How to format your references using the Acta Astronautica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Astronautica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z.-X. Luo, Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution, Nature. 450 (2007) 1011–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.H. Rieseberg, J.H. Willis, Plant speciation, Science. 317 (2007) 910–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
O.M. Lönnstedt, M.I. McCormick, D.P. Chivers, Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2259.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Li, B. Dong, Z. Zhang, H.F. Zhang, C. Sun, A transparent broadband ultrasonic detector based on an optical micro-ring resonator for photoacoustic microscopy, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Kothari, Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809, 2008.
An edited book
M. Weichold, M. Hamdi, M.Z. Shakir, M. Abdallah, G.K. Karagiannidis, M. Ismail, eds., Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks: 10th International Conference, CROWNCOM 2015, Doha, Qatar, April 21-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S.W. Loke, Towards Real-Time Context Awareness for Mobile Users: A Declarative Meta-Programming Approach, in: F. Burstein, P. Brézillon, A. Zaslavsky (Eds.), Supporting Real Time Decision-Making: The Role of Context in Decision Support on the Move, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2011: pp. 89–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Astronautica.

Blog post
J. Fang, Seals Blood Contains As Much Carbon Monoxide As A Heavy Smokers’, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Qualifying for Federal Funding of Tribally Controlled Community Colleges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Fulton, Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Tate, The Afterlife, New York Times. (2017) MM17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Astronautica
AbbreviationActa Astronaut.
ISSN (print)0094-5765

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