How to format your references using the ACS Macro Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Macro Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, A. P. Virology. What Links Bats to Emerging Infectious Diseases? Science 2005, 310 (5748), 628–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson, E. B.; Harrison, T. M. Zircon Thermometer Reveals Minimum Melting Conditions on Earliest Earth. Science 2005, 308 (5723), 841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, D. S. G.; Knight, M.; Wiggs, G. F. S. Remobilization of Southern African Desert Dune Systems by Twenty-First Century Global Warming. Nature 2005, 435 (7046), 1218–1221.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pagani, M.; Zachos, J. C.; Freeman, K. H.; Tipple, B.; Bohaty, S. Marked Decline in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations during the Paleogene. Science 2005, 309 (5734), 600–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, G. C. Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to Today’s Technologies: 9th International Conference, UAHCI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I; Antona, M., Stephanidis, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9175.
A chapter in an edited book
Dornan, D.; Settleman, J. Predictive Biomarkers for Antibody–Drug Conjugates. In Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications; Phillips, G. L., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Macro Letters.

Blog post
Hale, T. Brewery Has Created Six-Pack Holders That Can Be Eaten By Marine Life (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Restructuring of the District of Columbia Department of Public Works’ Division of Transportation; GAO-01-347R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mete, R. J. Can STEM Initiatives Be Social Justice Oriented: An Analysis of Urban School Reform via Smaller Learning Communities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. Front Porches and Easy Strolls. New York Times. July 24, 2016, p RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Macro Letters
AbbreviationACS Macro Lett.
ISSN (online)2161-1653

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