How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alison Abbott. 2002. Genomics: sorry, dogs - man’s got a new best friend. Nature 420, 6917 (2002), 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martha Susiarjo and Marisa S. Bartolomei. 2014. Epigenetics. You are what you eat, but what about your DNA? Science 345, 6198 (August 2014), 733–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Lemieux, C. Otis, and M. Turmel. 2000. Ancestral chloroplast genome in Mesostigma viride reveals an early branch of green plant evolution. Nature 403, 6770 (February 2000), 649–652.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barry Hoopengardner, Tarun Bhalla, Cynthia Staber, and Robert Reenan. 2003. Nervous system targets of RNA editing identified by comparative genomics. Science 301, 5634 (August 2003), 832–836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruce J. West and Lori A. Griffin. 2005. Biodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ingrid Brdar (Ed.). 2011. The Human Pursuit of Well-Being: A Cultural Approach. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Paolo Renna and Pierluigi Argoneto. 2011. Models for Coalition Management. In Innovative Tools for Business Coalitions in B2B Applications: How Negotiation, Auction and Game Theory Can Support Small- and Medium-sized Business in E-business, Paolo Renna (ed.). Springer, London, 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2016. First Edition Of Newton’s Principia Mathematica Becomes World’s Most Expensive Science Book. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Transportation Trust Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gregg Lewis Brandon. 2017. Mendelssohn’s Public Statement of Faith: “Lobgesang” as Christian Witness. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Kelly. 1993. Washington Memo; Household Hiring Is Trickier With New Broom in Capital. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Des. Automat. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)1084-4309
ISSN (online)1557-7309

Other styles