How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. V. Tollestrup. 2000. Robert Rathbun Wilson (1914-2000). Nature 404, 6776 (March 2000), 350.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orrin H. Pilkey and J. Andrew G. Cooper. 2004. Climate. Society and sea level rise. Science 303, 5665 (March 2004), 1781–1782.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. H. Schön, C. Kloc, and B. Batlogg. 2000. Superconductivity at 52 K in hole-doped C60. Nature 408, 6812 (November 2000), 549–552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rodrigo M. da C. Godinho, Juliana Crestani, Lívia Kmetzsch, Glauber de S. Araujo, Susana Frases, Charley C. Staats, Augusto Schrank, Marilene H. Vainstein, and Marcio L. Rodrigues. 2014. The vacuolar-sorting protein Snf7 is required for export of virulence determinants in members of the Cryptococcus neoformans complex. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chris Smith and Darryl Meeking. 2013. How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Walaiporn Tantikanangkul and Ashley Pritchard (Eds.). 2016. Politics of Autonomy and Sustainability in Myanmar: Change for New Hope…New Life? Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Nicholas C. K. Heng, Philip A. Wescombe, Jeremy P. Burton, Ralph W. Jack, and John R. Tagg. 2007. The Diversity of Bacteriocins in Gram-Positive Bacteria. In Bacteriocins: Ecology and Evolution, Margaret A. Riley and Milind A. Chavan (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 45–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Flies Evade Swatting With Fighter Jet-Like Maneuvering. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP, IRM and Telecommunications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
John J. Anisko. 2012. Selling Mexico’s vistas: A visual discourse analysis of promotional materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Crow. 2001. Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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