How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Masaru Kono. 2006. Geophysics. Ships’ logs and archeomagnetism. Science 312, 5775 (May 2006), 865–866.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sebastian Reineke and Marc A. Baldo. 2014. Room temperature triplet state spectroscopy of organic semiconductors. Sci. Rep. 4, (January 2014), 3797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geoff Wild, Andy Gardner, and Stuart A. West. 2009. Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world. Nature 459, 7249 (June 2009), 983–986.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhaoke Zheng, Zhi Shiuh Lim, Yuan Peng, Lu You, Lang Chen, and Junling Wang. 2013. General route to ZnO nanorod arrays on conducting substrates via galvanic-cell-based approach. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 2434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Georg Schwedt. 2010. Zuckersüße Chemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Johannes Backs and Timothy A. McKinsey (Eds.). 2016. Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shruti Patil, Yeseong Kim, Kunal Korgaonkar, Ibrahim Awwal, and Tajana S. Rosing. 2015. Characterization of User’s Behavior Variations for Design of Replayable Mobile Workloads. In Mobile Computing, Applications, and Services: 7th International Conference, MobiCASE 2015, Berlin, Germany, November 12–13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Stephan Sigg, Petteri Nurmi and Flora Salim (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2015. Study Finds People Can Be Identified By The Bacteria They Breathe Out. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. GAO Reviews of USDA Biotechnology Research Efforts and Regulatory Programs and Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estella M. Castillo-Garrison. 2012. Asilomar Leadership Skills Seminar: The career preparation, advancement, and enhancement of women in California community college leadership. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Caitlin Kelly. 2009. Skate, Sure, But Don’t Expect A Zamboni. New York Times, LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

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