How to format your references using the Cancer and Metastasis Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer and Metastasis Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik, P. (2004). An equal chance. Nature, 432(7019), 931.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gittis, A. H., & Brasier, D. J. (2015). NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6249), 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Agulhon, C., Fiacco, T. A., & McCarthy, K. D. (2010). Hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity are not modulated by astrocyte Ca2+ signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1250–1254.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Bowen, G. J., Clyde, W. C., Koch, P. L., Ting, S., Alroy, J., Tsubamoto, T., … Wang, Y. (2002). Mammalian dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2062–2065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Johnson, M. D. (2016). Great Myths of Intimate Relationships. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Heidrich, J., Oivo, M., Jedlitschka, A., & Baldassarre, M. T. (Eds.). (2013). Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 14th International Conference, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7983). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ide, N., Pustejovsky, J., Cieri, C., Nyberg, E., DiPersio, D., Shi, C., … Wright, J. (2016). The Language Application Grid. In Y. Murakami & D. Lin (Eds.), Worldwide Language Service Infrastructure: Second International Workshop, WLSI 2015, Kyoto, Japan, January 22-23, 2015. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 51–70). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer and Metastasis Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, D. (2016, August 16). What 2,000 Calories Looks Like At Every Major Fast-Food Chain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-2000-calories-looks-like-at-every-major-fastfood-chain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Transportation Infrastructure: Urban Transportation Planning Can Better Address Modal Trade-offs (No. RCED-92-112). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Boylan, S. A. (2017). An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey, G. (2011, January 9). Auburn vs. Oregon: Headsets at 20 Paces. New York Times, p. SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer and Metastasis Reviews
AbbreviationCancer Metastasis Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-7659
ISSN (online)1573-7233
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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