How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julianne J. Dalcanton. 2009. 18 years of science with the Hubble Space Telescope. Nature 457, 7225 (January 2009), 41–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent R. Helliker and Suzanna L. Richter. 2008. Subtropical to boreal convergence of tree-leaf temperatures. Nature 454, 7203 (July 2008), 511–514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfgang Christian, Francisco Esquembre, and Lyle Barbato. 2011. SPORE series winner. Open source physics. Science 334, 6059 (November 2011), 1077–1078.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reto Huber, M. Felice Ghilardi, Marcello Massimini, and Giulio Tononi. 2004. Local sleep and learning. Nature 430, 6995 (July 2004), 78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kai Zeng, Wenjing Lou, and Ming Li. 2011. Multihop Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Catherine L. Ross. 2014. Health Impact Assessment in the United States. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Paul L. Rosin and Xianfang Sun. 2014. Edge Detection Using Cellular Automata. In Cellular Automata in Image Processing and Geometry, Paul Rosin, Andrew Adamatzky and Xianfang Sun (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 85–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Researcher who Faked HIV Vaccine Trial Data gets 4 Year Jail Sentence. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karlee N. Burns. 2017. Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robert Kelly. 2002. Postmodern Conveniences. New York Times, 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

Other styles