How to format your references using the Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, G. N. (2002). A pit stop at the ER. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1654–1655.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peck, J. R., & Waxman, D. (2000). Mutation and sex in a competitive world. Nature, 406(6794), 399–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warner, D. A., Uller, T., & Shine, R. (2013). Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio. Scientific Reports, 3, 2709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brenguier, F., Campillo, M., Hadziioannou, C., Shapiro, N. M., Nadeau, R. M., & Larose, E. (2008). Postseismic relaxation along the San Andreas fault at Parkfield from continuous seismological observations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1478–1481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2000). Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Battiti, R. (2009). Reactive Search and Intelligent Optimization (M. Brunato & F. Mascia, Eds.; Vol. 45). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Käläntär, K. (2014). Backlights. In N. Koide (Ed.), The Liquid Crystal Display Story: 50 Years of Liquid Crystal R&D that lead The Way to the Future (pp. 117–129). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 22). Ever Wonder Why Your Poop is Sometimes Green? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II (RCED-00-110R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, Z. (2010). Financial restatements: Implications for management earnings forecasts [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stolberg, S. G., & Nixon, R. (2015, April 22). Another City, Another Death in Public Eye. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gill, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gill, 2002; Peck & Waxman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peck & Waxman, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Warner et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brenguier et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbbreviationRes. Autism Spectr. Disord.
ISSN (print)1750-9467
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles