How to format your references using the ACS Macro Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Macro Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forrest, L. R. Structural Biology. (Pseudo-)Symmetrical Transport. Science 2013, 339 (6118), 399–401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, L.; Simpson, S. Drug Resistance. Deadly Defiance. Introduction to Special Issue. Science 2008, 321 (5887), 355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, J. J.; Björnmalm, M.; Caruso, F. Multilayer Assembly. Technology-Driven Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Nanofilms. Science 2015, 348 (6233), aaa2491.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Um, S.; Fraimout, A.; Sapountzis, P.; Oh, D.-C.; Poulsen, M. The Fungus-Growing Termite Macrotermes Natalensis Harbors Bacillaene-Producing Bacillus Sp. That Inhibit Potentially Antagonistic Fungi. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B. G. Wealth Exposed; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Behavioral Health Promotion and Intervention in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 1st ed. 2016.; Luiselli, J. K., Ed.; Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Strank, W. The Legacy of IMuse: Interactive Video Game Music in the 1990s. In Music and Game: Perspectives on a Popular Alliance; Moormann, P., Ed.; Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Wiesbaden, 2013; pp 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Macro Letters.

Blog post
Hale, T. Timelapse Shows A Wall Of Smog Descend On Beijing Within Minutes. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reply to the Health, Education, and Welfare on Recommendations Made in the GAO Report to the Congress; B-117604(7); U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pappa, D. M. A Study of Various Process Factors in the Scale Up of a High Shear Granulated Product. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Hard Feelings. New York Times. September 1, 2000, p D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Macro Letters
AbbreviationACS Macro Lett.
ISSN (online)2161-1653

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