How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology (TOSEM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Robert T. Watson. 2003. Climate change: the political situation. Science 302, 5652 (December 2003), 1925–1926.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Steven A. Frank and Martin A. Nowak. 2003. Cell biology: Developmental predisposition to cancer. Nature 422, 6931 (April 2003), 494.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
J. B. Pendry, Yu Luo, and Rongkuo Zhao. 2015. Transforming the optical landscape. Science 348, 6234 (May 2015), 521–524.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
S. Pironio, A. Acín, S. Massar, A. Boyer de la Giroday, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, S. Olmschenk, D. Hayes, L. Luo, T. A. Manning, and C. Monroe. 2010. Random numbers certified by Bell’s theorem. Nature 464, 7291 (April 2010), 1021–1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Louis J. DiBerardinis, Janet S. Baum, Melvin W. First, Gari T. Gatwood, and Anand K. Seth. 2013. Guidelines for Laboratory Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
[1]
Serge Haddad and Lucia Pomello (Eds.). 2012. Application and Theory of Petri Nets: 33rd International Conference, PETRI NETS 2012, Hamburg, Germany, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Luis Sánchez, Jorge Lanza, and Luis Muñoz. 2007. Federating Personal Networks over Heterogeneous Ad-hoc Scenarios. In Personal Wireless Communications: The 12th IFIP International Conference on Personal Wireless Communications (PWC 2007), Prague, Czech Republic, September 2007, Robert Bestak, Boris Simak and Ewa Kozlowska (eds.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 38–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology.

Blog post
[1]
Tom Hale. 2016. Inventor Of The World Wide Web Sends Open Letter To “Save The Open Internet In Europe.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from https://www.iflscience.com/technology/inventor-of-the-world-wide-web-sends-open-letter-to-save-the-open-internet-in-europe/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-supplement to GAO-05-727. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Frederick A. Aikens. 2012. An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Ben Brantley. 2017. Clash of the Titans. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Softw. Eng. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1049-331X
ISSN (online)1557-7392
Scope

Other styles