How to format your references using the Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. C. (2003). Photonic crystal fibres. Nature, 424(6950), 847–851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, M., & Shiba, Y. (2005). Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dobson, D. P., Meredith, P. G., & Boon, S. A. (2002). Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1407–1410.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ligi, M., Bonatti, E., Cipriani, A., & Ottolini, L. (2005). Water-rich basalts at mid-ocean-ridge cold spots. Nature, 434(7029), 66–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Golio, M. (2006). Engineering Your Retirement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hockenbery, D. M. (Ed.). (2016). Mitochondria and Cell Death. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakawa, M., Nishizaki, I., & Katagiri, H. (2011). Multiobjective Fuzzy Random Programming. In I. Nishizaki & H. Katagiri (Eds.), Fuzzy Stochastic Multiobjective Programming (pp. 101–168). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 15). Second Group of Isolated Indians Contact Outsiders Following Attacks. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Motor Vehicle Safety: Comprehensive State Programs Offer Best Opportunity for Increasing Use of Safety Belts (RCED-96-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fine, J. G. (2017). Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015 [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, June 15). Lost in Paris. New York Times, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2003; Sugita & Shiba, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita & Shiba, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Dobson et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ligi et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbbreviationRes. Autism Spectr. Disord.
ISSN (print)1750-9467
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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