How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zahn, R., 2009. Climate change: Beyond the CO(2) connection. Nature 460, 335–336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukhopadhyay, D., Riezman, H., 2007. Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science 315, 201–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beaber, J.W., Hochhut, B., Waldor, M.K., 2004. SOS response promotes horizontal dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Nature 427, 72–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hartogh, P., Lis, D.C., Bockelée-Morvan, D., de Val-Borro, M., Biver, N., Küppers, M., Emprechtinger, M., Bergin, E.A., Crovisier, J., Rengel, M., Moreno, R., Szutowicz, S., Blake, G.A., 2011. Ocean-like water in the Jupiter-family comet 103P/Hartley 2. Nature 478, 218–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curry, S.H., Whelpton, R., 2010. Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
De Cecco, C.N., 2014. MDCT and MRI of the Heart, A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Bokemeyer, C., Seidel, C., 2015. Metastatic Germ Cell Cancer: The Intermediate-Prognosis Risk Category, in: Krege, S. (Ed.), Diagnosis and Management of Testicular Cancer: The European Point of View. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Mount Etna Just Exploded Into Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Precollege Math and Science Education: Department of Energy’s Precollege Program Managed Ineffectively (No. HEHS-94-208). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal, D., 2013. English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2009. Russian Orthodox Church Elects Outspoken Patriarch. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zahn, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mukhopadhyay and Riezman, 2007; Zahn, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mukhopadhyay and Riezman, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hartogh et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0167-8760
ScopePhysiology (medical)
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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