How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Insect Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Insect Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N: Cell imaging: New ways to see a smaller world. Nature 2008, 456:825–828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pena LD, Goldstein SL: Thermohaline circulation crisis and impacts during the mid-Pleistocene transition. Science 2014, 345:318–322.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grant AN, Brönnimann S, Haimberger L: Recent Arctic warming vertical structure contested. Nature 2008, 455:E2-3; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yu H, Lu C, Tieu AK, Godbole A, Su L, Sun Y, Liu M, Tang D, Kong C: Fabrication of ultra-thin nanostructured bimetallic foils by Accumulative Roll Bonding and Asymmetric Rolling. Sci Rep 2013, 3:2373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cochetti R: Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Apel S: Feature-Oriented Software Product Lines: Concepts and Implementation. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Belov G, Stuckey PJ, Tack G, Wallace M: Improved Linearization of Constraint Programming Models. In Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 22nd International Conference, CP 2016, Toulouse, France, September 5-9, 2016, Proceedings. Edited by Rueher M. Springer International Publishing; 2016:49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Insect Science.

Blog post
Andrew E: Nanoparticles Deliver Three Cancer Drugs at Once. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Chemical Assessments: Low Productivity and New Interagency Review Process Limit the Usefulness and Credibility of EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak CH: A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J: Bar Cars Are Coming Back, but Don’t Expect a Seat. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Insect Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-5745
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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