How to format your references using the ACS Macro Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Macro Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bjorn, G. Dissension in the Ranks. Nature 2008, 454 (7207), 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haiser, H. J.; Turnbaugh, P. J. Is It Time for a Metagenomic Basis of Therapeutics? Science 2012, 336 (6086), 1253–1255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froese, T.; Iizuka, H.; Ikegami, T. Embodied Social Interaction Constitutes Social Cognition in Pairs of Humans: A Minimalist Virtual Reality Experiment. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3672.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bromm, V.; Yoshida, N.; Hernquist, L.; McKee, C. F. The Formation of the First Stars and Galaxies. Nature 2009, 459 (7243), 49–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.; Roberts, R. Vital Signs for Nurses; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Reconsidering Archaeological Fieldwork: Exploring On-Site Relationships Between Theory and Practice; Cobb, H., Harris, O. J. T., Jones, C., Richardson, P., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, K.; Terakawa, S. Biochemical Studies on Myelin of the Nervous System. In Myelinated Fibers and Saltatory Conduction in the Shrimp: The Fastest Impulse Conduction in the Animal Kingdom; Terakawa, S., Ed.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2013; pp 31–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Macro Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Why We’ll All Learn To Love Genetically Modified Salmonella In The End. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Finance: Options for Improving Measures of Effort and Equity in Title I; HEHS-96-142; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, A. Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder, A. A Cheeseburger, a Suburban Traffic Stop and a Ticket for Eating While Driving. New York Times. January 21, 2015, p A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Macro Letters
AbbreviationACS Macro Lett.
ISSN (online)2161-1653

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