How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amber Jenkins. 2004. Graduate journal: one of those days. Nature 427, 6977 (February 2004), 870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Philippe Renaud and Paul Leong. 2008. Chemistry. A light touch catalyzes asymmetric carbon-carbon bond formation. Science 322, 5898 (October 2008), 55–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiangchao Zhao, Susan Murray, and John J. Lipuma. 2014. Modeling the impact of antibiotic exposure on human microbiota. Sci. Rep. 4, (March 2014), 4345.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siew Siew Pang, Richard Berry, Zhenjun Chen, Lars Kjer-Nielsen, Matthew A. Perugini, Glenn F. King, Christina Wang, Sock Hui Chew, Nicole L. La Gruta, Neal K. Williams, Travis Beddoe, Tony Tiganis, Nathan P. Cowieson, Dale I. Godfrey, Anthony W. Purcell, Matthew C. J. Wilce, James McCluskey, and Jamie Rossjohn. 2010. The structural basis for autonomous dimerization of the pre-T-cell antigen receptor. Nature 467, 7317 (October 2010), 844–848.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiduo Hu. 2015. Fundamental Spacecraft Dynamics and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nachum Dershowitz and Ephraim Nissan (Eds.). 2014. Language, Culture, Computation. Computational Linguistics and Linguistics: Essays Dedicated to Yaacov Choueka on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pim Vullers and Gergely Alpár. 2013. Efficient Selective Disclosure on Smart Cards Using Idemix. In Policies and Research in Identity Management: Third IFIP WG 11.6 Working Conference, IDMAN 2013, London, UK, April 8-9, 2013. Proceedings, Simone Fischer-Hübner, Elisabeth de Leeuw and Chris Mitchell (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2016. Pulsating White Dwarf Whips Its Companion Star With Beam Of Particles. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vernice J. Moody. 2012. Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Shpigel. 2017. Leader of Chiefs’ Special Teams Gives the Humble Punt Its Due. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Sensor Networks
AbbreviationACM Trans. Sens. Netw.
ISSN (print)1550-4859
ISSN (online)1550-4867

Other styles