How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TIIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Spurgeon. 2000. Ontario joins the genomics goldrush. Nature 404, 6779 (April 2000), 692.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ziauddin and D. M. Sabatini. 2001. Microarrays of cells expressing defined cDNAs. Nature 411, 6833 (May 2001), 107–110.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. E. Mayle, R. Burbridge, and T. J. Killeen. 2000. Millennial-scale dynamics of southern Amazonian rain forests. Science 290, 5500 (December 2000), 2291–2294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qian Zhang, Ying-Shou Xu, Lin Huang, Wei Xue, Gong-Qi Sun, Ming-Xiang Zhang, and Fei-Hai Yu. 2014. Does mechanical disturbance affect the performance and species composition of submerged macrophyte communities? Sci. Rep. 4, (May 2014), 4888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Jerry Kaufman and Roy Woodhead. 2006. Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Michel Brion. 2005. Frobenius Splitting Methods in Geometry and Representation Theory. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Vertika Shukla, D. K. Upreti, and Rajesh Bajpai. 2014. Lichen Diversity in Different Lichenogeographical Regions of India. In Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment, Upreti D.k. and Rajesh Bajpai (eds.). Springer India, New Delhi, 61–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2015. Illegal Marijuana Farms In California Are Killing Rare Forest Mammals. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Telecommunications Market in Canada. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lisha Choubey. 2015. Quantitative Assessment of Fgfr1 Expression in Neurons and Glia of the Developing Mouse Brain. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2017. Mets May Start Spring With Outfield As Is. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Interact. Intell. Syst.
ISSN (print)2160-6455
ISSN (online)2160-6463
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Human-Computer Interaction

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