How to format your references using the ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, D. Spending Review Leaves Research in the Lurch. Nature 2010, 467 (7319), 1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gantz, V. M.; Bier, E. Genome Editing. The Mutagenic Chain Reaction: A Method for Converting Heterozygous to Homozygous Mutations. Science 2015, 348 (6233), 442–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lisiecki, L. E.; Raymo, M. E.; Curry, W. B. Atlantic Overturning Responses to Late Pleistocene Climate Forcings. Nature 2008, 456 (7218), 85–88.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xu, X.; Huang, D.; Cao, K.; Wang, M.; Zakeeruddin, S. M.; Grätzel, M. Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide Multilayer Films as Efficient Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warnock, G.; Ghafary, M.; Shaheen, G. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2015.
An edited book
Explorations in Narrative Research; Goodson, I. F., Loveless, A. M., Stephens, D., Eds.; Studies in Professional Life and Work; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2012; Vol. 6.
A chapter in an edited book
Bijak, J.; Kupiszewski, M. International Migration Trends in Europe Prior to 2002. In International Migration and the Future of Populations and Labour in Europe; Kupiszewski, M., Ed.; The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Jurassic World: If You Make A Monster It Will Always Bite Back (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Health; OISS-81-8; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scott, E. Effects of Cultural Nutritional Education among Hispanic Women with Diabetes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina, J.; Pérez-Peña, R.; Goldman, A. Meticulous Plan To Rain Carnage On Concertgoers. New York Times. October 4, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationACS Med. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-5875

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