How to format your references using the ACS Macro Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Macro Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J. Chemistry. Inventing the Nanomolecular Wheel. Science 2005, 310 (5745), 63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver, G.; Garman, E. Virology. The Origin and Control of Pandemic Influenza. Science 2001, 293 (5536), 1776–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deroche-Gamonet, V.; Belin, D.; Piazza, P. V. Evidence for Addiction-like Behavior in the Rat. Science 2004, 305 (5686), 1014–1017.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ruz, J. J.; Tamayo, J.; Pini, V.; Kosaka, P. M.; Calleja, M. Physics of Nanomechanical Spectrometry of Viruses. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stafford, F. Reading Romantic Poetry; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
HCI International 2014 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014. Proceedings, Part I; Stephanidis, C., Ed.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 434.
A chapter in an edited book
Laurenczy, C.; Berlie, D.; Jacot, J. Ultrasonic Press–Fitting: A New Assembly Technique. In Precision Assembly Technologies and Systems: 7th IFIP WG 5.5 International Precision Assembly Seminar, IPAS 2014, Chamonix, France, February 16-18, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Ratchev, S., Ed.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp 22–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Macro Letters.

Blog post
Fang, J. Bearded Dragons Can Change The Color Of Specific Body Parts (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem; RCED/AIMD-99-57; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S. Control-Display Alignment Modulates Dimensional Salience. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. In a First, Graphic Novelist Is National Envoy for Children’s Literature. New York Times. January 4, 2016, p C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Macro Letters
AbbreviationACS Macro Lett.
ISSN (online)2161-1653

Other styles