How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James Mitchell Crow. 2012. Psoriasis uncovered. Nature 492, 7429 (December 2012), S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alan F. Cowman and Christopher J. Tonkin. 2011. Microbiology. A tail of division. Science 331, 6016 (January 2011), 409–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piet Verburg, Robert E. Hecky, and Hedy Kling. 2003. Ecological consequences of a century of warming in Lake Tanganyika. Science 301, 5632 (July 2003), 505–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferran Valderrama, João V. Cordeiro, Sibylle Schleich, Friedrich Frischknecht, and Michael Way. 2006. Vaccinia virus-induced cell motility requires F11L-mediated inhibition of RhoA signaling. Science 311, 5759 (January 2006), 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2010. Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Junzo Watada, Gloria Phillips-Wren, Lakhmi C. Jain, and Robert J. Howlett (Eds.). 2011. Intelligent Decision Technologies: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies (IDT’ 2011). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yutaka Okaie, Tadashi Nakano, Takahiro Hara, and Shojiro Nishio. 2016. Controllability of Mobile Bionanosensors. In Target Detection and Tracking by Bionanosensor Networks, Tadashi Nakano, Takahiro Hara and Shojiro Nishio (eds.). Springer, Singapore, 53–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Caterpillar uses toxic breath as a defense mechanism. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Commercial Aviation: Program Aimed at High-Risk Parent Abductors Could Aid in Preventing Abductions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randy M. Shetter. 2012. Assaulting the littorals: The development and evolution of a dedicated American amphibious assault force. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Caitlin Kelly. 2011. Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles