How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TIIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David L. Faigman. 2002. Science and the law. Is science different for lawyers? Science 297, 5580 (July 2002), 339–340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarah K. Volkman and Daniel L. Hartl. 2003. Parasitology. A game of cat and mouth. Science 299, 5605 (January 2003), 353–354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ju Bao, Ho-Jin Lee, and Jie J. Zheng. 2013. Genome-wide network analysis of Wnt signaling in three pediatric cancers. Sci. Rep. 3, (October 2013), 2969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Satoshi Murakami, Ryosuke Nakashima, Eiki Yamashita, and Akihito Yamaguchi. 2002. Crystal structure of bacterial multidrug efflux transporter AcrB. Nature 419, 6907 (October 2002), 587–593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul Cliteur. 2010. The Secular Outlook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
E. V. Balian, C. Lévêque, H. Segers, and K. Martens (Eds.). 2008. Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhanwen Liu. 2009. Asthma. In Essentials of Chinese Medicine: Essentials of Clinical Specialties in Chinese Medicine, Zhanwen Liu (ed.). Springer, London, 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Artificial Tweezers Block HIV, Herpes And Hepatitis C. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Time Issues Affecting the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Travis John Wheeler. 2009. Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael J. de la MERCED. 2017. Seeking Next Big Drug, Gilead to Buy Kite Pharma. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Interact. Intell. Syst.
ISSN (print)2160-6455
ISSN (online)2160-6463
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Human-Computer Interaction

Other styles