How to format your references using the ACS Energy Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Energy Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, H. We Cannot Live by Scepticism Alone. Nature 2009, 458 (7234), 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sime, L. C.; Wolff, E. W. Antarctic Accumulation Seasonality. Nature 2011, 479 (7372), E1-2; author reply E2-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillebrandt, H.; Friston, K. J.; Blakemore, S.-J. Effective Connectivity during Animacy Perception--Dynamic Causal Modelling of Human Connectome Project Data. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sinclair, R. C.; Mark, M. M.; Moore, S. E.; Lavis, C. A.; Soldat, A. S. An Electoral Butterfly Effect. Nature 2000, 408 (6813), 665–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner, D. J. The ETF Handbook; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells; Hime, G., Abud, H., Eds.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; Vol. 786.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas, J. C.; Schroeder, D.; Arnason, G.; Andanda, P.; Kimani, J.; Fournier, V.; Krishnamurthy, M. Donating Human Samples: Who Benefits? Cases from Iceland, Kenya and Indonesia. In Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics; Schroeder, D., Cook Lucas, J., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp 95–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Energy Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Activists Will Use Drones to Fly Abortion Pills into Poland (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration; GAO-01-258; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, M. Enamel -Dentine Junction Morphology of Extant Hominoid and Fossil Hominin Lower Molars. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, H.; Shear, M. D.; Searcey, D. Travel Ban on Chad Could Harm American Interests, Officials Say. New York Times. September 26, 2017, p A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Energy Letters
AbbreviationACS Energy Lett.
ISSN (online)2380-8195

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