How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Koenig. 2000. COMPUTER SCIENCE: Flushing Out Nasty Viruses in the Balkans. Science 289, 5486 (September 2000), 1863–1865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ian C. Scott and Didier Y. R. Stainier. 2002. Development. Fishing out a new heart. Science 298, 5601 (December 2002), 2141–2142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kyoko N. Matsukage, Zhicheng Jing, and Shun-Ichiro Karato. 2005. Density of hydrous silicate melt at the conditions of Earth’s deep upper mantle. Nature 438, 7067 (November 2005), 488–491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Michael Parisi, Rachel Nuttall, Daniel Naiman, Gerard Bouffard, James Malley, Justen Andrews, Scott Eastman, and Brian Oliver. 2003. Paucity of genes on the Drosophila X chromosome showing male-biased expression. Science 299, 5607 (January 2003), 697–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maarten H. P. Ambaum. 2010. Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Andrew D. Gordon (Ed.). 2010. Programming Languages and Systems: 19th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hyun Sook Rhee, Ik Rae Jeong, Jin Wook Byun, and Dong Hoon Lee. 2006. Difference Set Attacks on Conjunctive Keyword Search Schemes. In Secure Data Management: Third VLDB Workshop, SDM 2006, Seoul, Korea, September 10-11, 2006. Proceedings, Willem Jonker and Milan Petković (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 64–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. How Hostile Is Space? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jeffrey L. LaPoint. 2008. The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Gene Gustines. 2017. Robert Kirkman Plans New Comic Book Series. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles