How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Insect Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Insect Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P: Another British invasion? Nature 2002, 420:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuss A, Woodhouse J: Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle. Science 2001, 294:354–357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W, Smith C, Cheng L: Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci Rep 2013, 3:2376.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ryu J-H, Kim S-H, Lee H-Y, Bai JY, Nam Y-D, Bae J-W, Lee DG, Shin SC, Ha E-M, Lee W-J: Innate immune homeostasis by the homeobox gene caudal and commensal-gut mutualism in Drosophila. Science 2008, 319:777–782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paris JL, Paris JL: CliffsNotes® Praxis II®. Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
de Magistris M: Circuiti: Fondamenti di circuiti per l’Ingegneria. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Quintard M: Nanofluids of the Future. In Advances in Transport Phenomena: 2009. Edited by Wang L. Springer; 2009:179–243.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Insect Science.

Blog post
Fang J: Make Your Own Droplet Microscope Lens for a Penny. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman KM: Parent involvement in the promotion of healthy outcomes for young girls: A grant writing project. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B: Again Flashing Classic Form, Venus Williams Advances. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Insect Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-5745
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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