How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Susanne S. Renner. 2011. Evolution. Living fossil younger than thought. Science 334, 6057 (November 2011), 766–767.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Berlin and H. Ellegren. 2001. Evolutionary genetics. Clonal inheritance of avian mitochondrial DNA. Nature 413, 6851 (September 2001), 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelly Meeusen, J. Michael McCaffery, and Jodi Nunnari. 2004. Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science 305, 5691 (September 2004), 1747–1752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Nishimura, J. Bortnik, W. Li, R. M. Thorne, L. R. Lyons, V. Angelopoulos, S. B. Mende, J. W. Bonnell, O. Le Contel, C. Cully, R. Ergun, and U. Auster. 2010. Identifying the driver of pulsating aurora. Science 330, 6000 (October 2010), 81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jacques Simon. 2017. Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
N. Alon, J. Bourgain, A. Connes, M. Gromov, and V. Milman (Eds.). 2010. Visions in Mathematics: GAFA 2000 Special volume, Part II. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Ascensiòn Gallardo Antolìn, Juan Pascual Garcìa, and Josè Luis Sancho Gòmez. 2007. Radial Basis Function Networks and their Application in Communication Systems. In Computational Intelligence: for Engineering and Manufacturing, Diego Andina and Duc Truong Pham (eds.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 109–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2017. Iceland Is Drilling Four Kilometers Into A Volcano To Produce Clean Energy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Medical Residents: Options Exist to Make Student Loan Payments Manageable. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sayanti Banerjee. 2013. A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Vecsey. 2010. Bond Between Generations, With Football On the Side. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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