How to format your references using the Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Valadkhan, S. (2005). Young Scientist Award essay winner. Construction of a minimal, protein-free spliceosome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 863–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, A., & Koehler, A. N. (2015). Drug discovery. Tying up a transcription factor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6223), 713–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halevy, I., Johnston, D. T., & Schrag, D. P. (2010). Explaining the structure of the Archean mass-independent sulfur isotope record. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5988), 204–207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barabash, S., Fedorov, A., Lundin, R., & Sauvaud, J.-A. (2007). Martian atmospheric erosion rates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5811), 501–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crighton, D. A., & Towl, G. J. (2009). Psychology in Prisons. BPS Blackwell.
An edited book
Raghukumar, C. (Ed.). (2012). Biology of Marine Fungi (Vol. 53). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, K. W., Yau, J. X. R., Said, N., Yoon, S. J., Tan, C. K., Nguyen, L. V., & Thang, S. M. (2016). Designing a Collaborative Malaysian-Vietnamese Online Writing Project: A Design-Based Research. In J. E. Luaran, J. Sardi, A. Aziz, & N. A. Alias (Eds.), Envisioning the Future of Online Learning: Selected Papers from the International Conference on e-Learning 2015 (pp. 53–67). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 7). Gravitational Wave Discovery Still Clouded By Galactic Dust. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Limited Progress in Development of Business Enterprise Architecture and Oversight of Information Technology Investments (GAO-04-731R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnett, J. (2017). Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, January 23). Limits on Prison Suits Are Eased. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Valadkhan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Koehler, 2015; Valadkhan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Koehler, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Halevy et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Barabash et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbbreviationRes. Autism Spectr. Disord.
ISSN (print)1750-9467
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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