How to format your references using the Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faber, K. T. (2013). Materials science. Small volumes create super(elastic) effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6153), 1464–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergman, A., & Siegal, M. L. (2003). Evolutionary capacitance as a general feature of complex gene networks. Nature, 424(6948), 549–552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jordan, S. P., Lee, K. S. M., & Preskill, J. (2012). Quantum algorithms for quantum field theories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1130–1133.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kraus, S., Hofmann, K.-H., Menten, K. M., Schertl, D., Weigelt, G., Wyrowski, F., Meilland, A., Perraut, K., Petrov, R., Robbe-Dubois, S., Schilke, P., & Testi, L. (2010). A hot compact dust disk around a massive young stellar object. Nature, 466(7304), 339–342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arifin, S. M. N., Madey, G. R., & Collins, F. H. (2016). Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iwamoto, N., Yuen, M. M. F., & Fan, H. (Eds.). (2012). Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiao, J., & Liu, J. (2006). A SVM-Based Blur Identification Algorithm for Image Restoration and Resolution Enhancement. In B. Gabrys, R. J. Howlett, & L. C. Jain (Eds.), Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 10th International Conference, KES 2006, Bournemouth, UK, October 9-11, 2006. Proceedings, Part II (pp. 28–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, June 7). Fish Can Tell People Apart By Their Faces. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Department of Education GMR (B-241690). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E. C.-R. (2010). Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Luongo, M. T. (2017, July 10). Beyond Technology: Hotels Train Workers in Personal Touch. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faber, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bergman & Siegal, 2003; Faber, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergman & Siegal, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jordan et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kraus et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbbreviationRes. Autism Spectr. Disord.
ISSN (print)1750-9467
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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