How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Insect Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Insect Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad CP: Oceans. How climate influences sea-floor topography. Science 2015, 347:1204–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan KD, Johnson MA: Chemistry. Downsizing the hydrated electron’s lair. Science 2010, 329:42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stefanová I, Dorfman JR, Germain RN: Self-recognition promotes the foreign antigen sensitivity of naive T lymphocytes. Nature 2002, 420:429–434.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pederson J, Young R, Lucchitta I, Beard LS, Billingsley G: Comment on “Age and evolution of the Grand Canyon revealed by U-Pb dating of water table-type speleothems.” Science 2008, 321:1634; author reply 1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue BM: Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ambroszkiewicz S, Brzeziński J, Cellary W, Grzech A, Zieliński K (Eds): Advanced SOA Tools and Applications. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheng Z, Dewilde P, Chandrasekaran S: Algorithms to Solve Hierarchically Semi-separable Systems. In System Theory, the Schur Algorithm and Multidimensional Analysis. Edited by Alpay D, Vinnikov V. Birkhäuser; 2007:255–294.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Insect Science.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientists Engineer First Bone Marrow-On-A-Chip. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: IRS Management: Business and Systems Modernization Pose Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luong W: An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees. 2009,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Oral Dissents Give Ginsburg A New Voice. New York Times 2007,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Insect Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-5745
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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