. Mitochondria and the autophagy-inflammation-cell death axis in organismal aging. Science. 2011;333(6046):1109-1112.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hahnloser RH, Sarpeshkar R, Mahowald MA, Douglas RJ, Seung HS. Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit. Nature. 2000;405(6789):947-951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben-Daya M, Kumar U, Murthy DNP. Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Rimdusit S. Alloys and Composites of Polybenzoxazines: Properties and Applications. (Jubsilp C, Tiptipakorn S, eds.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Quirk TJ, Quirk MH, Horton HF. One-Group t-Test for the Mean. In: Quirk MH, Horton HF, eds. Excel 2010 for Environmental Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Springer International Publishing; 2015:65-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter? IFLScience. Published March 21, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security: Measure of Telephone Service Accuracy Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu H. Outcomes of China Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program, 2003–2010. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi S. Vanishing Acts. New York Times. November 10, 2013:BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles