How to format your references using the ACS Energy Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Energy Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lippard, S. J. Chemical Synthesis: The Art of Chemistry. Nature 2002, 416 (6881), 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mas-Ballesté, R.; Que, L., Jr. Chemistry. Targeting Specific C-H Bonds for Oxidation. Science 2006, 312 (5782), 1885–1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, A. S. Y.; Kranzusch, P. J.; Cate, J. H. D. EIF3 Targets Cell-Proliferation Messenger RNAs for Translational Activation or Repression. Nature 2015, 522 (7554), 111–114.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kamermans, M.; Fahrenfort, I.; Schultz, K.; Janssen-Bienhold, U.; Sjoerdsma, T.; Weiler, R. Hemichannel-Mediated Inhibition in the Outer Retina. Science 2001, 292 (5519), 1178–1180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon, C.; Hale, R. Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 14th International Conference, SoMet 2015, Naples, Italy, September 15-17, 2015. Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015.; Fujita, H., Guizzi, G., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 532.
A chapter in an edited book
Jahan, S.; Sakidin, H.; Nazar, R. Simultaneous Effects of Soret and Dufour on the Unsteady Stagnation Point Flow of Micropolar Fluid Towards a Permeable Stretching Sheet. In Recent Advances in Mathematical Sciences: Selected Papers from ICREM7 2015; Kılıçman, A., Srivastava, H. M., Mursaleen, M., Abdul Majid, Z., Eds.; Springer: Singapore, 2016; pp 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Energy Letters.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. This Ostrich Robot Can Run On Two Legs (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation: Bibliography of GAO Documents, January 1985-December 1988; RCED-89-130; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, S. A. Ecopoetry and Ecocentrism: The Poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pear, R.; Pilon, M. Auto Racetrack Owners Keep Coveted Tax Break. New York Times. January 5, 2013, p A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Energy Letters
AbbreviationACS Energy Lett.
ISSN (online)2380-8195

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