How to format your references using the Acoustics Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acoustics Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K.: Collaborations: Mining the motherlodes. Nature. 527, S8-9 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarascon, J.M., Armand, M.: Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries. Nature. 414, 359–367 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Curtis, R., Groarke, A., Sullivan, F.: Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 5569 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stamper, C.C., Zhang, Y., Tobin, J.F., Erbe, D.V., Ikemizu, S., Davis, S.J., Stahl, M.L., Seehra, J., Somers, W.S., Mosyak, L.: Crystal structure of the B7-1/CTLA-4 complex that inhibits human immune responses. Nature. 410, 608–611 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner-Martin, L.: A History of American Literature. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford (2012)
An edited book
Preedy, V.R., Watson, R.R. eds: Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures. Springer, New York, NY (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, P., Dai, G., Fu, T., Zeng, H., Zhang, X.: A Lazy EDF Interrupt Scheduling Algorithm for Multiprocessor in Parallel Computing Environment. In: Jin, H., Rana, O.F., Pan, Y., and Prasanna, V.K. (eds.) Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 7th International Conference, ICA3PP 2007, Hangzhou, China, June 11-14, 2007. Proceedings. pp. 49–59. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acoustics Australia.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Five Myths About Gravitational Waves,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Views Differ on Need for Change to Insurance Approach but Clarification Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghosh, D.D.: Audio Watermarking Using DWT Algorithm and Symmetric Key Cryptography, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcoustics Australia
AbbreviationAcoust. Aust.
ISSN (print)0814-6039
ISSN (online)1839-2571

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