How to format your references using the ACS Energy Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Energy Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilgner, E. Mantophasmatodea: A New Insect Order? Science 2002, 297 (5582), 731; discussion 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kronenberg, M.; Havran, W. L. Immunology: Oiling the Wheels of Autoimmunity. Nature 2014, 506 (7486), 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu, L. Q.; Cheley, S.; Bayley, H. Capture of a Single Molecule in a Nanocavity. Science 2001, 291 (5504), 636–640.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Coqueugniot, H.; Hublin, J.-J.; Veillon, F.; Houët, F.; Jacob, T. Early Brain Growth in Homo Erectus and Implications for Cognitive Ability. Nature 2004, 431 (7006), 299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani, G.; Laporte, G.; Musmanno, R. Introduction to Logistics Systems Management; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Inflammasome Signaling and Bacterial Infections; Backert, S., Ed.; Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 397.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodet, X.; Schwarz, D. Spectral Envelopes and Additive + Residual Analysis/Synthesis. In Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception of Musical Sounds: The Sound of Music; Beauchamp, J. W., Ed.; Modern Acoustics and Signal Processing; Springer: New York, NY, 2007; pp 175–227.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Energy Letters.

Blog post
Davis, J. Human Medicine And Agricultural Chemicals Found In The Blood Of Turtles. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.19); AIMD-10.1.19; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perilla, J. Y. Support Group for Neonatal Intensive Care Families: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kasich, J. End Partisan Warfare on Health Care. New York Times. March 10, 2017, p A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Energy Letters
AbbreviationACS Energy Lett.
ISSN (online)2380-8195

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