How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steven Sherwood. 2015. Climate science: The Sun and the rain. Nature 528, 7581 (December 2015), 200–201.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. M. De La Cruz and T. D. Pollard. 2001. Structural biology. Actin’ up. Science 293, 5530 (July 2001), 616–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tara Hessa, Stephen H. White, and Gunnar von Heijne. 2005. Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. Science 307, 5714 (March 2005), 1427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takanori Fukushima, Atsuko Kosaka, Yoji Ishimura, Takashi Yamamoto, Toshikazu Takigawa, Noriyuki Ishii, and Takuzo Aida. 2003. Molecular ordering of organic molten salts triggered by single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science 300, 5628 (June 2003), 2072–2074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Breck Hitz, J. Ewing, and Jeff Hecht. 2012. Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Henrik Leopold (Ed.). 2013. Natural Language in Business Process Models: Theoretical Foundations, Techniques, and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeisun Lee, Wonsang Youn, Jongwook Lim, Yongsik Nam, and Youngsik Kwak. 2009. OpenTide China’s Pricing Decision-Making Support System 2.0 for Digital Industry in China. In U- and E-Service, Science and Technology: International Conference, UNESST 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings, Dominik Ślęzak, Tai-Hoon Kim, Jianhua Ma, Wai-Chi Fang, Frode Eika Sandnes, Byeong-Ho Kang and Bongen Gu (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Robin Andrews. 2015. Japanese Scientists Invent “Unbreakable” Glass. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Corrected If Modernization Is to Succeed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kory M. Evans. 2017. Evolution of Craniofacial Diversity in Neotropical Electric Fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei). Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Koblin. 2017. CBS Late-Night Host Wins Season Ratings Battle, Thanks to DVRs. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles