How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch I. Quantum gases. Science. 2008;319(5867):1202-1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moiseff A, Copeland J. Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter. Science. 2010;329(5988):181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dandekar AA, Chugani S, Greenberg EP. Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science. 2012;338(6104):264-266.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clutton-Brock TH, Russell AF, Sharpe LL, et al. Effects of helpers on juvenile development and survival in meerkats. Science. 2001;293(5539):2446-2449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maini AK, Agrawal V. Satellite Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Leung SW, Hu H, eds. Evidence-Based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Dessimoz JD, Gauthey PF. What Role for Emotions in Cooperating Robots? – The Case of RH3-Y. In: Gottscheber A, Obdržálek D, Schmidt C, eds. Research and Education in Robotics - EUROBOT 2009: International Conference, La Ferté-Bernard, France, May 21-23, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2010:38-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
Andrew E. Human Experiments – The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly. IFLScience. Published June 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Report and Fiscal Year 2001 Performance Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez J. Viviendo En Las Sombras: Examining the Educational Experiences of Undocumented Immigrant Latino Students in a Public Secondary School Setting. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Bill Penalizes Adults in Under-Age Drinking. New York Times. July 15, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles