How to format your references using the Acta Astronautica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Astronautica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Grantham, Be persuasive. Be brave. Be arrested (if necessary), Nature. 491 (2012) 303.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Hegerl, P. Stott, Atmospheric science. From past to future warming, Science. 343 (2014) 844–845.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Kang, D.-Y. Koh, H. Lee, Nondestructive natural gas hydrate recovery driven by air and carbon dioxide, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6616.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
U. Nagalakshmi, Z. Wang, K. Waern, C. Shou, D. Raha, M. Gerstein, M. Snyder, The transcriptional landscape of the yeast genome defined by RNA sequencing, Science. 320 (2008) 1344–1349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Rumelhard, C. Algani, A.-L. Billabert, Microwave Photonic Links, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
J.K. Bisht, V.S. Meena, P.K. Mishra, A. Pattanayak, eds., Conservation Agriculture: An Approach to Combat Climate Change in Indian Himalaya, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Sinclair, F. Arzarello, M.T. Gaisman, M.D. Lozano, V. Dagiene, E. Behrooz, N. Jackiw, Implementing Digital Technologies at a National Scale, in: C. Hoyles, J.-B. Lagrange (Eds.), Mathematics Education and Technology-Rethinking the Terrain: The 17th ICMI Study, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Astronautica.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Ancient Nova Is Now Thought To Be A Stellar Collision, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Gas Pipeline Safety: Views on Proposed Legislation to Reauthorize Pipeline Safety Provisions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Jennings, Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Rueck, “ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS”; What’s a Stewardess, New York Times. (1972) travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Astronautica
AbbreviationActa Astronaut.
ISSN (print)0094-5765

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