How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kevin J. Gaston. 2010. Ecology. Valuing common species. Science 327, 5962 (January 2010), 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michael R. Waters and Thomas W. Stafford Jr. 2007. Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas. Science 315, 5815 (February 2007), 1122–1126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Josanne H. Verhagen, Sander Herfst, and Ron A. M. Fouchier. 2015. Infectious disease. How a virus travels the world. Science 347, 6222 (February 2015), 616–617.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fatmagül Bahar, Philip C. Pratt-Szeliga, Stuart Angus, Jiaye Guo, and Roy D. Welch. 2014. Describing Myxococcus xanthus aggregation using Ostwald ripening equations for thin liquid films. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Jerry Kaufman and Roy Woodhead. 2006. Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jack Martin. 2010. Persons: Understanding Psychological Selfhood and Agency. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiangyu Liu, Jiajia Li, Dahai Zhou, Yunzhe An, and Xiufeng Xia. 2016. Preserving the d-Reachability When Anonymizing Social Networks. In Web-Age Information Management: 17th International Conference, WAIM 2016, Nanchang, China, June 3-5, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Bin Cui, Nan Zhang, Jianliang Xu, Xiang Lian and Dexi Liu (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications.

Blog post
Kristy Hamilton. 2017. Why You Should Donate Your Data (As Well As Your Organs) When You Die. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 1. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kerry M. Lanza. 2008. The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Barron. 2017. In a Move Away From Tradition, Cremations Increase. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
ISSN (print)1551-6857
ISSN (online)1551-6865
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

Other styles