How to format your references using the International Journal of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Morris, M. Astronomy. Galactic prominences on the rise. Science 2006, 314, 70–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Donovan, P.J.; Gearhart, J. The end of the beginning for pluripotent stem cells. Nature 2001, 414, 92–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Debayle, E.; Kennett, B.; Priestley, K. Global azimuthal seismic anisotropy and the unique plate-motion deformation of Australia. Nature 2005, 433, 509–512.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Ylikorkala, A.; Rossi, D.J.; Korsisaari, N.; Luukko, K.; Alitalo, K.; Henkemeyer, M.; Mäkelä, T.P. Vascular abnormalities and deregulation of VEGF in Lkb1-deficient mice. Science 2001, 293, 1323–1326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tobias, J.; Hochhauser, D. Cancer and its Management; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118468753.
An edited book
1.
LACAME 2006: Proceedings of the 10th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (LACAME 2006) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 5–9 November 2006; Larica, C., Mercader, R.C., Partiti, C., Gancedo, J.R., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; ISBN 9783540855583.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xu, W.; Zheng, C.; Sankoff, D. Paths and Cycles in Breakpoint Graphs of Random Multichromosomal Genomes. In Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings; Bourque, G., El-Mabrouk, N., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 51–62 ISBN 9783540445296.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Financial Studies.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan, J. Hubble Snaps Incredible Image Of A Super Bright Star Cluster At The Milky Way’s Heart (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office The Department of Education’s Actions To Collect Defaulted Student Loans; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wylie, R.W. Response to Intervention: A Study of Intervention Programs in Rural Secondary Schools. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson, G. Living at Random. New York Times 2015, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Financial Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Fin. Stud.
ISSN (online)2227-7072
Scope

Other styles