How to format your references using the ACS Energy Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Energy Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert, F. Isotope Geochemistry. The Origin of Water on Earth. Science 2001, 293 (5532), 1056–1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gleich, B.; Weizenecker, J. Tomographic Imaging Using the Nonlinear Response of Magnetic Particles. Nature 2005, 435 (7046), 1214–1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper, C. B.; Scammell, T. E.; Lu, J. Hypothalamic Regulation of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms. Nature 2005, 437 (7063), 1257–1263.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Toh, R. J.; Peng, W. K.; Han, J.; Pumera, M. Direct in Vivo Electrochemical Detection of Haemoglobin in Red Blood Cells. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen, R.; Oades, L. G.; Caputi, P. Psychological Recovery; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Fouché, G. Accelerated VB 2008; Nash, T., Ed.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, L. K.; Arvidsson, A.; Nielsen, F. A.; Colleoni, E.; Etter, M. Good Friends, Bad News - Affect and Virality in Twitter. In Future Information Technology: 6th International Conference, FutureTech 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011, Proceedings, Part II; Park, J. J., Yang, L. T., Lee, C., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 34–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Energy Letters.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Star Without Iron Inspires Galactic Archaeology. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Remedial Education: Modifying Chapter 1 Formula Would Target More Funds to Those Most in Need; HRD-92-16; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verkaik, P. Enhancing Networking Protocols in Widely Deployed Devices. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. They Were With Her From the Very Start. New York Times. December 24, 2016, p ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Energy Letters
AbbreviationACS Energy Lett.
ISSN (online)2380-8195

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