How to format your references using the ACS Macro Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Macro Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu, X. Surface Recombination and Charged Exciton in Nanocrystal Quantum Dots on Photonic Crystals under Two-Photon Excitation. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5039.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, J.; Chan, F. K.-M. Cell Biology. RIPK3 Takes Another Deadly Turn. Science 2014, 343 (6177), 1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S.; Duffy, J. E.; Zavaleta, E. The Functions of Biological Diversity in an Age of Extinction. Science 2012, 336 (6087), 1401–1406.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sen, D.; Balakrishnan, B.; Gabriel, N.; Agrawal, P.; Roshini, V.; Samuel, R.; Srivastava, A.; Jayandharan, G. R. Improved Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) Serotype 1 and 5 Vectors for Gene Therapy. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sagolla, D. 140 Characters; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Wilson, K. C. Slurry Transport Using Centrifugal Pumps, Third Edition.; Addie, G. R., Sellgren, A., Clift, R., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Eskin, I.; Hormozdiari, F.; Conde, L.; Riby, J.; Skibola, C.; Eskin, E.; Halperin, E. EALPS: Estimating Abundance Levels in Pooled Sequencing Using Available Genotyping Data. In Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 17th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2013, Beijing, China, April 7-10, 2013. Proceedings; Deng, M., Jiang, R., Sun, F., Zhang, X., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 32–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Macro Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Palaeolithic Diet And The Unprovable Links To Our Past. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Aviation Challenges of the 1990s: Experts Define Key Problems and Identify Emerging Issues; RCED-91-152; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, A. D. A Qualitative Study of Clinical Oncology Nurses’ Perceptions of Work-Life Balance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. Crosstown Rivalry: Mothers Inc. New York Times. May 9, 1999, p 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Macro Letters
AbbreviationACS Macro Lett.
ISSN (online)2161-1653

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