How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt, S., 2012. Comparative biology: Looking for a master switch. Nature 492, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, B.W., Tibbetts, R.S., 2015. Neurodegeneration: Problems at the nuclear pore. Nature 525, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, B., Baskin, R.J., Kowalczykowski, S.C., 2013. DNA unwinding heterogeneity by RecBCD results from static molecules able to equilibrate. Nature 500, 482–485.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tang, C., Lennon, E.M., Fredrickson, G.H., Kramer, E.J., Hawker, C.J., 2008. Evolution of block copolymer lithography to highly ordered square arrays. Science 322, 429–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darling-Hammond, L., Meyerson, D., LaPointe, M., Terry Orr, M., Barber, M., Cohen, C., Dailey, K., Davis, S., Flessa, J., Murphy, J., Pecheone, R., Tushnet, N., 2009. Preparing Principals for a Changing World. Jossey-Bas, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Laber, E.S., Bornstein, C., Nogueira, L.T., Faria, L. (Eds.), 2008. LATIN 2008: Theoretical Informatics: 8th Latin American Symposium, Búzios, Brazil, April 7-11, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, S., van Roermund, T., Steigemann, M., 2016. Communication Beyond Vehicles—Road to Automated Driving, in: Schulze, T., Müller, B., Meyer, G. (Eds.), Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2016: Smart Systems for the Automobile of the Future, Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Is Yawning as Contagious in Bonobos as it is in Humans? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Cost Information on the Desegregation of the School Systems in Mobile County and Wilcox County, Alabama (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, J.L., 2009. The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A.L., Mueller, B., 2016. A Shooting, the Hospital and Then, Months Later, a Homicide. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Deweerdt, 2012; Fox and Tibbetts, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Tibbetts, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0167-8760
ScopePhysiology (medical)
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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