How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Natalia L. Komarova. 2015. Cancer: A moving target. Nature 525, 7568 (September 2015), 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anna-Louise Reysenbach and Everett Shock. 2002. Merging genomes with geochemistry in hydrothermal ecosystems. Science 296, 5570 (May 2002), 1077–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubén Casanova-Sáez, Héctor Candela, and José Luis Micol. 2014. Combined haploinsufficiency and purifying selection drive retention of RPL36a paralogs in Arabidopsis. Sci. Rep. 4, (February 2014), 4122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jian-Wei Pan, Sara Gasparoni, Markus Aspelmeyer, Thomas Jennewein, and Anton Zeilinger. 2003. Experimental realization of freely propagating teleported qubits. Nature 421, 6924 (February 2003), 721–725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jian Liu, Xinzhou Dong, Xingying Chen, Xiangqian Tong, Xiaoqing Zhang, and Shiming Xu. 2016. Fault Location and Service Restoration for Electrical Distribution Systems. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Emel Akçali (Ed.). 2016. Neoliberal Governmentality and the Future of the State in the Middle East and North Africa. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Leila Etemad, Mohammad Moshiri, and Seyed Adel Moallem. 2014. Chronic Toxicity of Organophosphorus Compounds. In Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Organophosphorus Compounds, Mahdi Balali-Mood and Mohammad Abdollahi (eds.). Springer, London, 79–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2016. Distant Exoplanets Around Other Stars More Likely To Be Ice Giants Like Neptune. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Information Technology Management: Improvements Needed in Strategic Planning, Performance Measurement, and Investment Management Governmentwide. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seyed Ali Tajer. 2010. Topics in MIMO networks. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. L. Baker, Marc Santora, and Emily Palmer. 2015. Bronx Baby Thrown Out Window Dies; Mother Is Charged With Murder. New York Times, A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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