How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TIIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helen Shen. 2014. Interactive notebooks: Sharing the code. Nature 515, 7525 (November 2014), 151–152.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joseph S. Krajcik and Leeann M. Sutherland. 2010. Supporting students in developing literacy in science. Science 328, 5977 (April 2010), 456–459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander Serganov, Lili Huang, and Dinshaw J. Patel. 2008. Structural insights into amino acid binding and gene control by a lysine riboswitch. Nature 455, 7217 (October 2008), 1263–1267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chih-Ying Su, Dong-Gen Luo, Akihisa Terakita, Yoshinori Shichida, Hsi-Wen Liao, Manija A. Kazmi, Thomas P. Sakmar, and King-Wai Yau. 2006. Parietal-eye phototransduction components and their potential evolutionary implications. Science 311, 5767 (March 2006), 1617–1621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierre-Emmanuel Arduin, Michel Grundstein, and Camille Rosenthal-Sabroux. 2015. Information and Knowledge System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frederick E. Petry, Vincent B. Robinson, and Maria A. Cobb (Eds.). 2005. Fuzzy Modeling with Spatial Information for Geographic Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Caroline Donohue, Cynthia Bradley-King, and Helen Cahalane. 2013. Permanency. In Contemporary Issues in Child Welfare Practice, Helen Cahalane (ed.). Springer, New York, NY, 75–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2016. Large New Analysis On Penis Size “Reveals” Something Completely Obvious. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Information Technology: VA and DOD Face Challenges in Completing Key Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teresa L. Eakman. 2017. Education Level and Critical Thinking Skills Among Substance Use Counselors Nationwide: A Descriptive Comparative Study. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Susan Hodara. 2015. Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity. New York Times, CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Interact. Intell. Syst.
ISSN (print)2160-6455
ISSN (online)2160-6463
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Human-Computer Interaction

Other styles