How to format your references using the Acoustics Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acoustics Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon, P.: Numerical cognition without words: evidence from Amazonia. Science. 306, 496–499 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Endy, D., Brent, R.: Modelling cellular behaviour. Nature. 409, 391–395 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, C.J., Fedida, D., Accili, E.A.: Allosteric coupling of the inner activation gate to the outer pore of a potassium channel. Sci. Rep. 3, 3025 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ranz, J.M., Castillo-Davis, C.I., Meiklejohn, C.D., Hartl, D.L.: Sex-dependent gene expression and evolution of the Drosophila transcriptome. Science. 300, 1742–1745 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz, E.R., Belfort, M.A., Saade, G.R., Miller, H.: Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Murray-Smith, R., Shorten, R. eds: Switching and Learning in Feedback Systems: European Summer School on Multi-Agent Control, Maynooth, Ireland, September 8-10, 2003, Revised Lectures and Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Kechagias, D., Laspas, F.: Imaging of Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms. In: Sakorafas, G.H., Smyrniotis, V., and Sarr, M.G. (eds.) Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: From Imaging to Differential Diagnosis and Management. pp. 37–52. Springer, Milano (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acoustics Australia.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Smallest Panda Twin Cub Dies,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Health, Education, Employment, and Income Security Reports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, L.: A community risk assessment of the 90062 zip code, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcoustics Australia
AbbreviationAcoust. Aust.
ISSN (print)0814-6039
ISSN (online)1839-2571

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