How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lauren Gravitz. 2015. Prevention: Tending the gut. Nature 521, 7551 (May 2015), S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chengcheng Gui and Jian Wang. 2014. Silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide based three-input multicasted optical hexadecimal addition/subtraction. Sci. Rep. 4, (December 2014), 7491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tim Bartels, Joanna G. Choi, and Dennis J. Selkoe. 2011. α-Synuclein occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. Nature 477, 7362 (August 2011), 107–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Emery, R. Stanewsky, J. C. Hall, and M. Rosbash. 2000. A unique circadian-rhythm photoreceptor. Nature 404, 6777 (March 2000), 456–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celeste Labrunda Yeakley and Jeffrey D. Fiebrich. 2015. Collaborative Process Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kunyu Guo. 2015. Multiplication Operators on the Bergman Space. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Juan Cámpora and Mikael Brasse. 2011. Challenges and Breakthroughs in Transition Metal Catalyzed Copolymerization of Polar and Non-Polar Olefins. In Olefin Upgrading Catalysis by Nitrogen-based Metal Complexes II: State of the art and Perspectives, Juan Campora and Giuliano Giambastiani (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 199–261.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Lizard’s Corkscrew-Shaped Burrow is the World’s Deepest Nest. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Options to Enhance the Long-term Viability of the Essential Air Service Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matthew Owen Wead. 2009. Fear and Doubt. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Baker. 2009. Riding the Oil Market, Calgary Builds Up. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles