How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Minsky. 2000. Time for an aspirin. Nature 403, 6770 (February 2000), 592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard Goldfine and Dennis E. Vance. 2001. Obituary: Konrad E. Bloch (1912-2000). Nature 409, 6822 (February 2001), 779.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacob W. Nadler, Dora E. Angelaki, and Gregory C. DeAngelis. 2008. A neural representation of depth from motion parallax in macaque visual cortex. Nature 452, 7187 (April 2008), 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barbara S. Schuwirth, Maria A. Borovinskaya, Cathy W. Hau, Wen Zhang, Antón Vila-Sanjurjo, James M. Holton, and Jamie H. Doudna Cate. 2005. Structures of the bacterial ribosome at 3.5 A resolution. Science 310, 5749 (November 2005), 827–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aparna V. Huzurbazar. 2004. Flowgraph Models for Multistate Time-to-Event Data: Huzurbazar/Flowgraph Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Horst E. Friedrich. 2006. Magnesium Technology: Metallurgy, Design Data, Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Catherine Wilkinson. 2016. Youth Voices on the Airwaves: Representations of Young People. In Identities and Subjectivities, Nancy Worth and Claire Dwyer (eds.). Springer, Singapore, 475–491.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Scientists Create Functioning Whole Organ From Cells. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Small Business Administration: Mandated Planning for Loan Monitoring System Is Not Complete. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan C. Thom. 2017. Digital Martyrs and Shadowless Assailants: The Projective Shadow’s Emergence in Cyberspace. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James R. Oestreich. 2017. Forget the Arias. Check Out That 3-D. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles