How to format your references using the International Journal of Biometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tidwell L (2004) Scientists and societies. First, find your postdocs. Nature 428:678
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis CL, Coffroth MA (2004) The acquisition of exogenous algal symbionts by an octocoral after bleaching. Science 304:1490–1492
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaudelli NM, Long DH, Townsend CA (2015) β-Lactam formation by a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase during antibiotic biosynthesis. Nature 520:383–387
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tian F, Toon OB, Pavlov AA, De Sterck H (2005) A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere. Science 308:1014–1017

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros N, Kanaka-Gantenbein C, Liatis S, et al (2011) Diabetic Emergencies. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Zimmer J (ed) (2010) Natural Killer Cells: At the Forefront of Modern Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pirkwieser S, Raidl GR, Puchinger J (2008) A Lagrangian Decomposition/Evolutionary Algorithm Hybrid for the Knapsack Constrained Maximum Spanning Tree Problem. In: Cotta C, Hemert J van (eds) Recent Advances in Evolutionary Computation for Combinatorial Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biometeorology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Teenager Invents Energy-Generating Shoe Insoles. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) GAO Work Related to ESEA of 1965. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray TM (2008) A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) A Flock of Shylocks Descends .. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tidwell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tidwell 2004; Lewis and Coffroth 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewis and Coffroth 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biometeorology
AbbreviationInt. J. Biometeorol.
ISSN (print)0020-7128
ISSN (online)1432-1254
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles