How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David R. Soderblom. 2009. Astronomy. How old is that star? Science 323, 5910 (January 2009), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander Punnoose and Alexander M. Finkel’stein. 2005. Metal-insulator transition in disordered two-dimensional electron systems. Science 310, 5746 (October 2005), 289–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myung-Koo Kang, Si Joon Kim, and Hyun Jae Kim. 2014. Fabrication of high performance thin-film transistors via pressure-induced nucleation. Sci. Rep. 4, (October 2014), 6858.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nicolas Olivier, Miguel A. Luengo-Oroz, Louise Duloquin, Emmanuel Faure, Thierry Savy, Israël Veilleux, Xavier Solinas, Delphine Débarre, Paul Bourgine, Andrés Santos, Nadine Peyriéras, and Emmanuel Beaurepaire. 2010. Cell lineage reconstruction of early zebrafish embryos using label-free nonlinear microscopy. Science 329, 5994 (August 2010), 967–971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Philippe Feyel. 2013. Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Antonio Romano. 2006. Continuum Mechanics using Mathematica®: Fundamentals, Applications and Scientific Computing. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Yong Zhao and Shiyong Lu. 2008. A Logic Programming Approach to Scientific Workflow Provenance Querying. In Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes: Second International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2008, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, June 17-18, 2008. Revised Selected Papers, Juliana Freire, David Koop and Luc Moreau (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2015. Scientists Restore Sight In Blind Mice. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Congress Should Clearly Define the National Weather Service’s Role To Provide Specialized Weather Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nicole Mcfarlane. 2010. Information power efficiency tradeoffs in mixed signal CMOS circuits. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Linda Yablonsky. 2013. Beautiful Ruins. New York Times, M288.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

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