How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan S. Lewis. 2007. Toward cost-effective solar energy use. Science 315, 5813 (February 2007), 798–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junjie Li and Ji-Xin Cheng. 2014. Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells. Sci. Rep. 4, (October 2014), 6807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arwen Deuss, Jessica C. E. Irving, and John H. Woodhouse. 2010. Regional variation of inner core anisotropy from seismic normal mode observations. Science 328, 5981 (May 2010), 1018–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ho Nyung Lee, Dietrich Hesse, Nikolai Zakharov, and Ulrich Gösele. 2002. Ferroelectric Bi3.25La0.75Ti3O12 films of uniform a-axis orientation on silicon substrates. Science 296, 5575 (June 2002), 2006–2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dipak L. Sengupta and Valdis V. Liepa. 2005. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jeffrey Broadbent and Vicky Brockman (Eds.). 2011. East Asian Social Movements: Power, Protest, and Change in a Dynamic Region. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Peter Bednar and Moufida Sadok. 2016. Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice: Socio-Technical Toolbox. In Empowering Organizations: Enabling Platforms and Artefacts, Teresina Torre, Alessio Maria Braccini and Riccardo Spinelli (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Astronaut Photographs Explosions Over Israel And Gaza From Space. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Computerized Hospital Medical Information Systems Need Further Evaluation To Ensure Benefits From Huge Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shirley A. Klippel. 2005. The Celtic siren: A case study of William Sharp’s seduction experience in which the numinous other is understood and interpreted. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Eligon. 2016. On Big Stage, Ward Makes Big Statement. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

Other styles