How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodges A. Computer science. Beyond Turing’s machines. Science. 2012;336(6078):163-164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Han Y, Grier DG. Fluid dynamics: Vortex rings in a constant electric field. Nature. 2003;424(6946):267-268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powner MW, Gerland B, Sutherland JD. Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. Nature. 2009;459(7244):239-242.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Y, Tan Y-W, Stormer HL, Kim P. Experimental observation of the quantum Hall effect and Berry’s phase in graphene. Nature. 2005;438(7065):201-204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman H. Stress and Your Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Merker GP. Simulating Combustion: Simulation of Combustion and Pollutant Formation for Engine-Development. (Schwarz C, Stiesch G, Otto F, eds.). Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng S, Shi H, Kang L, Ding L. Orthogonal Dynamic Hill Climbing Algorithm: ODHC. In: Yang S, Ong Y-S, Jin Y, eds. Evolutionary Computation in Dynamic and Uncertain Environments. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2007:79-104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Horizons Finally Gets Up Close With Pluto – For 15 Minutes. IFLScience. Published July 14, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Research Insufficient to Assess Program Impact. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sosa Tzec O. Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M. The Provocateur President Meets Athletes’ Resolve. New York Times. September 23, 2017:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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