How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Insect Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Insect Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nogrady B: Neurobiology: life beyond the pain. Nature 2014, 515:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodson JL, Bass AH: Forebrain peptides modulate sexually polymorphic vocal circuitry. Nature 2000, 403:769–772.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley S, Ash C, Roberts L: Tuberculosis & malaria. Landscapes of infection. Introduction. Science 2010, 328:841.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ma C, Liu M, Chen C, Lin Y, Li Y, Horwitz JS, Jiang J, Meletis EI, Zhang Q: The origin of local strain in highly epitaxial oxide thin films. Sci Rep 2013, 3:3092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham BE: Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Romano L, Pinto A (Eds): Errors in Radiology. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Burns B, Innes J, Day T: The Use and Potential of Pest-Proof Fencing for Ecosystem Restoration and Fauna Conservation in New Zealand. In Fencing for Conservation: Restriction of Evolutionary Potential or a Riposte to Threatening Processes?. Edited by Somers MJ, Hayward M. Springer; 2012:65–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Insect Science.

Blog post
Andrews R: Here’s How To See Today’s Arietids Daylight Meteor Shower. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Education Finance: Extent of Federal Funding in State Education Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL: From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union. 2012,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly JL: Preserving Our Relevance. New York Times 1972,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Insect Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-5745
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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