How to format your references using the Medical Journal Armed Forces India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Journal Armed Forces India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rees WE. Ecological footprints: A blot on the land. Nature. 2003;421(6926):898.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hammerl G, Spaldin N. Physics. Shedding light on oxide interfaces. Science. 2011;332(6032):922-923.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wisse BE, Kim F, Schwartz MW. Physiology. An integrative view of obesity. Science. 2007;318(5852):928-929.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Myers S, Bottolo L, Freeman C, McVean G, Donnelly P. A fine-scale map of recombination rates and hotspots across the human genome. Science. 2005;310(5746):321-324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Caltagirone J-P. Discrete Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Karafolas S, ed. Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chackelson C, Errasti A, Tanco M. A World Class Order Picking Methodology: An Empirical Validation. In: Frick J, Laugen BT, eds. Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:27-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Journal Armed Forces India.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Bone Tissue Regrown Using Proteins from Stem Cells. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/bone-tissue-regrown-using-proteins-stem-cells/. Published May 14, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Advanced Automation System: Implications of Problems and Recent Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ton N-Q. A hierarchical wireless network architecture for building automation and control systems: Implementation and simulation study. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. War Ends, but Divisions Remain. New York Times. September 5, 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Journal Armed Forces India
AbbreviationMed J. Armed Forces India
ISSN (print)0377-1237
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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