How to format your references using the International Journal of Biometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander RM (2007) Biophysics. Antennae as gyroscopes. Science 315:771–772
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz B, Giardini D (2001) Geophysics. The future of permanent seismic networks. Science 293:2000–2001
A journal article with 3 authors
Bigelow MS, Lepeshkin NN, Boyd RW (2003) Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid. Science 301:200–202
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang F, Zhang Y, Tian C, et al (2008) Gate-variable optical transitions in graphene. Science 320:206–209

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boero R (2015) Behavioral Computational Social Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Harju T, Karhumäki J, Lepistö A (eds) (2007) Developments in Language Theory: 11th International Conference, DLT 2007, Turku, Finland, July 3-6, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Payne-James JJ, Payne-James JJ, Hinchliffe J (2011) Injury Assessment, Documentation, and Interpretation. In: Stark MM (ed) Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 133–167

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biometeorology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Rare “Sea Serpent” Washes Up Dead On California Beach. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) International Air Travelers: CBP Collaborates with Stakeholders to Facilitate the Arrivals Process, but Could Strengthen Reporting of Airport Wait Times. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellerbrook SL (2009) Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the gender sub-groups. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier JS (2013) Home Is Where the Harm Is. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001; Alexander 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biometeorology
AbbreviationInt. J. Biometeorol.
ISSN (print)0020-7128
ISSN (online)1432-1254
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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