How to format your references using the Metabolic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scharfman, H.E., 2015. Neuroscience. Metabolic control of epilepsy. Science 347, 1312–1313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fei, Y., Bertka, C., 2005. Planetary science. The interior of Mars. Science 308, 1120–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D., Zimmerman, C., Jirout, J., 2011. Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science 333, 971–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cohen, S.B., Graham, M.E., Lovrecz, G.O., Bache, N., Robinson, P.J., Reddel, R.R., 2007. Protein composition of catalytically active human telomerase from immortal cells. Science 315, 1850–1853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Youssef, H.A., 2015. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jong, T. de, 2009. Explorations in Learning and the Brain: On the Potential of Cognitive Neuroscience for Educational Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Barney, H.T., Aurum, A., Low, G.C., Wang, K., 2013. Investigating Post-outsourcing Decisions: Using the Intellectual Capital View, in: Linger, H., Fisher, J., Barnden, A., Barry, C., Lang, M., Schneider, C. (Eds.), Building Sustainable Information Systems: Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Systems Development. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolic Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. China’s Record-Breaking Glass Bridge Is Amazing And Terrifying [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Need to Complete Inventories and Plans to Achieve Expected Savings (No. GAO-11-565). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, M., 2008. The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. Naked Mole Rats Survive Without Oxygen. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scharfman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fei and Bertka, 2005; Scharfman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fei and Bertka, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolic Engineering
AbbreviationMetab. Eng.
ISSN (print)1096-7176
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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