How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daley, G.Q., 2007. Gametes from embryonic stem cells: a cup half empty or half full? Science 316, 409–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trauger, J.T., Traub, W.A., 2007. A laboratory demonstration of the capability to image an Earth-like extrasolar planet. Nature 446, 771–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andreae, M.O., Jones, C.D., Cox, P.M., 2005. Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future. Nature 435, 1187–1190.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Inoue, N., Ikawa, M., Isotani, A., Okabe, M., 2005. The immunoglobulin superfamily protein Izumo is required for sperm to fuse with eggs. Nature 434, 234–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale, J., 2007. The Seven Lost Secrets of Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ueno, N.T., Cristofanilli, M. (Eds.), 2012. Inflammatory Breast Cancer: An Update. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yajima, J., Sasaki, Y., Naito, Y., Iwasaki, T., Shimoyama, T., Kunihiro, N., Ohta, K., 2007. A New Strategy for Finding a Differential Path of SHA-1, in: Pieprzyk, J., Ghodosi, H., Dawson, E. (Eds.), Information Security and Privacy: 12th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2007, Townsville, Australia, July 2-4, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Have Fossil Fuels Officially Lost to Renewables? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Customs Automation: Effectiveness of Entry Summary Selectivity System Is Unknown (No. IMTEC-92-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, C., 2017. Safety Mindfulness: The Incorporation of Low-Dose Mindfulness as a Leading Edge Safety Intervention (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Solomon, B.C., 2017. In Grim Camps, Desperate Scene for Rohingya. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Daley, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Daley, 2007; Trauger and Traub, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trauger and Traub, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Inoue et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0167-8760
ScopePhysiology (medical)
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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